Billy Liar (film)
original film poster
|Directed by||John Schlesinger|
|Produced by||Joseph Janni|
|Written by||Keith Waterhouse (novel and play)|
Willis Hall (play)
|Music by||Richard Rodney Bennett|
|Edited by||Roger Cherrill|
Vic Films Productions
|Distributed by||Anglo-Amalgamated Film Distributors |
|15 August 1963 (London, West End)|
|Box office||£22,173 (USA)|
Billy Liar is a 1963 British black-and-white CinemaScope comedy-drama film based on the 1959 novel by Keith Waterhouse. Directed by John Schlesinger, it stars Tom Courtenay (who had understudied Albert Finney in the West End theatre adaptation of the novel) as Billy, and Julie Christie as Liz, one of his three girlfriends. Mona Washbourne plays Mrs. Fisher, and Wilfred Pickles plays Mr. Fisher. Rodney Bewes, Finlay Currie and Leonard Rossiter also feature. The Cinemascope photography is by Denys Coop, and Richard Rodney Bennett supplied the score.
The film belongs to the British New Wave (or "kitchen sink drama") movement, inspired by the earlier French New Wave. Characteristic of the style is a documentary/cinéma vérité feel and the use of real locations (in this case, many in the city of Bradford in Yorkshire).
The story is set in Manchester.
Billy Fisher (Tom Courtenay) lives in Yorkshire with his parents (Wilfred Pickles and Mona Washbourne) and grandmother (Ethel Griffies), and works as an undertakers' clerk overseen by the rigid Mr. Shadrack (Leonard Rossiter). Billy wishes to get away from his stifling job and family life. To escape the boredom of his humdrum existence, he constantly daydreams and fantasises, often picturing himself as the ruler and military hero of an imaginary country called Ambrosia. He also makes up stories about himself and his family, causing him to be nicknamed "Billy Liar".
He dreams of being ruler of Ambrosia. When he muses on the 270 calendars in his wardrobe, promoting Shadrack & Duxbury, the undertaker he works for, he dreams of being imprisoned in Wormwood Scrubs.
Billy has further complicated his life by proposing to two very different girls, the sheltered, virginal Barbara (Helen Fraser) and the tough, brassy Rita (Gwendolyn Watts). He has given the same engagement ring to each girl and lies constantly to get it back from one and give it to the other, eventually resulting in a family row when Rita discovers he has lied about the ring being at the jewellers. Billy also finds himself attracted to his former girlfriend Liz (Julie Christie), who has just returned to town after extensive travels. Liz is a free spirit who, unlike anyone else in town, understands and accepts Billy's imagination. However, she has more courage and confidence than Billy, as shown by her willingness to leave her home town and enjoy new and different experiences.
At work, Billy is tasked with mailing out a large shipment of advertising calendars to potential customers, but instead hides the calendars and keeps the postage money. He is eventually found out by Shadrack, who refuses to let him resign from his position until he pays back the postage money. Billy aspires to get a more interesting job as a scriptwriter for comic Danny Boon (Leslie Randall), but when Boon comes to town, he is not interested in Billy's overtures.
Under pressure, Billy ends up making dates with both Barbara and Rita to meet each one on the same night at the same local ballroom. There, the two girls discover the double engagement and begin fighting with each other. Meanwhile, Billy encounters Liz and shares a romantic interlude with her outside, during which he proposes to her and she accepts. She urges him to accompany her to London that evening, and he goes home to pack his bags, only to find his grandmother has fallen ill and been taken to hospital. Billy joins his mother at the hospital just in time to learn his grandmother has died. He then continues to the station to meet Liz, and the couple board the train, but at the last minute Billy disembarks with the excuse of buying some milk to drink on the journey. By the time he gets back to the train, it is pulling out, with an understanding Liz at the window and his suitcase left behind on the platform. Alone, Billy walks the dark deserted road back to his home, imagining himself leading the marching army of Ambrosia.
- Tom Courtenay as William Terrence 'Billy' Fisher
- Wilfred Pickles as Geoffrey Fisher
- Mona Washbourne as Alice Fisher
- Ethel Griffies as Florence, Billy's grandmother
- Finlay Currie as Duxbury
- Gwendolyn Watts as Rita
- Helen Fraser as Barbara
- Julie Christie as Liz
- Leonard Rossiter as Emanuel Shadrack
- Rodney Bewes as Arthur Crabtree
- George Innes as Stamp
- Leslie Randall as Danny Boon
- Patrick Barr as Inspector MacDonald
- Ernest Clark as Prison governor
Awards and honors
In 2004, Total Film named Billy Liar the 12th in its list of the greatest British Films of all time.
- Taylor, B. F. (2006). The British New Wave: A Certain Tendency?. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0719069093.
- Billy Liar on IMDb
- Billy Liar at AllMovie
- Billy Liar at the TCM Movie Database
- Billy Liar at Rotten Tomatoes
- Billy Liar at the BFI's Screenonline
- "Billy Liar". Reel Streets. Locations. Archived from the original on 20 June 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
Guide to filming locations
- Billy Liar an essay by Bruce Goldstein at the Criterion Collection
- Billy Liar: A Spinner of Fantasies Beset by Deep Indecision an essay by A. O. Scott at the Criterion Collection