Bertram Tracy Clayton

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Bertram Clayton
Bertram T Clayton.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1899 – March 3, 1901
Preceded byIsrael F. Fischer
Succeeded byHarry A. Hanbury
Personal details
Born(1862-10-19)October 19, 1862
Clayton, Alabama
DiedMay 30, 1918(1918-05-30) (aged 55)
Noyer, France
Cause of deathKilled in action
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Mary Elizabeth D'Aubert Clayton
Alma materUnited States Military Academy
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1886–1888
RankArmy-USA-OF-01b.svg Second lieutenant
Army-USA-OF-02.svg Captain
US-O6 insignia shaded.svg Colonel
Battles/warsSpanish–American War
World War I

Bertram Tracy Clayton (October 19, 1862 – May 30, 1918) was an American soldier and politician.


Born on the Clayton estate near Clayton, Alabama, he went on to attend the United States Military Academy, graduating in 1886 with John J. Pershing. He was then appointed a second lieutenant in the Eleventh Regiment, United States Infantry and served until April 30, 1888, when he resigned to go into business as a civil engineer. May 20, 1898 he went on to serve with Troop C, New York Volunteer Cavalry (Brooklyn's Own) during the Spanish–American War in Puerto Rico, winning distinction.

After the war, Clayton served in the House of Representatives from 1899 until 1901, representing New York's fourth district. After an unsuccessful reelection bid, he was appointed as a captain in the Regular Army. He stayed on active duty and was promoted several times up to the rank of colonel, serving in the Quartermaster Corps until World War I.

While serving in France as quartermaster of the 1st Infantry Division, Clayton was killed during a German air raid on American trenches. He was the highest ranking West Point graduate killed in action during the war. Clayton is buried at Arlington National Cemetery with his wife, Mary Elizabeth D'Aubert Clayton.

His brother, Henry De Lamar Clayton, Jr., also served as a Member of Congress from their home state, Alabama. Their father, Henry DeLamar Clayton, Sr., was a prominent judge and Major General in the Confederate army during the American Civil War and President of the University of Alabama.

See also[edit]


  • United States Congress. "Bertram Tracy Clayton (id: C000492)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Arlington National Cemetery
  • Who's Who in America
  • "Bertram Tracy Clayton". Find a Grave. Retrieved June 20, 2010.
Political offices
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Israel F. Fischer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 4th congressional district

Succeeded by
Harry A. Hanbury