Bidar Kadın

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Bidar Kadın
Bidar II. Kadınefendi Hazretleri.JPG
Born5 May 1855
Kobuleti, Georgia
Died13 December 1918(1918-12-13) (aged 63)
Erenköy Mansion, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial
Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin, Yahya Efendi Cemetery, Istanbul
Spouse
(
m. 1875; died 1918)
Issue
Full name
Turkish: Bidar Kadın
Ottoman Turkish: بیدار قادین
HouseTalhosten (by birth)
Ottoman (by marriage)
FatherTalhosten Ibrahim
MotherŞahika İffet Lortkipanidze
ReligionSunni Islam

Bidar Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: بیدار قادین‎; 5 May 1855 – 13 December 1918) was the fourth wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.[1]

Early life[edit]

Bidar Kadın was born on 5 May 1855 in Kobuleti, Georgia. She was a member of the Kabardian princely family, House of Talhosten (Kabardian: Талъостэн). Her father was Talhosten Prince Ibrahim Bey and, her mother was Princess Şahika İffet Hanım Lortkipanidze, a Georgian. She had two younger brothers named Hussein Pasha, and Mehmed Ziya Pasha (1860 – 1919), who were in service to Abdul Hamid.[2]

Marriage[edit]

Bidar married Abdul Hamid on 2 September 1875 in the Dolmabahçe Palace, when he was still a prince.[3] In late 1875, or early 1876, she became pregnant with the couple's first child. After Abdul Hamid's accession to the throne following the deposition of his elder brother Sultan Murad V, on 31 August 1876,[4] she was given the title of "Fourth Consort".[5][1]

Bidar who was pregnant at that time, gave birth to her first child, a daughter, four days later on 3 September 1876. The child was named Naime Sultan,[6] whom Abdul Hamid called "my Accession daughter."[7] In 1877, Bidar and other members of the imperial family settled in the Yıldız Palace,[8] after Abdul Hamid moved there on 7 April 1877.[9] Here she gave birth to her second child, a son, named Şehzade Mehmed Abdülkadir, on 16 January 1878.[10] In 1879, she was elevated to "Third Consort".[5]

Bidar was noted of not wanting Abdul Hamid to have relations with other women, and this made her constantly jealous of the others.[11].

On 30 September 1889, she met with the German Empress Augusta Victoria in the harem of the Yıldız Palace, when the latter visited Istanbul with her husband Emperor Wilhelm II.[12] In 1895,[5] she was elevated to "Second Consort".[1] In October 1898,[13] she again met Empress Augusta Victoria in the grand salon of the Imperial Lodge of the Yıldız Palace, when the latter visited Istanbul for a second time with her husband.[14]

On 27 April 1909, Abdul Hamid was deposed, and sent into exile in Thessaloniki.[15] Her brother Mehmed Ziya Pasha followed him. She, however, remained in Istanbul, and settled in a mansion in Erenköy.[16] After Thessaloniki fell to Greece in 1912, Abdul Hamid returned to Istanbul, and settled in the Beylerbeyi Palace.[17]

Death[edit]

Bidar Kadın died on 13 December 1918 at the age of sixty three, of a disease related to intestinal inflammation, ten months after the death of Sultan Abdul Hamid.[11] She was buried in the mausoleum of Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin, Yahya Efendi Cemetery, Istanbul.[1][18][19]

Issue[edit]

Together with Abdul Hamid, Bidar had two children:

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Uluçay 2011, p. 247.
  2. ^ Açba 2007, p. 128, 129, 132.
  3. ^ Açba 2007, p. 128.
  4. ^ Clare, Israel Smith (1885). Illustrated Universal History: Being a Clear and Concise History of All Nations. P. W. Ziegler & Company. p. 549.
  5. ^ a b c Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 674.
  6. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 285.
  7. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 159.
  8. ^ Oriental Gardens: An Illustrated History. Chronicle Books. 1992. pp. 21. ISBN 978-0-811-80132-4.
  9. ^ NewSpot, Volumes 13-24. General Directorate of Press and Information. 1999.
  10. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 277.
  11. ^ a b Bağce, Betül Kübra (2008). II. Abdulhamid kızı Naime Sultan’in Hayati. pp. 16–17.
  12. ^ Açba 2004, p. 27.
  13. ^ Hidden, Alexander W. (1912). The Ottoman Dynasty: A History of the Sultans of Turkey from the Earliest Authentic Record to the Present Time, with Notes on the Manners and Customs of the People. N. W. Hidden. p. 417.
  14. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 165, n. 9.
  15. ^ Hall, Richard C. (October 9, 2014). War in the Balkans: An Encyclopedic History from the Fall of the Ottoman Empire to the Breakup of Yugoslavia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 1–2. ISBN 978-1-610-69031-7.
  16. ^ Açba 2007, p. 128-9.
  17. ^ Parry, Milman; Lord, Albert B. (1979). Serbocroation heroic songs, Volume 1. Harvard University Press. p. 371.
  18. ^ Açba 2004, p. 53.
  19. ^ Açba 2007, p. 129.
  20. ^ Payitaht: Abdülhamid (TV Series 2017– ), retrieved 2018-09-30

Sources[edit]

  • Uluçay, M. Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.
  • Açba, Leyla (2004). Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hatıraları. L & M. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7.
  • Açba, Harun (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924. Profil. ISBN 978-9-759-96109-1.
  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu Mülkün Kadın Sultanları: Vâlide Sultanlar, Hâtunlar, Hasekiler, Kandınefendiler, Sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-6-051-71079-2.
  • The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.