Braintree (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Braintree in Essex
Location of Essex within England
|Population||97,840 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||72,064 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Braintree, Halstead|
|Member of Parliament||James Cleverly (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
- 1 History
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 4 Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 External links
The seat was created for the February 1974 general election, largely from the majority of the constituency of Maldon, including the towns of Braintree and Witham. It underwent a major redistribution for the 2010 general election when Witham was formed as a separate constituency. This resulted in making the seat safer for the Conservatives.
The former Leader of the House Tony Newton held the seat for the Conservatives from its creation in 1974 until 1997 when Alan Hurst defeated Newton to gain the seat for Labour. Brooks Newmark defeated Hurst in 2005 to regain the seat for the Conservatives, and held it until he stood down and was succeeded by James Cleverly, also a Conservative.
The constituency includes the town of Braintree at its southern end, and a large area of rural Essex to the north.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1974—1983: The Urban Districts of Braintree and Bocking, and Witham, the Rural District of Braintree, and the civil parishes of Boreham, Broomfield, Chignall, Good Easter, Great and Little Leighs, Great Waltham, Little Waltham, Mashbury, Pleshey, Roxwell, Springfield, and Writtle in the Rural District of Chelmsford.
Formed largely from the existing constituency of Maldon. The northern part of the Rural District of Chelmsford was transferred from the Constituency of Chelmsford and a small part of the Rural District of Braintree was previously in Saffron Walden.
1983—1997: The District of Braintree wards of Black Notley, Bocking North, Bocking South, Braintree Central, Braintree East, Braintree West, Coggeshall, Cressing, Hatfield Peverel, Kelvedon, Panfield, Rayne, Terling, Three Fields, Witham Central, Witham Chipping Hill, Witham North, Witham Silver End and Rivenhall, Witham South, and Witham West, and the Borough of Chelmsford wards of Broomfield and Chignall, Good Easter Mashbury and Roxwell, Great and Little Leighs and Little Waltham, Great Waltham and Pleshey, and Writtle.
The Boreham and Springfield ward of Chelmsford Borough was transferred to the constituency of Chelmsford.
1997—2010: The District of Braintree wards of Black Notley, Bocking North, Bocking South, Braintree Central, Braintree East, Braintree West, Coggeshall, Cressing, Earls Colne, Gosfield, Hatfield Peveril, Kelvedon, Panfield, Rayne, Terling, Three Fields, Witham Central, Witham Chipping Hill, Witham North, Witham Silver End and Rivenhall, Witham South, and Witham West.
2010—present: The District of Braintree wards of Bocking Blackwater, Bocking North, Bocking South, Braintree Central, Braintree East, Braintree South, Bumpstead, Cressing and Stisted, Gosfield and Greenstead Green, Great Notley and Braintree West, Halstead St Andrews, Halstead Trinity, Hedingham and Maplestead, Panfield, Rayne, Stour Valley North, Stour Valley South, The Three Colnes, Three Fields, Upper Colne, and Yeldham.
The 2010 redistribution saw a major change, with southern and western areas, including the town of Witham, forming the basis of the new County Constituency of Witham. Extended northwards, gaining the District of Braintree wards previously in Saffron Walden, including the town of Halstead.
Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
The Commission has recommended that the constituency be extended southwards, gaining rural areas from the abolished constituency of Witham, whilst four rural wards in the west would be transferred to Saffron Walden.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Tony Newton||Conservative||Leader of the House of Commons 1992—97. Defeated at 1997 general election|
|1997||Alan Hurst||Labour||Defeated at the 2005 general election|
|2005||Brooks Newmark||Conservative||Retired at the 2015 general election|
|2015||James Cleverly||Conservative||Chairman of the Conservative Party & Minister without portfolio (2019-present)|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Dominic Graham||4,779||9.5||5.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Turner||2,251||4.3||0.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Matthew Klesel||2,488||4.9||13.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Steve Jarvis||9,247||18.8||5.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Turner||7,037||13.3||2.0|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||4.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Turner||5,664||11.3||0.3|
|Legalise Cannabis||Michael Nolan||774||1.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Trevor K. Ellis||6,418||11.6||9.1|
|Referendum||Nicholas P. Westcott||2,165||3.9||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||12.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Diana P. Wallis||13,603||20.7||5.8|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Inigo Bing||16,121||26.5||2.1|
|Social Democratic||Inigo Bing||16,021||28.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Braintree: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Will Lodge, "Election 2015: Conservatives extend lead in Braintree as James Cleverly takes over as MP", East Anglian Daily Times, 8 May 2015
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
- 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents September 2018 (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Boundary Commission for England. Archived from the original on 2019-02-15.
- "Braintree 1974-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)
- "Statement of persons nominated and notice of poll", Acting Returning Officer, Causeway House, Bocking End, Braintree, Essex, 14 November 2019, archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2019
- "Braintree Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated". Braintree District Council. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Braintree". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Political Science Resources - Braintree 1997 & 2001
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Braintree — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.