Bileća

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Bileća

Билећа
Bileća
Bileća
Flag of Bileća
Flag
Official seal of Bileća
Seal
Location of Bileća within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Bileća within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Bileća
Coordinates: 42°52′N 18°26′E / 42.867°N 18.433°E / 42.867; 18.433Coordinates: 42°52′N 18°26′E / 42.867°N 18.433°E / 42.867; 18.433
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
Settlements61 (2013.)
Government
 • Municipality presidentVeselin Vujović (SDS)
 • Municipality632.33 km2 (244.14 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Town
8,220
 • Municipality
10,807
 • Municipality density17/km2 (44/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)59
Websiteopstinabileca.ba
Bileća lake
Necropolis of stećak tombstones Bileća
Vidovdanska church Bileća

Bileća (Serbian Cyrillic: Билећа) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 7,476 inhabitants, while the municipality has 10,807 inhabitants.

History[edit]

The first traces of civilization in Bileća date from the Neolithic period, although archaeological sites are insufficiently explored. The first written documentation of Bileća as an inhabited place can be found in Ragusan documents dating from 1286, when it is mentioned under the name Bilechia. Bileća is mentioned in the 14th and 15th century as an important cross road town in caravan routes. A document dated 8 September 1388, mentions that the army of duke Vlatko Vuković defeated the Turkish army at the Battle of Bileća. In the period from 13th to 16th century in the history of this area is a large number of the "stećci" monolith markers which weigh up to 5 tons. Bileća was held by the Turks from 1466, although this was a rebellious area difficult to control. Nearby lies the town of Vučji Do, in which the Battle of Vučji Do took place in 1876. The Berlin's Congress included Bileća in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which brought economic development to the region. The first primary school in Bileća was opened in 1880.

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Bileća, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Population of settlements – Bileća municipality
Settlement 1948. 1953. 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 13,531 14.026 14,125 13,444 13,199 13,284 10,807
1 Baljci 417 293
2 Bileća 1,270 1,563 2,491 4,033 5,763 7,568 7,476
3 Podosoje 971 1,055

Ethnic composition[edit]

According to the 1910 census, the absolute majority in the Bileća municipality were Orthodox Christians (82.27%). According to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1931 population census, the majority was held by Orthodox Christians 81.27%.

Ethnic composition – Bileća town
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 7,476 (100,0%) 7,568 (100,0%) 5,763 (100,0%) 4,033 (100,0%)
Serbs 5,619 (74,25%) 3,882 (67,36%) 2,810 (69,68%)
Bosniaks 1,290 (17,05%) 841 (14,59%) 828 (20,53%)
Others 411 (5,431%) 26 (0,451%) 36 (0,893%)
Yugoslavs 209 (2,762%) 651 (11,30%) 64 (1,587%)
Croats 39 (0,515%) 42 (0,729%) 82 (2,033%)
Montenegrins 286 (4,963%) 190 (4,711%)
Macedonians 23 (0,399%) 14 (0,347%)
Albanians 7 (0,121%) 1 (0,025%)
Slovenes 5 (0,087%) 8 (0,198%)


Ethnic composition – Bileća municipality
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 10 807 (100,0%) 13,284 (100,0%) 13,199 (100,0%) 13,444 (100,0%)
Serbs 10,646 (98,51%) 10,628 (80,01%) 10 190 (77,20%) 10,880 (80,93%)
Others 114 (1,055%) 448 (3,372%) 34 (0,258%) 50 (0,372%)
Bosniaks 26 (0,241%) 1,947 (14,66%) 1,803 (13,66%) 2,079 (15,46%)
Croats 21 (0,194%) 39 (0,294%) 44 (0,333%) 82 (0,610%)
Yugoslavs 222 (1,671%) 773 (5,857%) 69 (0,513%)
Montenegrins 317 (2,402%) 261 (1,941%)
Macedonians 24 (0,182%) 14 (0,104%)
Albanians 8 (0,061%) 1 (0,007%)
Slovenes 6 (0,045%) 8 (0,060%)

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[1]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2
Mining and quarrying 1
Manufacturing 377
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 78
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 107
Construction 195
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 267
Transportation and storage 86
Accommodation and food services 81
Information and communication 25
Financial and insurance activities 18
Real estate activities -
Professional, scientific and technical activities 22
Administrative and support service activities 4
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 225
Education 193
Human health and social work activities 80
Arts, entertainment and recreation 42
Other service activities 31
Total 1,834

Features[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba. Republika Srspka Institute of Statistics. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.

External links[edit]