Butter chicken

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Butter chicken
Chicken makhani.jpg
Butter chicken
Alternative namesMurgh makhani
Place of originIndia
Region or statePunjab[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]
Created byKundan Lal Gujral[8] and Kundan Lal Jaggi
Main ingredientsButter, tomatoes, chicken
VariationsPaneer makhani, dal makhani

Butter chicken curry or murg makhani (pronounced [mʊrg ˈmək.kʰə.ni]) is a curry of chicken in a spiced tomato, butter and cream sauce. It originated in India as a curry.

History and cuisine[edit]

The curry was developed in 1947 by the founders of the Baba Chicken restaurant in Punjab, India.[1][9] The curry was made "by chance" by mixing leftover chicken in a tomato gravy, rich in butter and cream.[10] In 1974, a recipe was published for "Murgh Makhani (Tandoori chicken cooked in butter and tomato sauce)". In 1975, the English phrase "butter chicken" curry first appeared in print, as a specialty of the house at Gaylord Indian restaurant in Manhattan.[11] In Australia and New Zealand, it is also eaten as a pie filling.[12][13][14] The curry is common in India and many other countries.[15][16][17][18][19]


Chicken is marinated in curry for several hours in a mixture of lemon juice, dahi (yogurt), Kashmiri red chili, salt, garam masala and ginger garlic paste.

The curry chicken is usually cooked in a tandoor (traditional clay oven), but may be grilled, roasted, or pan-fried. It is served in a mild curry sauce that includes butter. The sauce is a tomato- and garlic and ginger-based sauce that is simmered until smooth and much of the water has evaporated. There are many variations on the composition and spicing of the sauce, which is sieved so that it is velvety smooth. Spices may include cardamom, cumin, cloves, cinnamon, coriander, pepper, garam masala and fenugreek (Punjabi/Hindi: kasuri methi). Cream may be used in the sauce or as a garnish. Cashew paste may be used as a thickener and it is finally garnished with coriander.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Partition brought Moti Mahal, a landmark in India's culinary history, to central Delhi". www.sunday-guardian.com. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Delhi's original butter chicken – The Hindustan Times". Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  3. ^ Laura Siciliano-Rosen (13 January 2014). "Delhi Food and Travel Guide: The inside scoop on the best North Indian foods".
  4. ^ Gujral, Monish (7 March 2013). On the Butter Chicken Trail: A Delhi Darbar Cookbook (1.0 ed.). Delhi, India: Penguin India. ISBN 9780143419860.
  5. ^ Hosking, Richard (8 August 2006). Authenticity in the kitchen : proceedings of the Oxford Symposium on food and cookery 2005 (1 ed.). Blackawton: Prospect Books. p. 393. ISBN 9781903018477.
  6. ^ "Origin of Butter Chicken – Indian or English?". Indian Street Food Co. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  7. ^ http://www.hospitalitybizindia.com/detailNews.aspx?aid=27842&sid=44
  8. ^ "Recipe: Chef Monish Gujral shares the knowhow of their famed Signature Butter Chicken". www.indulgexpress.com.
  9. ^ Laura Siciliano-Rosen (13 January 2014). "Delhi Food and Travel Guide: The inside scoop on the best North Indian foods".
  10. ^ "What If Kundan Lal Hadn't Hit Upon Butter Chicken?". Outlook India. August 14, 2004. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
  11. ^ Shelhart, John D.; Cobleigh, Ira U.; Bacon, Norman (1975). "Manhattan Menus".
  12. ^ Angela Saurine (2015-05-26). "The best pies in Sydney and regional NSW revealed". The Daily Telegraph.
  13. ^ Rob Broadfield (2017-11-18). "Rob Broadfield: Taste testing Mrs Mac's new Perth Stadium range of pies". The West Australian.
  14. ^ "New vegan pie awards and the changing taste of a Kiwi classic". New Zealand Herald. 2018-09-28.
  15. ^ "India's most popular curry: Butter chicken". Food. 22 August 2018. Retrieved 2019-04-15.
  16. ^ "How Did Butter Chicken Become Synonymous With Delhi?". HuffPost India. 30 May 2017. Retrieved 2019-04-15.
  17. ^ Karon Liu (13 August 2019). "How butter chicken roti became a Toronto classic". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  18. ^ Laurie Wilson (11 August 2018). "What Is the Difference Between Authentic and American Indian Food?". Chowhound. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  19. ^ Anjum Anand (21 April 2010). "Sweet and murky: the British curry". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 January 2020.