Bileća

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bileća
Билећа
Town and municipality
Lake Bileća
Lake Bileća
Flag of Bileća
Flag
Official seal of Bileća
Seal
Location of Bileća within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Bileća within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 42°52′N 18°26′E / 42.867°N 18.433°E / 42.867; 18.433Coordinates: 42°52′N 18°26′E / 42.867°N 18.433°E / 42.867; 18.433
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Settlements 61 (2013.)
Government
 • Mayor Miljan Aleksić (SNSD)
 • Municipality 632.33 km2 (244.14 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Town 8,220
 • Municipality 10,807
 • Municipality density 17/km2 (44/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s) 59
Website opstinabileca.ba

Bileća (Serbian Cyrillic: Билећа) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 8,220 inhabitants, while the municipality has 10,807 inhabitants.

History[edit]

The first traces of civilization in Bileća date from the Neolithic period, although archaeological sites are insufficiently explored. The first written documentation of Bileća as an inhabited place can be found in Ragusan documents dating from 1286, when it is mentioned under the name Bilechia. Bileća is mentioned in the 14th and 15th century as an important cross road town in caravan routes. A document dated 8 September 1388, mentions that the army of duke Vlatko Vuković defeated the Turkish army at the Battle of Bileća. In the period from 13th to 16th century in the history of this area is a large number of the "stećci" monolith markers which weigh up to 5 tons. Bileća was held by the Turks from 1466, although this was a rebellious area difficult to control. Nearby lies the town of Vučji Do, in which the Battle of Vučji Do took place in 1876. The Berlin's Congress included Bileća in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which brought economic development to the region. The first primary school in Bileća was opened in 1880.

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Bileća, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194813,531—    
195314,026+0.72%
196114,125+0.09%
197113,444−0.49%
198113,199−0.18%
199113,284+0.06%
201310,807−0.93%

According to the 2013 census results, the municipality of Bileća has 10,807 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

According to the 1910 census, the absolute majority in the Bileća municipality were Orthodox Christians (82.27%). According to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1931 population census, the majority was held by Orthodox Christians 81.27%.

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

year of census total Serbs Bosniaks Croats Yugoslavs others
1971 13,444 10,880 (80.92%) 2,079 (15.46%) 82 (0.60%) 69 (0.51%) 334 (2.51%)
1981 13,199 10,190 (77.20%) 1,803 (13.66%) 44 (0.33%) 727 (5.50%) 435 (3.29%)
1991 13,284 10,628 (80.00%) 1,947 (14.65%) 39 (0.29%) 222 (1.67%) 448 (3.37%)
2013 10,807 10,628 (98.34%) 26 (0.24%) 21 (0.19%) 0.00 (0.00%) 73 (0.67%)

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registred employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[1]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 3
Mining and quarrying 1
Manufacturing 398
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 82
Distribution of water and water waste management 118
Construction 161
Wholesale and retail, repair 267
Transportation and storage 58
Hotels and restaurants 81
Information and communication 23
Finance and insurance 18
Real estate activities -
Professional, scientific and technical activities 24
Administrative and support services 4
Public administration and defence 215
Education 200
Healthcare and social work 83
Art, entertainment and recreation 37
Other service activities 29
Total 1,802

Features[edit]

People[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.