City and municipality
Ruins of the city after its occupation
|Elevation||569 m (1,867 ft)|
|• Total||Currently uninhabited|
Pre-war population was 6,070
|Time zone||UTC+4 (AZT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+5 (AZT)|
The name of Jabrayil was taken from the name of the village Jabrayil that was the centre of the region. Father Jabrayil, who was the founder of the village Jabrayil, was one of the closes of the ruler by name Sultan Ahmed who lived in the 8th century and the territories between Zuyaret Mountain and the river Araz belonged to Father Jabrayil and his sons.
Jabrail was made part of Dzhebrail Uyezd of the Russian Empire in 1868. According to the census held in 1897, the population of the Uyezd was 66,360, of which 49,189 were Turko-Tatars (nowadays known as Azerbaijanis), 15,746 were Armenians, 398 were Kurds, 893 were Russians and other minorities. Cəbrayıl itself, was a village with a population of 520, of which 228 were Armenians, 186 were Turko-Tatars (Azerbaijanis), and 76 were Russians.
First Nagorno-Karabakh War and aftermath (1993-2020)
The city was occupied on 23 August 1993 by the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh, and remained a ghost town during its occupation. It was renamed Jrakan (Ջրական), and also called Mekhakavan (Մեխակավան) and was part of Hadrut Province during the Armenian occupation.
2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war
In the context of the war, on 4 October 2020, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev announced that the Azerbaijani Armed Forces had taken control of the city following a day-long battle, however, Shushan Stepanyan, the Press Secretary of the Minister of Defence of Armenia denied this. On 5 October, the President of the self-proclaimed Artsakh Arayik Harutyunyan claimed that he had visited the city. However on 9 October 2020, footage was released of the Azerbaijani army raising the flag of Azerbaijan in the centre of the city. on 17 October 2020, Euronews reporters confirmed that the Azerbaijani army was in control of the city.
The press accompanying President Ilham Aliyev on a visit to recently recaptured Jabrayil on November 2020 reported that except for a newly built military unit, no building was left intact since the occupation of the city in 1993.
- Jamil Ahmadov – Hero of the Soviet Union.
- Teymur Guliyev – Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars (1937–1953) and the Council of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR (1953–1954).
- Ramil Safarov – An Azerbaijani army officer convicted of murdering an Armenian soldier in Hungary.
- "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу". Demoscope.ru (in Russian). 1989. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
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- Первая всеобщая перепись населения Российской Империи, 1897 г. т.63 Елисаветопольская губерния. Н.А.Тройницкий, С.-Петербург, 1904. стр. 138
- "ДЖЕБРАИЛЬСКИЙ УЕЗД (1926 г.)" [Jabrayil Uyezd (1926)]. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- "As fighting rages, what is Azerbaijan's goal?". Eurasianet.org. 4 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
- "'This Is A Different War': Nagorno-Karabakh Refugee Shudders At Video Showing Neighbors' Execution". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. 30 October 2020. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
- "Armenian company: Employee dies, others wounded after blast near storage room in Karabakh's Martuni". news.am. 26 October 2020. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
- "Cəbrayıl şəhərində Azərbaycan Bayrağı dalğalanır - VİDEO" (in Azerbaijani). Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan. 9 October 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- "President Ilham Aliyev: "Azerbaijani Army liberates Jabrayil city and several villages of the region"". APA.az. 4 October 2020. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
"Today, the Azerbaijani army liberated the city of Jabrayil and several villages in the region. Love to the Azerbaijani army! Karabakh is Azerbaijan!", President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev wrote this on his Twitter page today, APA reports.
- Քիչ անց կներկայացնենք փախուստ Մատաղիսից վավերագրությունը․ Շուշան Ստեփանյան, Armenian Public Radio, 4 October 2020
- Fighting spirit of the boys and the confidence in victory are just contagious. The self-proclaimed Artsakh rep. President / 1 Lurer, 5 October 2020
- "Флаг Азербайджана развевается на освобожденных территориях Джебраила" (in Russian). 9 October 2020.
- Euronews по-русски. Съемочная группа Euronews побывала в городе Джебраиле
- Caspian News, 19 Nov 2020
- "Ахмедов Джамил Мамед оглы". Heroes of the country.
- "Кулиев Теймур Имам Кули оглы". Справочник по истории Коммунистической партии и Советского Союза 1898 - 1991.