# Benjamin Osgood Peirce

Benjamin Osgood Peirce | |
---|---|

Born | |

Died | 14 January 1914 | (aged 59)

Nationality | American |

Alma mater | Harvard University |

Scientific career | |

Institutions | Harvard University |

Doctoral students | William Elwood Byerly |

Influences | JOC/EFR January 2015 |

**Benjamin Osgood Peirce** (11 February 1854 Beverly, Massachusetts, USA – 14 January 1914 Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA) was an American mathematician and a holder of the Hollis Chair of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at Harvard from 1888 until his death in 1914.^{[1]}^{[2]} Osgood is buried at Beverly's Central Cemetery.^{[3]} Removed by several degrees, he was a cousin of Charles Sanders Peirce,^{[4]} whose father, Benjamin Peirce, worked as the Adcademic advisor to Joseph Lovering, Benjamin Osgood Peirce's predecessor as holder of the Hollis Chair of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy.

## See also[edit]

- Benjamin Peirce (1809–1890)

## References[edit]

**^**Hall, Edwin H. (1919), "Biographical Memoir of Benjamin Osgood Peirce 1854–1914" (PDF),*Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences*,**VIII**: 436–466.**^**O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Benjamin Osgood Peirce",*MacTutor History of Mathematics archive*, University of St Andrews..**^**"Interesting Burials in Beverly Cemeteries" by Thomas F. Scully**^**Eisele, Carolyn (2008). "Peirce, Benjamin Osgood, II.". In Gillispie, Charles Coulston; Holmes, Frederic Lawrence; Koertge, Noretta (eds.).*Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography*. Detroit, Michigan: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 9780684315591. OCLC 187313311. Retrieved 2018-10-04 – via Encyclopedia.com.

Academic offices | ||
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Preceded by Joseph Lovering |
Hollis Chair of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy1888-1914 |
Succeeded by Wallace Clement Sabine |

Chronology of Achievements: Peirce was elected to the Council of the American Mathematical Society, serving from 1896 to 1898. He was a founder of the American Physical Society when it began in 1899 and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences (United States) in 1906. He was honoured with election to foreign academies such as the Mathematical Circle of Palermo and the Physical Society of France. In 1910 he was awarded an honorary degree by Harvard University. In 1912 he represented Harvard University at the celebrations for the 250th anniversary of the founding of the Royal Society of London. (http://mathshistory.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Peirce_B_O.html)

Benjamin Osgood Peirce's publications
Below we list, as complete as we can, a list of all the publications of Benjamin Osgood Peirce. We also give, where possible, links to the articles as archived on the web:

(with Edward B Lefavour) On the effect of armatures on the magnetic state of electromagnets, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 10 (1875), 385–386. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20021424

On the induction spark produced in breaking a galvanic circuit between the poles of a magnet, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 11 (1875), 218–227. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20021468

On a new method of comparing the electromotive forces of two batteries and measuring their internal resistance, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 12 (1877), 137–140. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25138441

On a new method of measuring the resistance of a galvanic battery, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 12 (1877), 140–142. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25138442

Note on the determination of the law of propagation of heat in the interior of a solid body, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 12 (1877), 143–149. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25138443

(with Edward B Lefavour) Preliminary work on the determination of the law of propagation of heat in the interior of solid bodies, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 13 (1877), 128–140. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25138480

Über die Emissionsspectra der Haloid-verbindungen des Quecksilbers, Annalen der Physik und Chemie 242 (4) (1879), 597–599.

Über die Electromotorische Knifte von Gaselemente (Inaugural dissertation, Leipzig, 1879).

On the sensitiveness of the eye to slight differences of color, Amer. J. Sci. (3) 26 (154) (1883), 299–302. http://www.ajsonline.org/content/s3-26/154/299.full.pdf

Elements of the Theory of the Newtonian Potential Function (Ginn & Co., Boston, 1888).

Elements of the Theory of the Newtonian Potential Function 2nd ed. (Ginn & Co., Boston, 1888).

(with Robert Wheeler Willson) On the charging of condensers by galvanic batteries, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 24 (1889), 146–163. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20021557

(with Robert Wheeler Willson) On the measurement of internal resistance of batteries, Amer. J. Sci. (3) 38 (228) (1889), 465–467. http://www.ajsonline.org/content/s3-38/228/465.full.pdf

Short Table of Integrals (Ginn & Co., Boston, 1889).

(with William Elwood Byerly) Elements of the Integral Calculus (Ginn & Co., Boston, 1889).

On some theorems which connect together certain line and surface integrals, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 26 (1891), 20–23. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20013473

On some simples cases of electric flow in flat circular plates, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 26 (1891), 218–239. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20013484

On the properties of batteries formed of cells joined up in a multiple arc, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 30 (1894), 194–199. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20020587

On the electrical resistances of certain poor conductors, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 30 (1894), 390–395. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20020595

On the thermo-electric properties of platinoid and manganine, Amer. J. Sci. (3) 48 (286) (1894), 302–306. http://www.ajsonline.org/content/s3-48/286/302.full.pdf

(with Robert Wheeler Willson) Temperature variation of the thermal conductivities of marble and slate, Amer. J. Sci. (3) 50 (300) (1895), 435–441. http://www.ajsonline.org/content/s3-50/300/435.full.pdf

On a certain class of equipotential surfaces, Amer. J. Math. 18 (2) (1895), 130–134. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2369676

On the induction coefficients of hard steel magnets, Amer. J. Sci. (4) 2 (11) (1896), 347–354. http://www.ajsonline.org/content/s4-2/11/347.full.pdf

(with Robert Wheeler Willson) Table of the first forty roots of the Bessel equation J0(X) = 0 with the corresponding values of J1(X), Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 3 (4) (1897), 153–155. http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.bams/1183414855

On the properties of seasoned magnets made of self-hardening steel, Amer. J. Sci. (4) 5 (29) (1898), 334–342. http://www.ajsonline.org/content/s4-5/29/334.full.pdf

(with Robert Wheeler Willson) On the thermal conductivities of certain poor conductors I, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 34 (1) (1898), 3-56. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20020852

The perception of horizontal and vertical lines, Science (September, 1899).

On the thermal conductivity of vulcanite, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 35 (4) (1899), 75–80. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25129900

(with Robert Wheeler Willson) On the thermal diffusivities of different kinds of marble, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 36 (2) (1900), 13–16. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20020960

Elements of the Theory of the Newtonian Potential Function 3rd ed. (Ginn & Co., Boston, 1902).

On the temperature coefficients of magnets made of chilled cast iron, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 38 (19) (1903), 551–556. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20021804

On the thermal conductivities of certain pieces of rock from the Calumet and Hecla mine, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 38 (23) (1903), 651–660. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20021820

On families of curves which are the lines of certain plane vectors, either solenoidal or lamellar, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 38 (24) (1903), 663–678. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20021824

On the lines of certain classes of solenoidal or lamellar sectors, symmetrical with respect to an axis, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 39 (12) (1903), 295–304. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20021886

On generalized space differentiation of the second order, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 39 (17) (1904), 377–386. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20021906

Some elementary theorems concerning the steady flow of electricity in solid conductors, Ann. Math. (2) 5 (4) (1904), 153–168. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2007261

On the properties of magnets made of hardened cast iron, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 40 (22) (1905), 701–715. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022016

On the manner of growth of a current in the coil of a nearly closed electromagnet as influenced by the width of the air-gap, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 41 (24) (1906), 505–540. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022119

On the permeability and the retentiveness of a mass of fine iron particles, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 42 (3) (1906), 87–91. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022181

On the length of the time of contact in the case of a quick tap on a telegraph key, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 42 (4) (1906), 95-100. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022185

On the conditions to be satisfied if the sum of the corresponding members of two pairs of orthogonal functions of two variables are to be themselves orthogonal, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 42 (7) (1906), 149–157. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022197

A simple device for measuring the deflections of a mirror galvanometer, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 42 (9) (1906), 173–174. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022205

On the correction for the effect of the counter-electromotive force induced in a moving coil galvanometer when the instrument is used ballistically, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 42 (8) (1906), 161–169. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022201

On the determination of the magnetic behavior of the finely divided core of an electromagnet while a steady current is being established in the exciting coil, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 43 (5) (1907), 99-182. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022314

The damping of the oscillations of swinging bodies by the resistance of the air, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 44 (2) (1908), 63–88. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022396

The theory of ballistic galvanometers of long period, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 44 (11) (1909), 283–314. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022432

On the magnetic behavior of hardened cast iron and of certain tool steels at high excitations, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 44 (13) (1909), 353–364. >http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022440

On the permeabilities and the reluctivities, for very wide ranges of excitation, of normal specimens of compressed steel, Bessemer steel and Norway iron rods, Amer. J. Sci. (4) 27 (160) (1909), 273–288. http://www.ajsonline.org/content/s4-27/160/273.full.pdf

On the magnetic properties at high excitations of a remarkably pure specimen of soft Norway iron, Amer. J. Sci. (4) 28 (163) (1909), 1–8. http://www.ajsonline.org/content/s4-28/163/1.full.pdf

Biography of Joseph Lovering, National Academy of Sciences, Biographical Memoirs 6 (1909), 329–344. http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/lovering-joseph.pdf

The conception of the derivative of a scalar point function with respect to another similar function, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 45 (12) (1910), 339–352. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022553

The effect of leakage at the edges upon the temperatures within a homogeneous lamina through which heat is being conducted, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 45 (13) (1910), 355–360. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022557

The magnitude of an error which sometimes affects the results of magnetic tests upon iron and steel rings, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 46 (3) (1910), 85–93. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022609

The resistivity of hardened cast iron as a measure of its temper and of its fitness for use in permanent magnets, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 46 (8) (1910), 185–204. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022629

The magnetic permeabilities at low excitations of two kinds of very pure soft iron, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 46 (9) (1910), 207–212. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022633

The effects of sudden changes in the inductances of electric circuits as illustrative of the absence of magnetic lag and of the von Waltcnhofer phenomena in finely divided cores. Certain mechanical analogies of the electrical problems, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 46 (20) (1911), 541–585. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022677

The anomalous magnetization of iron and steel, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 47 (17) (1912), 633–670. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20022770

The maximum value of the magnetization in iron, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 49 (2) (1913), 117–146. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20025449

The demagnetizing factors of cylindrical rods in high uniform fields, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 50 (3) (1914), 53–64. (completed by John Coulson) http://www.jstor.org/stable/20025511

The influence of the magnetic characteristics of the iron core of an induction coil upon the manner of establishment of a steady current in the primary circuit, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sciences 50 (7) (1915), 149–168. (completed by John Coulson) http://www.jstor.org/stable/20025527

JOC/EFR January 2015