Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana

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Commanding-General Shree Teen Maharajkumar
Sir

Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
श्री ३ महाराजकुमार महारथी
बबर शमशेर जङ्गबहादुर राणा
Rana family 1915.jpg
Sir Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Commander-In-Chief, Royal Nepal Army
Commander-In-Chief of Nepal Army
In office
30 April 1948 – 1951
Preceded byMohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Succeeded byKiran Shamsher Rana
Minister of Defence of Nepal
In office
18 February 1951 – 10 June 1951
Prime MinisterMohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Personal details
Born(1888-01-27)27 January 1888
Kathmandu, Nepal
Died12 May 1960(1960-05-12) (aged 72)
Kathmandu, Nepal
RelationsShree Teen Maharajah Sir Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (father)
Shree Teen Maharajah Sir Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (brother),
Field Marshal Sir Kaiser Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (brother),
General Gaurav Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (great grandson)
AwardsGCVO
GBE,
KCSI,
KCIE
Order of the Star of Nepal,
Order of Gorkha Dakshina Bahu,
Order of Tri Shakti Patta,
Order of Om Ram Patta,
Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit
Military service
Allegiance   Nepal
Branch/service Nepalese Army
Years of service1901-1951
RankCommanding Officer
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II

Sir Baber Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GCVO, GBE, KCSI, KCIE (27 January 1888 – 12 May 1960) was a member of the Rana dynasty who served as the Minister of Defence of Nepal in 1951.[1] A prominent member of the Rana oligarchy, he fought valiantly in the First World War.[2] He was the second son of Maharaja Sir Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana and Bada Maharani Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi. He was the younger brother of Maharaja Sir Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana and older brother of Field Marshal Sir Kaiser Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.[citation needed]

Family[edit]

Sir Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana was born to Field Marshal H.H. Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi Ati-Projjwala-Nepal-Taradisha Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, T'ung-ling-ping-ma-Kuo-Kang-wang, Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski, GCB and Bada Maharani Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi on January 27, 1888 at Kathmandu. He married twice, first in 1903, to Sri Bada Rani Deva Bakhta Rajya Lakshmi; and secondly to Sri Bada Rani Baid Bakhta Rajya Lakshmi. He had three sons and two daughters:

  • Bala Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, (died in 1921).
  • Lieutenant-General Prasiddha-Prabala-Gorkha-Dakshina-Bahu Mrigendra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (by Baid Bakhta Rajya Lakshmi), born in 1906.
  • Major-General Subikhyat-Tri-Shakti-Patta, Prasidha-Prabala-Gorkha-Dakshina-Bahu Sir Brahma Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana KCIE, born in 1909.
  • Phanindra Rajya Lakshmi, Rani of Tiloi, born in 1908.[citation needed]
  • Homa Rajya Lakshmi, Rani of Nayagarh, born in 1913.

General Gaurav Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, the chief of the Army of Nepal since 2012, is his great-grandson through his son, Mrigendra's son Adiyta Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.[3]

Later life[edit]

Sir Baber Shamsher was educated at the Mayo College, Ajmer. In 1901, he was made a Major General of the Royal Nepalese Army and was promoted to Lieutenant General in 1903. After being Aide de camp to his father in 1908, he was promoted to a General in 1914, and finally to the post of Commanding General in 1934. In 1927, he was made an Honorary Colonel in the British Army. In 1946, he led the Royal Nepalese troops at the Victory parade in London. During the premiership (1948–1951) of his older brother, Sir Mohan Shamsher, Sir Baber Shamsher was the Mukhtiyar and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Nepalese Army.[4] In 1951, he became the Minister for Defence in the Congress Rana Cabinet led, by his brother. However he was a bete noire in the eyes of the Nepali Congress, and was replaced by his younger brother, Singha Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana on June 10, 1951.[5]

Death[edit]

He died at his residence at Baber Mahal, Kathmandu on May 12, 1960 (which was built for him by his father).[6] His brother Kaiser Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana, died Four years later at the same age.

Styles[edit]

  • 1888–1901: Sri Teen Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
  • 1901–1903: Major-General Sri Teen Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
  • 1903–1914: Lieutenant-General Sri Teen Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
  • 1914–1916: General Sri Teen Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
  • 1916–1918: General Sri Teen Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana Sri Teen Sir Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, KCIE
  • 1918 – 2 February 1919: General Supradipta-Manyabara-Nepal-Tara Sri Teen Sir Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, KCIE
  • 2 February – 19 December 1919: General Supradipta-Manyabara-Nepal-Tara Sri Teen Sir Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, KCSI, KCIE
  • 19 December 1919 – 1934: General Supradipta-Manyabara-Nepal-Tara Sri Teen Sir Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GBE, KCSI, KCIE
  • 1934–1935: Commanding-General Supradipta-Manyabara-Nepal-Tara Sri Teen Sir Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GBE, KCSI, KCIE
  • 1935–1939: Commanding-General Supradipta-Manyabara-Nepal-Tara Suprasidha-Prabala-Gorkha-Dakshina-Bahu Sri Teen Sir Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GBE, KCSI, KCIE
  • 1939–1946: Commanding-General Supradipta-Manyabara-Nepal-Tara Jyotirmaya-Subikhyat-Tri-Shakti-Patta Suprasidha-Prabala-Gorkha-Dakshina-Bahu Sri Teen Sir Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GBE, KCSI, KCIE
  • 1946–1960: Commanding-General Supradipta-Manyabara-Nepal-Tara Om-Ram-Patta Jyotirmaya-Subikhyat-Tri-Shakti-Patta Suprasidha-Prabala-Gorkha-Dakshina-Bahu Sri Teen Sir Maharajkumar Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GCVO, GBE, KCSI, KCIE

Honours[edit]

Ancestors[edit]

Ancestors of Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
32. Ramakrishna Kunwar
16. Ranajit Kunwar
8. Bal Narsingh Kunwar
4. Dhir Shamsher Rana
36. Amar Singh Thapa (sanukaji)
18. Nain Singh Thapa
37. Satyarupa Maya
9. Ganesh Kumari Thapa
38. Ranajit Pande
19. Rana Kumari Pande
2. Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
40. Birabhadra Thapa
20. Amar Singh Thapa (sanukaji)
10. Bakhtawar Singh Thapa
21. Satyarupa Maya
5. Nanda Kumari Thapa
1. Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
3. Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Google Groups". google.com.
  2. ^ "Nepalese Army - नेपाली सेना". nepalarmy.mil.np. Archived from the original on 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  3. ^ "Lt Gen Gaurav Shumsher Rana sworn-in as Nepal Army Chief". Zee News.
  4. ^ "23 Nov 1950 - 30,000 Gurkhas solve a problem". nla.gov.au.
  5. ^ Joshi, Bhuwan Lal; Rose, Leo E. (1966). "Democratic Innovations in Nepal". google.com.
  6. ^ "vivacitymagazines.com". Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2015-08-20.