Bosniaks in Turkey

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Bosniaks in Turkey
Türkiye'deki Boşnaklar
Total population
Unknown;
660,000–800,000 [1]
110,000–2,000,000 [2]
Regions with significant populations
Marmara Region, Aegean Region
Languages
Bosnian, Turkish
Religion
Sunni Islam
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Bosniaks
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1998).svg

Bosniaks in Turkey refers to citizens of Turkey who are, or descend from, ethnic Bosniak people, originating in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sandžak and other former Yugoslav republics.

The Bosniak community in Turkey has its origins predominantly in the exodus of Bosniaks from the Bosnia Eyalet taking place in the 19th and early 20th century as result of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire's rule in the Balkans. According to estimates commissioned in 2008 by the National Security Council of Turkey (Milli Güvenlik Kurulu) as many as 2,000,000 Turkish citizens are of Bosniak ancestry.[3] Bosniaks mostly live in the Marmara Region which is in other words the north-west Turkey. The biggest Bosniak community in Turkey is in Istanbul. Yenibosna is a borough, located on the western part of the Istanbul district of Bahçelievler, bordering with the neighbor district Küçükçekmece. The district saw rapid migration from the former Ottoman Empire after the founding of the Republic of Turkey.[4] The origin of the borough's name comes from the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo. The settlement was initially named Saraybosna, which is the Turkish equivalent of Sarajevo, before it was renamed Yenibosna with the formation of the Republic of Turkey.

There are notable Bosniak communities in İzmir, Karamürsel, Yalova, Bursa and Edirne.

Numbers[edit]

Bosnian-speaking population in Turkey[5]
Year As first language As second language Total Turkey's population % of Total speakers
1935 24,615 13,526 38,141 16,157,450 0.24
1945 10,900 9,599 20,499 18,790,174 0.11
1950 24,013 0 24,013 20,947,188 0.11
1955 11,844 12,669 24,513 24,064,763 0.10
1960 14,570 37,526 52,096 27,754,820 0.19
1965 17,627 39,589 52,209 31,391,421 0.18

In the census of 1965, those who spoke Bosnian as first language were proportionally most numerous in Kocaeli (1.2%), Sakarya (0.7%), Kırklareli (0.4%) and Izmir (0.2%).

There are currently an estimated 106,000 Turkish citizens identifying as Bosniaks;[6] however, an article published in Milliyet in 2008 suggests that there may be as high as 2 million people of Bosniak descent in Turkey, with high concentrations living in Adapazarı, Izmir, and Manisa.[7]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mrduljaš, Saša (2018-11-07). "BROJ BOŠNJAKA IZ BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE U TURSKOJ". https://hrcak.srce.hr/233748. Retrieved 2020-05-11. External link in |website= (help)
  2. ^ Milliyet (2008-06-06). "Türkiye'deki Kürtlerin sayısı!". Milliyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-05-05.
  3. ^ Milliyet (2008-06-06). "Türkiye'deki Kürtlerin sayısı!". Milliyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-05-05.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2017-04-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Fuat Dündar, Türkiye Nüfus Sayımlarında Azınlıklar, 2000
  6. ^ Joshua Project (2010-04-13). "Bosniak of Turkey Ethnic People Profile". Joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  7. ^ Milliyet (2008-06-06). "Türkiye'deki Kürtlerin sayısı!". Milliyet.com.tr. Retrieved 2013-05-05.
  8. ^ Ervin Qafmolla (19 July 2016). "Alleged Coup Leader in Turkey 'Born in Kosovo' :: Balkan Insight" (.html). Balkaninsight.com. Retrieved 21 July 2016.