2011 Bulgarian presidential election

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2011 Bulgarian presidential election

← 2006 23 October 2011 (first round)
30 October 2011 (second round)
2016 →
Turnout52.3% (1st round), 48.3% (2nd)
  BG President Rosen Plevneliev.JPG Ivailo-Kalfin-Bulgaria-MIP-Europaparlament-by-Leila-Paul-2.jpg
Nominee Rosen Plevneliev Ivaylo Kalfin
Running mate Margarita Popova Stefan Danailov
Popular vote 1,698,136 1,531,193
Percentage 52.6% 47.4%

President before election

Georgi Parvanov

Elected President

Rosen Plevneliev

A presidential election was held in Bulgaria on 23 October 2011, with a runoff held on 30 October 2011. No candidate won outright in the first round, resulting in a second round runoff between the eventual winner, Rosen Plevneliev of GERB, and Ivaylo Kalfin of the Bulgarian Socialist Party.[1]


There are 18 registered candidates.[2] Rosen Plevneliev, Ivaylo Kalfin, and Meglena Kuneva were expected to have the best chance of reaching the second round.[3] The candidates are:[4]

Party Presidential candidate Vice presidential candidate
Blue Coalition Rumen Hristov Emmanuel Yordanov
Bulgarian Agrarian National Union Nikolay Nenchev Zheko Ivanov
Bulgarian Democratic Unity Andrey Chorbanov Angel Mirchev
Bulgarian Socialist Party Ivaylo Kalfin Former Culture Minister Stefan Danailov
GERB Rosen Plevneliev Justice Minister Margarita Popova
IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement Krasimir Karakachanov Daniela Dimitrova
Initiative committee Meglena Kuneva Lyubomir Hristov
Initiative committee Dimitar Kutsarov Kamelia Todorova
Initiative committee Aleksey Petrov Nikolai Georgiev
Initiative committee Nikolay Vassilev Vladimir Savov
Initiative committee Svetoslav Vitkov Ventsislav Mitsov
Initiative committee Ventsislav Yosifov Vladimir Slavov
National Front for Salvation of Bulgaria Stefan Solakov Galina Vasileva
National Movement Unity Sali Ibrayim Valentina Gotseva
Attack Volen Siderov Pavel Shopov
Order, Law and Justice Atanas Semov Polya Stancheva
Party for the People of the Nation Pavel Chernev Anelia Dimitrova
United People's Party Maria Kapon Nikolay Kisyov

Opinion polls[edit]

First round[edit]

  Qualifying for the second round
Pollster Date Plevneliev Kalfin Kuneva Siderov Hristov Semov Karakachanov Vitkov Others
Alpha Rissourch[permanent dead link] 20.09.2011 22.9 14 11.1 2.4 2.4 1.5 1.3 0.6 43.8
TSAM[permanent dead link] 12.10.2016 30.8 16.1 9.8 2.3 3.1 0.3 1.5 0 36.1
Alpha Rissorch[permanent dead link] 21.10.2011 21.5 16.4 9.5 3.8 2.2 0.9 0.7 0 45


e • d Summary of the 2011 Bulgarian presidential election results:
Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Rosen Plevneliev GERB 1,349,380 40.11 1,698,136 52.58
Ivaylo Kalfin Bulgarian Socialist Party 974,300 28.96 1,531,193 47.42
Meglena Kuneva Initiative committee 470,808 14.00
Volen Siderov Attack 122,466 3.64
Stefan Solakov National Front for Salvation of Bulgaria 84,205 2.50
Rumen Hristov Union of Democratic Forces 65,761 1.95
Atanas Semov Order, Law and Justice 61,797 1.84
Svetoslav Vitkov Initiative committee 54,125 1.61
Sali Ibrayim National Movement Unity 41,837 1.24
Krasimir Karakachanov IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement 33,236 0.99
Aleksey Petrov Initiative committee 31,613 0.94
Maria Kapon United People's Party 30,665 0.91
Nikolay Nenchev Bulgarian Agrarian National Union 9,827 0.29
Pavel Chernev Party for the People of the Nation 8,081 0.24
Ventsislav Yosifov Initiative committee 7,021 0.21
Dimitar Kutsarov Initiative committee 6,989 0.21
Andrey Chorbanov Bulgarian Democratic Unity 6,340 0.19
Nikolay Vasilev Initiative committee 5,633 0.17
Total valid votes 3,364,084 100 3,229,329 100
Invalid/blank votes 229,844 6.40 104,837 3.14
Votes cast 3,593,928 100 3,334,166 100
Registered voters/turnout 6,873,589 52.29 6,910,491 48.25
Source: Electoral Commission of Bulgaria[dead link]

Two in one elections[edit]

The presidential elections were held in conjunction with local elections, saving the country BGN 8 million according to the finance minister Simeon Djankov.[5] The move to have "2 in 1" elections drew criticism from the US Ambassador in Sofia, James Warlick, who said that the move led to poor administration during the elections.[6]


MPs interfering with the ballot count[edit]

Two GERB MPs were photographed at the Sofia electoral commission amid the chaos that erupted at the Sofia commission right after the first round of presidential and local elections.[7] These two MPs were not authorized to be present at the electoral commission at that time: an offence under Bulgarian law. One of the GERB MPs, Stanislav Ivanov, was photographed carrying a large bag around the Sofia Electoral Commission building. This bag was presumably full of ballots.[7] The Central Electoral Commission held a meeting on the case but failed to reach a decision, because voting could not reach the required 2/3 majority.[7]

Universiada Hall crisis[edit]

Members of electoral committees were held without rest or sleep for 30 to 34 hours.[citation needed] Universiada Hall was not aired, was stunningly cold and members of committees were not given food and water, and not allowed to go outside the Hall to buy such.[citation needed] Journalists and observers were not allowed in Universiada Hall and a large region around it was slipped off with police until the next day late afternoon and early evening.[citation needed]

In the day of the elections and day after one member of Municipal Committee in Varna died, six ambulances arrived at Universiada Hall to assist fainted committee members,[citation needed] while the number of fainted man and women, and those suffering health problems during and after elections is not known, according to witnesses people were fainting in the Hall and at the queues for delivering elections protocols, and in the first lines at the committee members meeting in Universiada people were in constant fainted and wakening cycles condition because of lack of air, cold, malnutrition and exhausture.[8]

People slept on floor, on bags with bulletins[citation needed] and even some left Universiada Hall unlawfully with taking the bulletins with themselves at home because of the poor conditions.[citation needed]

In the first announcement of the situation no politician or Central Committee member expressed any sorry or apology for it and party GERB said that the reason of this was the one-hour delay of the starting of the electoral day but in fact the starting of the electoral day was marked by no voters in the first 2 hours, while people was arriving at sections to vote around 8 am.[citation needed]

After the scandal of the situation of people still at Universiada Hall sparked in media, it was announced that committee members held there will receive 60 lv or 30 Euro more as a compensation for the long hours stay.[citation needed]

International statements[edit]

The PACE delegation noted that whilst the election was conducted in a generally orderly and peaceful way, there remained concerns about a lack of an equal access to the media, blurred distinctions between newspaper editorials and political advertisements, the lack of a dedicated voter roll and the candidate registration system which particularly affected independent candidates. PACE also recommended that voting for expatriate Bulgarians should be improved.[9] The OCSE delegation also noted concerns about the blurred lines in media coverage, as well as vote-buying allegations, restrictions on using minority languages in campaigns, and inflammatory statements by some candidates.[10]


  1. ^ Bulgarian ruling party candidate leads in presidential vote Archived October 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Business Week, 24 October 2011
  2. ^ Candidate lists for President and Vice President of the Republic of Bulgaria Archived 2011-10-26 at the Wayback Machine Electoral Commission of Bulgaria (in Bulgarian)
  3. ^ Leading MEP runs for Bulgarian presidency Archived July 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Eurative, 19 July 2011
  4. ^ GERB's Plevneliev has narrow lead in tight presidential race - poll The Sofia Echo, 18 September 2011
  5. ^ "Bulgaria's '2 in 1' Elections Spared BGN 8 M - FinMin". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  6. ^ "US Ambassador: Elections in Bulgaria Were Not Administered Well". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  7. ^ a b c "Bulgaria Election Body Fails to Censure Ruling Party MPs for Interfering with Elections". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  8. ^ Video was broadcast in Bulgarian televisions where at the meeting of committee members in Universiada people are scanning 'mafia' because of the conditions Universiada Hall - BGNES, elections 2011 (video), YouTube, October 24, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-26
  9. ^ Bulgaria’s 2011 elections efficiently run, but with shortcomings – PACE The Sofia Echo, 24 October 2011
  10. ^ OSCE positive about Bulgarian election but worried by vote-buying, media coverage The Sofia Echo, 25 October 2011

External links[edit]