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The Hindu Republic of Bangabhumi
হিন্দু প্রজাতন্ত্রী বঙ্গভূমি (Hindu Prajātantrī Baṅgabhūmi)
IdeologyHindu nationalism
LeaderKalidas Baidya & Dhirendra Nath Paul[citation needed]
HeadquartersRamlal Bazar, South Kolkata[citation needed]
AlliesBir Bongo (Heroes of Bengal), Banga Sena[citation needed]
Opponent(s)People's Republic of Bangladesh and the United States

Bangabhumi (Bengali: বঙ্গভূমি, meaning the land of Bengal, also spelt Bongobhumi) also known as Bir Bongo (Bengali: বীর বঙ্গ), is a separatist movement to create a Hindu country in southwestern Bangladesh, envisioned by Banga Sena.

The movement was founded in 1973 in India soon after the independence of Bangladesh to support the Hindu refugees from Bangladesh, who were targeted by the Pakistan Army in the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities. However, this movement did not receive much support at that time. In an interview with BBC News in 2001, Chittaranjan Sutar, one of the alleged organisers of the movement, denied supporting the creation of a new nation.[1] The movement openly became active again on 4 February 2003 when it declared the independence of Hindu Republic of Bangabhumi.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bangladesh alleges 'separatist plot', BBC, December 22, 2001
  2. ^ Banerjee Alok, "Hindu republic 'born' in Bangladesh" Times of India, February 4, 2003