Benin Air Force

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Benin Air Force
Forces Aériennes du Benin
CountryBenin Republic of Benin
TypeAir force
RoleAerial warfare
Part ofBenin Armed Forces
HeadquartersCotonou
Commanders
Current
commander
Lieutenant-colonel Hermann William Avocanh
Insignia
RoundelRoundel of Benin.svg
Fin flashFlag of Benin.svg
Aircraft flown
Transportde Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter, Hawker Siddeley HS 748

The Benin Air Force (French: Forces Aériennes du Benin or FAB) is the aerial service branch of the Benin Armed Forces. It was formed in 1958 when Benin gained independence from France as the Dahomey Air Force. The Air Force provides support to the army, primarily through transport and liaison, and presidential transportation. It has relied heavily on donations, initially from France and more recently from Belgium. During the short lived People's Republic of Benin, when it was known as the Benin People's Air Force, Soviet aircraft were acquired to demonstrate the change of political allegiance. The current operational fleet consists of two aircraft.

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

When the Republic of Dahomey became a self-governing colony in the French Community on 11 August 1958, the colonial power provided the new country with a small nascent air arm named the Dahomey Air Force (French: Force Aérienne de Dahomey or FAD).[1] The first aircraft arrived in 1961 after the country had gained full independence. The original donations, a Douglas C-47 transport and an Sud Aviation Alouette II helicopter along with a number of Max Holste Broussard utility aircraft, a similar package that France provided to many of its ex-colonies when they gained their freedom, were soon complemented by an Aero Commander 500B VIP transport.[2] The C-47 fleet was expanded to three aircraft and, in 1973, a French-manufactured Rheims Cessna Skymaster was added to the force.[3] To supplement the Aero Commander, an Aérospatiale Corvette was acquired, further reinforcing the tie between the country and French aircraft industry.[4]

Benin People's Air Force[edit]

Roundel of the Forces Aériennes Populaire du Benin
The Benin Air Force Fokker F28 in 1983

On 30 November 1975, the nation of Dahomey was renamed the People's Republic of Benin and the air force became the Benin People's Air Force (French: Forces Aériennes Populaire du Benin or FAPB).[5] A new roundel was introduced that included a red star to designate the new political allegiance of the country. Internally, however, little changed. The air force initially saw no new purchases except a single Fokker F27-600 added in 1978.[4] Soon after, two Antonov An-26 transports were introduced, heralding a change in allegiance to the Eastern bloc.[5]

During the next few years, the air force continued to expand but so did costs. To curb these, and to also support economic development in the country, in 1984, the Air Force started to jointly operate its larger transport aircraft with the national airline, Transports Aeriens de Benin. At the same time, the air force returned to procuring aircraft from West Europe. By 1987, the fleet included two An-26, three C-47s and two Dornier Do 128-2 transports, an Aero Commander 500B and Fokker F28 Fellowship for VIP transport, and a single Alouette II and two Aérospatiale AS350 Écureuil helicopters.[6]

Benin Air Force[edit]

When the country's name was changed again on 1 March 1990 to the République du Bénin, the name of the air force was also renamed to the current name.[1] The original roundel was restored, although the red star was still visible on aircraft in 1994.[7] Some things stayed the same. The air force continued to operate under financial constraints, which increasingly impacted serviceability. To help solve this, the country was provided aid from Belgium.[8] The C-47 transports were retired, along with the remaining older aircraft. The Belgian Air Force provided a three-year service programme and also three Hawker Siddeley HS 748 transports. One of these was used for spare parts in an effort to provide continuity for the fleet, another recurring problem.[8] Helicopters were also later provided by the Belgian Army under the same condition.[9] A de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter utility aircraft joined the two An-26 transports in joint operation with the national airline and collaboration with civil aircraft operations became an increasingly important part of the way that the service operated.[10]

In 2010, the air force added a pair of LH Aviation LH-10 Grand Duc light aircraft in an attempt to reduce costs as well as add capability.[11] However, despite these measures, the operational fleet continued to shrink. By 2018, the air force consisted of two active aircraft.[12]

Current Capabilities[edit]

The Air Force is tasked with a range of military tasks, including national defence, surveillance and intelligence gathering, ex-Belgian Air Forcesupport to the Army and VIP transportation and participation in peace keeping operations. It also undertakes a number of other roles, including search and rescue, environmental protection, anti-poaching patrols and fighting smuggling.[13] The Air Force is increasingly also involved in joint anti-terrorism exercises.[14]

Organisation[edit]

The Air Force is led by the Chief of Staff of the Air Force (French: Chef de d’Etat-Major des Forces Aériennes or CEMFA). On 14 November 2016, Lieutenant colonel Hermann William Avocanh was appointed to this role.[15]

Two bases are operated, Base Aériennes de Cotonou (BACO) and Base Aériennes de Cana (BACA) at Cadjehoun Airport, Cotonou, and Cana Airport respectively.[16] In 2018, the latter was commanded by Captain Luc Biobou.[17]

Aircraft[edit]

Current inventory[edit]

A Benin Hs.748 in Belgian colours prior to delivery
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Transport
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter Canada utility 300 1[12]
Hawker Siddeley HS 748 United Kingdom transport 1[12] ex-Belgian Air Force
Helicopters
Aérospatiale AS350 Écureuil France utility 1[18] Non-active
Agusta A109 Italy Logistics 2[18] Non-active

Retired Inventory: Dornier Do-28 Skyservant, Bell 47G, Fokker F.28, Fokker F27-600, Boeing 707, Rockwell 500 Commander, Antonov An-26, Antonov An-2, Max Holste Broussard, Douglas C-47, Cessna Skymaster, Aérospatiale Corvette, Sud Aviation Alouette II.

Golf legend[edit]

There is a story that a golfer named Mathieu Boya destroyed the entire Benin Air Force in 1987 with a golf shot that led to one of the force's Dassault Mirage fighters crashing into the remaining four.[19] Unfortunately for the story, the Benin Air Force has never operated the Mirage or any combat aircraft.[6]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wragg 2003, p. 23.
  2. ^ Rawlings 1971, p. 927.
  3. ^ Wheeler 1973, p. 144.
  4. ^ a b Wheeler 1980, p. 1327.
  5. ^ a b Wheeler 1980, p. 1326.
  6. ^ a b Hatch 1987, p. 42.
  7. ^ Moulin 1994.
  8. ^ a b Ripley 2004, p. 45.
  9. ^ Decock 2012.
  10. ^ Housnou & et al 2018, p. 26.
  11. ^ Guisnel 2010.
  12. ^ a b c Hoyle 2018, p. 12.
  13. ^ Ministère de la Defense Nationale. "Forces Aériennes". defense.bj (in French). Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  14. ^ Lawson 2018.
  15. ^ Housnou & et al 2018, p. 27.
  16. ^ Youri 2018, p. 8.
  17. ^ Youri 2018, p. 9.
  18. ^ a b Housnou & et al 2018, p. 25.
  19. ^ Connor 2001, p. 63.

Bibliography[edit]