Beloje

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Beloje
župan of Travunia
Periodbefore 839
PredecessorUnknown
SuccessorKrajina
BornTravunia
Died9th century
FamilyTravunian
Issue
Krajina

Beloje (Serbian: Белоје, Greek: Βελάης[a]; fl. 839) was the župan of Travunia some time in the first half of the 9th century. Travunia was a polity centered in Trebinje (now in southern Bosnia and Herzegovina), subject to the Principality of Serbia. Mentioned in De Administrando Imperio (DAI) of Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII (r. 945–959), Beloje was a contemporary of Serbian ruler Vlastimir (r. 836–851). It is unknown how he came to the position; it might have been through the primogeniture principles, however, there is no definite answer.[1] Vlastimir married his daughter to Beloje's son Krajina, and "desiring to ennoble his son-in-law",[2] elevated his rank to archon (prince) and made him independent.[1] Travunia was thus elevated from a župa into an archonty (principality), practically independent, while Vlastimir oversaw his son-in-law.[3] T. Živković theorized that Beloje sought to free himself of Serbian rule, and that Vlastimir prevented this through a political marriage between the two families, possibly prior to the Bulgar–Serb War (839–842).[4] Krajina's descendants were entitled the rule of Travunia under Serbian suzerainty.[5]

There is a hypothesis that the legendary king Pavlimir Belo (or Belimir) mentioned in the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (CPD) was possibly based on Beloje.[6][7][5] The CPD is a source dating to ca. 1300–10[8] largely discredited in historiography (events in the Early Middle Ages deemed useless).[9] The CPD mentions this individual, Belo, as being born as Pavlimir, receiving his nickname from his relatives and other Romans from bello, "because he very much loved war".[10] The legend of Pavlimir-Belo continues with his stint at Syrmia, where he defeated the Syrmians and Hungarians,[11] and his defeat of Rascian župan Ljutomir.[6] Belo is mentioned in the CPD as a Rascian župan, while DAI mentions Beloje as a Travunian župan.[6] N. Banašević noted that while the two names were similar, they were not identical.[6]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ In DAI, his name is spellt in Greek as Βελάης,[5] transliterated Belaës by Moravcsik 1967. His name is rendered in Serbian as Beloje (Белоје)[12][13][14] or Veloje (Велоје).[15][14][16] The name "Beloje" is derived from belo (white). "Veloje" is derived from Slavic anthroponymic vel- (great, from veliko) and the common Slavic possessive suffix -je.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vizantološki institut 1997, p. 49.
  2. ^ Moravcsik 1967.
  3. ^ Živković 2006, pp. 27–28, 30.
  4. ^ Živković 2006, p. 30.
  5. ^ a b c Banašević 1971, pp. 113–115.
  6. ^ a b c d Istorijski muzej Srbije 1977, p. 14.
  7. ^ Bešić 1967, p. 366, 425, 473.
  8. ^ Živković & Kunčer 2009, pp. 362–365.
  9. ^ Živković 2006, pp. 16.
  10. ^ Istorijski muzej Srbije 1977, p. 12.
  11. ^ Istorijski muzej Srbije 1977, p. 13.
  12. ^ Ferjančić, Božidar (1959). Vizantiski izvori za istoriju naroda Jugoslavije. Vizantološki institut. p. 62.
  13. ^ Blagojević 2001, p. 14.
  14. ^ a b Veselinović & Ljušić 2008, p. 28.
  15. ^ Srejović, Gavrilović & Ćirković 1982, p. 148.
  16. ^ Ljubo Mihić (1975). Ljubinje sa okolinom. Dragan Srnic. p. 111.
  17. ^ Matica srpska (1975). Zbornik za filologiju i lingvisiku. 18–19. Novi Sad: Matica srpska. p. 195.

Sources[edit]