COVID-19 pandemic in Bihar
|COVID-19 pandemic in Bihar|
Map of districts with confirmed cases (as of 8 August 2020)
|First outbreak||Wuhan , China|
|Arrival date||22 March 2020 |
(4 months, 2 weeks and 3 days)
|Confirmed cases||62,031 (4 August 2020)|
|Recovered||40,760 (4 August 2020)|
|349 (4 August 2020)|
|Official website |
The first case of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Indian state of Bihar was reported in Munger on 22 March 2020. A 38-year-old who was confirmed positive for coronavirus, was also its first victim. He had travel history to Qatar. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has confirmed a total of 62,031 cases as of 4 August 2020, including 20,922 active cases, 349 deaths and 40,760 recoveries. The virus has spread in 38 districts of the state, of which Patna has the highest number of cases.
The state is under lockdown since 25 March. The state government has responded to the outbreak by following a contact-tracing, testing, and home to home surveillance model. Bihar Government faces much criticism related to migrant workers and students studying in Kota.
The state has begun witnessing a spike in the number of COVID-19 cases as the migrant workers and many people of Bihar stranded in other parts of the country returned to Bihar. Many of them tested positive for coronavirus when they were in quarantine in the respective quarantine centers of the state.
Bihar's total fatality rate due to COVID-19 is likely to be lowest in the country with respect to other states having a similar number of cases. And Bihar average recovery rate 76, is also better than national average recovery rate.
Initially, due to less international travel to Bihar, it reported fewer cases than other states, but once the travel ban lifted and due to the return of migrant laborers and student Bihar has witnessed in the spike of cases.
- Bihar reported its first case on 22 March 2020.
- Bihar reported its 100 cases on 20 April 2020. It took almost 1 month to reach the 100th case.
- Bihar reported 1000 cases on 14 May 2020.
- Bihar reported 5000 cases on 8 June 2020.
- Bihar reported 5000 recoveries on 19 June 2020.
- Bihar reported 10000 cases on 01 July 2020.
- On 10 July, Bihar reported 10,000 recovery mark.
- Highest number of cases reported on 27 April. The total new cases reported were 69.
- Up to 27 April total home screened by health workers is 7459917.
- On 28 April total 19 new cases reported and 7 recovered.
- On 28 April Corona spread to 27 districts including 2 new districts.
- Total testing done till 28 April is 19790.
- Till 28 April total 6 Government lab is functional for testing in Bihar. Four labs in Patna and 1 lab each in Muzaffarpur and Darbhanga.
- On 29 April total 26 new cases reported and 1 recovered. Corona spread to two more districts.
- On 30 April total 22 new cases reported and a total of 19 people recovered.
- On 1 May total 41 new cases, 1 death, and 14 patient recovered reported, and corona spread to one more district(katihar).
- On 2 May total 16 new cases, 1 death, and 26 people recovered.
- On 3 May total 35 new cases, 7 people recovered and corona spread to one more district(Sheohar).
- On 4 May total 8 new cases, 5 people recovered.
- On 5 May total 7 new cases, 33 people recovered.
- On 6 May total 7 new cases, 28 people recovered.
- On 7 May total 8 new cases, 58 people recovered and corona spread to one more district.
- On 8 May total 19 news cases, 49 people recovered Corona spread to 4 new districts(supaul, saharsa, kisanganj, khagaria).
- On 9 May total 41 news cases, 51 people recovered Corona spread to 1 new district(Muzaffarpur).
- On 10 May total 96 new cases, 40 people recovered and 1 died. 3 private labs approved by the government for COVID-19 testing.
- On 11 May total 54 new cases reported.
- On 12 May total 118 new cases. Most of the cases are the migrant worker case. As per the government, they were in government quarantine centers.
- On 17 May total 148 new cases reported(highest single day case)
- 13 June, single day recovery(370) recorded.
- On 18 June, Bihar recorded the death(5) count due to Covid-19.
- On 25 June, Bihar single day recovery (374) recorded.
- On 6 July, Bihar recorded the death count(7) due to Covid-19.
- On 10 July, Bihar recorded 11 death and 459 recoveries.
To tackle the outbreak of coronavirus in an effective and structured manner, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, has classified the country's districts in three different zones; Red, Orange, and Green, based on the severity of outbreak in those areas.
The following is the list of districts of Bihar classified in their respective zones
|Munger, Patna, Rohtas, Buxar, Gaya|
|Kaimur, Nalanda, Siwan, Bhojpur, Begusarai, Aurangabad, East Champaran, Madhubani, Bhagalpur, Arwal ,Saran, Gopalganj ,Nawada ,Lakhisarai ,Banka, Vaishali, Darbhanga ,Jehanabad ,Madhepura, Purnia, Muzaffarpur, Sheikhpura ,Araria, Jamui, Katihar ,Khagaria ,Kishanganj , Pashchim Champaran , Saharsa, Samastipur ,Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Supaul|
As of 10 May 2020, the state has 10 laboratories (7 government labs and 3 private labs) approved by ICMR for testing. Till 9 may, no private labs were approved to do Covid-19 testing in Bihar. On 10 May Bihar health department has permitted 2 private labs to collect samples and test for COVID-19. The rate of testing has been fixed and that is 4500 rs. 
- On 15 May 1 more government lab approved to do Covid-19 testing.
- On 16 May 1 more government lab approved to do Covid-19 testing.
- On 18 May 3 more government lab approved to do Covid-19 testing.
- On 19 May 2 more government lab approved to do Covid-19 testing.
- On 20 May 1 more government lab approved to do Covid-19 testing.
- On 21 May 1 more government lab approved to do Covid-19 testing. With that total testing center in Bihar reached 19(16 government lab and 3 private labs).
|COVID-19 Testing Centers in Bihar|
|City||Testing facility started on||
|1||RMRIMS||Patna||7 March 2020||Government|
|2||IGIMS||Patna||25 March 2020||Government|
|3||DMCH||Darbhanga||2 April 2020||Government|
|4||PMCH||Patna||6 April 2020||Government|
|5||SKMCH||Muzaffarpur||13 April 2020||Government|
|6||AIIMS||Patna||15 April 2020||Government|
|7||JLNMCH||Bhagalpur||3 May 2020||Government|
|8||Dr. Lal Path Labs||Online||10 May 2020||Private||Website: www.lalpathlabs.com,
Mobile Number: 8527483085
|9||Path Kind Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd||Patna||10 May 2020||Private||Mobile Number: 7827949761/ 7827949762|
|10||Path Kind Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd||Muzaffarpur||10 May 2020||Private||Mobile Number: 7827949750|
|11||VIMS||Pawapuri||15 May 2020||Government|
|12||District hospital||Siwan||16 May 2020||Government|
|13||JKTMCH||Madhepura||18 May 2020||Government|
|14||GMC||Bettiah||18 May 2020||Government|
|15||ANMMCH||Gaya||18 May 2020||Government|
|16||District hospital||Munger||19 May 2020||Government|
|17||TBDC||Motiihari||19 May 2020||Government|
|18||JLNMCH||Bhagalpur||20 May 2020||Government|
|19||District Hospital||Rohtas||21 May 2020||Government|
|Tests per 1 million people||5,749|
|Positive per 100 Tests||9|
Public Health Strategy
Government Quarantine Facility
In late March, as migrants workers started returning to Bihar, the state government imposed mandatory 14 days quarantining at government relief camps. Initially in late May, the state government created three layers of quarantining:
|A||Block||11 cities: Surat, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Delhi, Pune,Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgram, Noida, Kolkata, and Bangalore|
|B||Panchayat||UP, MP, Rajasthan and Haryana (except some towns)|
But within days, the government changed strategy to only have returnee migrants from category A (Block level) be mandatorily put in institutional quarantine, while the rest were sent for home quarantine if found asymptomatic. The camps were closed down on 15 June and the last registration for institutional qurarantining took place on 1 June. The reason given for this was that reportedly the last batch of migrant workers came back on the 1st of June and the ones who came to Bihar after that aren't necessary returnee migrant workers. The other reasons was that most of these camps operated out of schools, which needed to be vacated as the government planned to reopen schools in July. As of 14th June, there were 288 Block Quarantine Camps with a total of 15,33,392 persons registered for quarantining.
While operational, these camps provided three meals a day to them, as well as a minimum financial assistance of ₹1,000. To combat rapid population growth, the state government also provided kits containing condoms, contraceptives, and pregnancy tests to the discharged migrants. As of 10 June, 17 lakh condoms were distributed to the migrants.
High-level Multi-disciplinary Central Teams
Bihar is one of the 15 states and Union Territories which will get technical support and administrative hand-holding from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare through central teams composed of two public health experts, epidemiologists, clinicians and a senior Joint Secretary level nodal officer. The central team will assist the health department of the state government in implementing containment measures and management of clinical cases. The team will also improve coordination between the state government, and the district and municipal level authorities for public health response on the field.
Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan
This central scheme will be launched in six states, including Bihar, on 20 June 2020 from Telihar village of Khagaria district of Bihar. 32 districts in Bihar will be part of the scheme. This scheme will provide employment opportunities to both rural workers and returnee migrant workers, and develop rural infrastructure. Under the scheme, 25 different types of work will be provided under mission mode. 12 different central government ministries and departments - Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Road Transport & Highways, Mines, Drinking Water & Sanitation, Environment, Railways, Petroleum & Natural Gas, New & Renewable Energy, Border Roads, Telecom and Agriculture - will be involved in this scheme.
The scheme will be launched in the following districts:
East Champaran, West Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Darbhanga, Purnia, Gaya, Madhubani, Araria, Saran, Rohtas, Samastipur, Banka, Khagaria, Begusarai, Supaul, Bhagalpur, Saharsa, Aurangabad, Buxar, Kishanganj, Madhepura, Sitamarhi, Bhojpur, Siwan, Patna, Nalanda, Gopalganj, Jamui, Nawada and Kaimur.
State Government Response
Migrant Workers Crisis
Observing the situation of workers throughout the country, the central government and Indian railway decided to run the "Shramik Special" between states to help workers to reach their home state. Till 13 May over 169 Shramik special train reached Bihar different city from other states.
Bihar health department release data on 15 May about total cases related to the migrant workers.
- Total Migrant positive case report 358 from 4 May to 15 May.
- Total 416 migrant positive case reported till 15 May.
District wise details
|Total (all districts)||26369||179||16597||9602|
|As of 19 July 2020|
COVID-19 daily graph by total number of cases, recoveries and death
Daily new cases
Daily new death
Cases outside Bihar
- COVID-19 pandemic in India
- Timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in India
- COVID-19 pandemic in Uttar Pradesh
- COVID-19 pandemic in Assam
- COVID-19 pandemic in Delhi
- COVID-19 pandemic in Gujarat
- COVID-19 pandemic in Haryana
- COVID-19 pandemic in Karnataka
- COVID-19 pandemic in Kerala
- COVID-19 pandemic in Madhya Pradesh
- COVID-19 pandemic in Maharashtra
- COVID-19 pandemic in Punjab
- COVID-19 pandemic in Rajasthan
- COVID-19 pandemic in Tamil Nadu
- COVID-19 pandemic in Telangana
- COVID-19 pandemic in Odisha
- COVID-19 pandemic in West Bengal
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 August 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- "Bihar distributed around 17 lakh condoms to migrants after COVID-19 quarantine: Sushil Kumar Modi". New Indian Express. 10 June 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
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- Sanjay Kumar (15 May 2020). "#BiharFightsCorona health dept has been very attentive to arrival of migrants and analysing data on a continuous basis.sharing data for all migrants from the beginning and for the period 4/5/2020 to 15/5/2020 (10am).all are housed in institutional quarantine centres". Twitter.
- Bihar Health Dept (3 June 2019). "Bihar Health Dept on Twitter: "#COVIDー19 Updates Bihar: ➡️ 05.05.2020 तक कुल 28,791 🧪 सैम्पल की जांच हुई है। ➡️ अबतक कुल 142 मरीज ठीक हुए हैं। ➡️ अभी तक 529 केस पॉजिटिव पाए गए हैं। #SocialDistancing #IndiaFightsCorona #COVID19outbreak @sanjayjavin @mangalpandeybjp @DM_Samastipur @NitishKumar"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
- "CoronaVirus Bihar News Update: 8 New positive cases found in Siwan, Data reaches to 536 ,160 discharged". Jagran.com. Retrieved 6 May 2020.