John Bradshaw Crandell
|Died||January 25, 1966 (aged 69)|
|Parent(s)||Hubert Lee Crandell|
Bradshaw Crandell (June 14, 1896 – January 25, 1966) was an American artist and illustrator. He was known as the "artist of the stars". Among those who posed for Crandell were Carole Lombard, Bette Davis, Judy Garland, Veronica Lake and Lana Turner. In 1921 he began his career with an ad for Lorraine hair nets sold exclusively by F. W. Woolworth. His first cover illustration was the May 28, 1921 issue for the humor magazine Judge. In later life he went from illustrations to oil-on-canvas paintings which included political figures. He also provided poster work for 20th Century Fox. In 2006 he was inducted into the Society of Illustrators hall of fame. In March 2010, an illustration for the 1952 Dutch Treat Club yearbook of Crandell's sold for $17,000.
John Bradshaw Crandell was born in Glens Falls, New York in 1896, son of Hubert Lee and Vira (Mills) Crandell. Hubert's grandfather, born Peter Crandall, thought "the better way to spell the last name was Crandell instead of the original spelling used by the immigrant ancestor, Elder John Crandall. Crandell attended classes at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago but did not graduate. Instead he enrolled in Wesleyan University and again did not graduate. His 1918 World War I draft registration card noted he was a student. The twelfth general catalog of the Psi Upsilon fraternity lists him under the Xi Chapter for the year 1919 (from Wesleyan).
Crandall's career took off in 1921 with a contract for the cover of Judge magazine. Although he began his business as John Bradshaw Crandell Studios in 1925, he dropped his first name by 1935. He was known as a "glamour" artist and not necessarily a "pin-up" artist; however, he did have rather risque work, such as the two nude water nymphs and a nude cover for the Dutch Treat Club. In the 1950s, Crandall moved from illustrations to oil and portraits.
Some of Crandell's work is on display in Vanderbilt Hall, a mansion hotel in Newport, Rhode Island owned by Peter de Savary. Phyllis Brown often graced the covers of Cosmopolitan and she was a well sought after model. An incident is told that Gerald Ford suggested the future Mrs. Betty Ford meet with two of his favorite friends when he heard of a trip she made to New York. Those friends being Mr. and Mrs. Bradshaw Crandell; however, when Phyllis arrived or as the future first lady put it later "In she slinked, Jerry's model" (Jerry had dated Phyllis) in a low cut very revealing outfit and then had the audacity to steal her escort. Both Crandell and Ford were innocent of any wrongdoing, though, as Phyllis admitted it was all her idea.
The following is a partial list of some of Crandell's works and is by no means exhaustive:
- 1921: F. W. Woolworth's ad for Lorraine hair nets
- 1921, 1937: Chesterfield ad
- 1921: Judge (magazine) cover
- 1924-7: Collier's cover
- 1925-6: The Designer cover
- 1926-8, 1934-5, 1937: Saturday Evening Post cover
- 1926, 1928: Modern Priscilla cover
- 1927, 1931-2: Physical Culture cover
- 1928: Mazola Oil ad
- 1929: Cudahy's Puritan Bacon ad
- 1929: The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company (A&P) ad
- 1930: College Humor cover
- 1930: Life cover
- c 1930: Old Gold cigarette ad
- 1931: Schrafft's candy ad
- 1931, 1933: Farmer's Wife cover
- 1932: Gerlack-Barklow calendars
- 1933: The American Magazine cover
- 1933: Palmolive soap ad
- 1935-1940, 1944-6: Cosmopolitan cover
- 1936: Buick ad
- 1938: Coca-Cola serving tray
- 1939: Lucky Strike calendar ad
- 1940: Pabst beer ad
- 1941: American Red Cross poster ad
- 1941-1944: John Player & Sons Cigarette ads
- 1943: Pontiac ads (honoring all arms and services of the fighting forces)
- 1943: Women's Army Corps recruiting poster
- 1944: Tangee face powder ad
- 1948: Edgeworth pipe tobacco ad
- 1949: Lord Calvert whiskey ad
- unknown: Redbook only editorial or story illustration per Crandell himself
Portraits, memorials, and other works
- Lana Turner
- Susan Hayward
- Judy Garland
- Veronica Lake
- Carole Lombard
- Bette Davis
- Olivia de Havilland
- Rosemary Lane, one of the Lane Sisters
- Gloria Callen
- Joan Bennett
- Joan Fontaine
- Anne Baxter
- Betty Hutton
- Jennifer Jones
- Lucille Ball
- Helen Twelvetrees
- James Montgomery Flagg fellow artist who gave us the popular Uncle Sam poster of "We Want You for US Army"
- "The Society of Illustrators: Hall of Fame Inductee Bradshaw Crandell". New York City: Society of Illustrators. c. 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
- The Vintager  Retrieved 14 September 2010
- John Cortland Crandall, compiler "Elder John Crandall and his descendants", self-published, New Woodstock, New York, 1949.
- Psi Upsilon Fraternity (1917). The twelfth general catalogue of the Psi Upsilon Fraternity. The fraternity. p. 484.
- "Then & Now: Gerlach-Barklow Co". Joliet Herald News. 2011-12-04. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
- James M. Cannon (1998). Time and Chance: Gerald Ford's Appointment With History. p. 48. ISBN 978-0-472-08482-1.
- Cannon, James M. (1998). Time and chance: Gerald Ford's appointment with history. University of Michigan Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-472-08482-1.
- Wisconsin Historical Museum