Bubna of Litic
Originally members of lower nobility (vladyka) from the castle of Buben in western Bohemia. The house rose to prominence following the acquisition of the Litice Castle in 1562. The castles of Doudleby and Žamberk were built by Mikuláš the elder of Bubna at the end of the 16th century and became the family seat. However, the house is mentioned in historical records dating back to the late 14th century. Allegedly, there are mentions of the name in the 12th century. In 1415 two family lines emerged, the Warlich of Bubna and the Bubna of Litic.
The Bohemian Revolt (1618–1620) had a mixed influence on the house and resulted in loss of property. Jan Varlich of Bubna (?-1636) was forced to flee the country with the Winter King Frederick V. However, a different part of the house was later granted the title of count. The Coat of Arms of the Counts of Bubna-Litic depicts a drum (Czech: Buben) and a lion with a King's crown which represented allegiance to Emperor Ferdinand II. The lion is connected to the family legend which describes Heřman of Bubna as a traveler who found himself a fellow lion.
The counts of Bubna increased their lands and were arguably most prosperous in the 18th century. Several castles and churches were built in this era. Nevertheless, due to debt the house lost most of its property in 1809. The political influence of the family ended with the abolition of aristocratic titles in 1918. The last important role was in the Protectorate when Mikuláš of Bubna-Litic was a minister in the government of Alois Eliáš. Aristocracy was persecuted after the Communist 1948 coup d'état.
- Jan Varlich of Bubna, General-Wachtmeister of the Bohemian Estates army during the Bohemian Revolt. Conspired with Jindřich Matyáš Thurn and Albrecht von Wallenstein.
- Jindřich Jan (1596-1653), was the first to hold the Count title.
- Heřman of Bubna, according to the legend was accompanied on his journeys by a loyal lion. He is portrayed next to George of Poděbrady across the National Gallery building in Holešovice. Because he used to own the lands there a nearby street Heřmanova is named after him.
- Ferdinand, Graf Bubna von Littitz (1768-1825), field marshal lieutenant of the Imperial Austrian Army, liberator of Geneva in 1813. Austrian commander and diplomat in the Napoleonic Wars.
- Mikuláš Bubna-Litic (1897-1954), Minister of Agriculture in the Nazi-occupied Czechoslovakia. Played a role in reducing the damage to Czechoslovakia.
The properties of the House of Bubna-Litic are mainly located in the Pardubice Region. Only the Castle of Doudleby and Horní Jelení remain in the family today. Throughout history the family is known to have held:
- Castle of Buben
- Litice Castle
- Žamberk castle
- Doudleby nad Orlicí castle
- Kokořín castle
- Horní Jelení
- Some houses in Celetná in Prague
- "Malované Holešovice".
- "V Zámrsku si připomněli slavného rodáka Ferdinanda Bubnu".
- "History of War: Field Marshal Ferdinand Bubna, Graf von Litic, 1768-1826".
- Glassheim, Eagle (2005). Noble Nationalists: The Transformation of the Bohemian Aristocracy. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674018891.