Beornstan of Winchester

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Beornstan
Bishop of Winchester
AppointedMay 931
Term ended1 November 934
PredecessorFrithestan
SuccessorÆlfheah I
Orders
ConsecrationMay 931
Personal details
Died1 November 934
DenominationChristian
Sainthood
Feast day4 November
Venerated inCatholic Church
CanonizedPre-Congregation

Beornstan (or Byrnstan) was an English Bishop of Winchester. He was consecrated in May 931. He died on 1 November 934.[1] After his death, he was revered as a saint.

At the start of the reign of King Æthelstan in 924, Beornstan was a member of his household, one of his mass priests, who were probably responsible for looking after his relics. Early in Æthelstan's reign, Beornstan witnessed his manumission of a slave called Ealdred. Æthelstan followed a policy of appointing members of his own circle to vacant bishoprics in Wessex. Winchester was a centre of opposition to the king under its bishop, Frithestan, and when he resigned in 931 Æthelstan took the chance to appoint Beornstan to the position. He frequently attested the king's charters, though in a lower position than his successor, Ælfheah.[2]

Beornstan died at Old Minster, Winchester, where he was probably buried. He was remembered for his humility, but his cult as a saint was said to have been due to the support of a later bishop of Winchester, Æthelwold, to whom he is supposed to have angrily complained that in heaven he was honoured equally with Birinus and Swithun, but he was neglected in Winchester. His cult never became popular.[3]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 223
  2. ^ Foot Æthelstan, pp. 65, 69, 90, 97-98, 189-90
  3. ^ Yorke "Byrnstan" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

References[edit]

  • Foot, Sarah (2011). Æthelstan: the first king of England. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12535-1.
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  • Yorke, Barbara (2004). "Byrnstan (St Byrnstan) (d. 934), bishop of Winchester". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4277. Retrieved 13 October 2012. (subscription or UK public library membership required)

External links[edit]

Christian titles
Preceded by
Frithestan
Bishop of Winchester
931–934
Succeeded by
Ælfheah I