Banner (country subdivision)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
| This article includes a list of related items that share the same name (or similar names).
If an internal link incorrectly led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.
Banner is a type of administrative division, and may more specifically refer to:
- A Banner (Inner Mongolia) is an administrative division of a Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China, equivalent to a Chinese county (縣|县[xiàn]) in the rest of China. Qosighuns or qoshuns ('banners'), sometimes transcribed by hoshuns or khoshuns, were the battalion level of administrative/military subdivision in the Mongol army.
- An Autonomous banner is an area associated with one or more ethnic minorities designated as autonomous within the People's Republic of China.
- The Eight Banners are former administrative divisions of China into which all Manchu households were placed, primarily for military purposes.
- Kozhuun, subdivisions of former Tannu Uriankhai and now russian Tuva.
- A Bandon (Byzantine Empire) was the lowest Byzantine administrative-cum-military unit. "Bandon" means "banner".
- Sanjak, literally "a banner, flag", was the original first level subdivision of the Ottoman Empire.
- Liwa, an Arabic term meaning "banner" as a type of administrative division.
Notes and references
- Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. p. 530. ISBN 978-0-8135-0627-2.
- Elliott, Mark C. (2001). The Manchu way: the eight banners and ethnic identity in late imperial China. Palo Alto, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4684-7.
- Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991). "Bandon". The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. p. 250. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6.