|President pro tempore of the United States Senate|
June 26, 1860 – December 2, 1860
|Preceded by||Jesse D. Bright|
|Succeeded by||Solomon Foot|
December 7, 1857 – February 26, 1860
|Preceded by||Thomas Jefferson Rusk|
|Succeeded by||Jesse D. Bright|
|United States Senator|
January 14, 1853 – January 21, 1861
|Preceded by||William R. King|
|Succeeded by||George E. Spencer (1868)|
November 25, 1848 – November 30, 1849
|Preceded by||Dixon Lewis|
|Succeeded by||Jeremiah Clemens|
|11th Governor of Alabama|
November 22, 1841 – December 10, 1845
|Preceded by||Arthur P. Bagby|
|Succeeded by||Joshua L. Martin|
|Born||June 30, 1802|
Greene County, Georgia, U.S.
|Died||November 21, 1869 (aged 67)|
Wetumpka, Alabama, U.S.
Fitzpatrick helped his brothers manage land they owned on the Alabama River and served as deputy under the first sheriff of Autauga County. He worked in the law office of Nimrod E. Benson before he was admitted to the bar.
Fitzpatrick studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1821, commencing practice in Montgomery, Alabama. Fitzpatrick served as solicitor of the Montgomery circuit from 1822 to 1823 but moved to his plantation in Autauga County in 1829. He engaged in planting.
Governor of Alabama and Senator for Alabama
Fitzpatrick became Governor of Alabama in 1841 and served until 1845. Later, he was appointed as a Democrat to the US Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Dixon H. Lewis, and served from November 25, 1848 to November 30, 1849, when a successor was elected.
He was again appointed on January 14, 1853 and elected on December 12, 1853 to the Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William R. King, who had been elected Vice President of the United States, and served from January 14, 1853 to March 3, 1855. He served in that Congress as Chairman of the Committee on Printing and the Committee on Engrossed Bills. He was elected to the Senate again to fill the vacancy caused by the failure of the legislature to elect his own successor on November 26, 1855. In that role, he served several times as President pro tempore of the Senate.
Failure of state banks
The country was plagued by economic depression as a result of the Panic of 1837. Fitzpatrick's predecessor as Governor, Arthur P. Bagby, introduced measures to assist the state banks, but the state legislature rejected most of the measures. All of the state banks were closed by Fitzpatrick.
Vice Presidential nomination
In 1860, Fitzpatrick was nominated for Vice President of the United States by the wing of the Democratic Party that had nominated Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois for president. However, he refused the nomination, and Herschel V. Johnson of Georgia was ultimately nominated. Fitzpatrick withdrew from the Senate on January 21, 1861, following the secession of his home state.
Fitzpatrick did not take a particularly active role in the politics of the Confederacy although he served as president of the constitutional convention of Alabama in 1865.
He died on his plantation near Wetumpka, Alabama, on November 21, 1869, aged 67.
- "Benjamin Fitzpatrick". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
- Byrd, Robert C.; Wolff, Wendy (October 1, 1993). The Senate, 1789-1989: Historical Statistics, 1789-1992 (volume 4 Bicentennial ed.). U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 164. ISBN 9780160632563.
- "Arthur Pendleton Bagby". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
- United States Congress. "Benjamin Fitzpatrick (id: F000174)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Benjamin Fitzpatrick at Find a Grave