Baise Rajya (Nepali: बाइसे राज्यहरू, lit. 22 principalities) were sovereign and intermittently allied petty kingdoms on the Indian subcontinent, ruled by Khas from medieval India, located around the Karnali-Bheri river basin of modern-day Nepal. The Baise were annexed during the unification of Nepal from 1744 to 1810. The kingdom’s founder Prithvi Narayan Shah (ruled 1743-1775) did not live to see this, but his son and grandson annexed the entire collection by the end of the 18th century.
The 22 principalities were Jumla, Doti, Jajarkot, Bajura, Gajur, Biskot, Malneta, Thalahara, Dailekh, Dullu, Duryal, Dang, Sallyana, Chilli, Phalawagh, Jehari, Darnar, Musikot, Atbis Gotam, Majal, Gurnakot, and Rukum. The Baise States included Kumaon, Garhwal in the west, Western Tibet in the north and Surkhet alogwith inner Terai valleys in the south. These Baise alongwith Chaubisi rajya states were ruled by Khas and several decentralized tribal polities.
List of Baise Rajyas (22 states)
|Rajya||Date of Annexation||Notes|
|Atbis Gotam||1786||Also known as Gutam.|
|Bajura||August 1791||Became a vassal state of the Kingdom of Nepal.|
|Biskot||1782||Also possibly known as Bosakot.|
|Chilli||.||Descended from Raja Malaibam, Raja of Bajhang in the 14th century.|
|Dang||1786||Founded around 1350, by a scion of the predecessor Kingdom of Sarasvati.|
|Darnar||.||Also spelled Darna, it became a vassal state of the Kingdom of Nepal.|
|Dullu||1790||Also known as Raskot, it was founded by a division of the Kingdom of Mailbham around 1378.|
|Gurnakot||.||Possibly the same as Garhunkot, it became a vassal state of the Kingdom of Nepal.|
|Jajarkot||.||Became a vassal state of the Kingdom of Nepal, also known originally as Jagatipur.|
|Jehari||.||Descended from Raja Malaibam, Raja of Bajhang in the 14th century.|
|Jumla||October 1788||Annexation also given as September 1789.|
|Malneta||.||Became a vassal state of the Kingdom of Nepal.|
|Musikot||1786||Descended from Raja Malaibam, Raja of Bajhang in the 14th century.|
|Phalawagh||.||Possibly the same as Salyana.|
|Rukum||.||Descended from Raja Malaibam, Raja of Bajhang in the 14th century.|
|Salyana||25 September 1786||It was made a vassal state after annexation and was ultimately abolished in 1961, with the Raja still receiving a Privy Purse till the abolishment of the Nepali monarchy.|
|Thalahara||.||Became a vassal state of the Kingdom of Nepal.|
- Account of the Kingdom of Nepal, and of the Territories annexed to this Dominion by the House of Gorkha by Francis Hamilton (formerly Buchanan) M.D., 1819
- Pradhan 2012, p. 4.
- Pradhan 2012, p. 3.
- Extract from 'The Gurkhas' of Eden Vansittart (based upon the 'Notes on Nepal', 1895 AD and 'Notes on Gurkhas' 1890 AD), Anmol Publications, New Delhi, Re-print 1993
- "Sketches from Nipal, Historical and Descriptive with Anecdotes from......" by Henry Ambrose Oldfield, M.D.; W.H.Allen & Co., London, 1880. Vol.I, P.23
- Baise Chaubise Parichaya (An introduction to the Baise and Chaubise principalities). Nepali, quarterly. Published by the Madan Puraskar Guthi, Sridarbartol, Lalitpur, Magh-Chaitra, 2032 (January–March 1976), pp. 3-38. [Mahan Bahadur Malla]
- "The Rajya Rajauta Ain" (Rajya System Abolition Act) of 2019 V.S. (1961)
- Pradhan, Kumar L. (2012), Thapa Politics in Nepal: With Special Reference to Bhim Sen Thapa, 1806–1839, New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company, ISBN 9788180698132
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