|Born||May 9, 1948|
|Listed height||5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)|
|Listed weight||165 lb (75 kg)|
|High school||Norwalk (Norwalk, Connecticut)|
|NBA draft||1970 / Round: 2 / Pick: 18th overall|
|Selected by the San Diego Rockets|
|1970–1983||San Diego / Houston Rockets|
|1990–1993||Houston Rockets (assistant)|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Points||17,949 (17.9 ppg)|
|Assists||4,402 (4.4 apg)|
|Steals||1,165 (1.5 spg)|
|Stats at NBA.com|
|Stats at Basketball-Reference.com|
|Basketball Hall of Fame as player|
|College Basketball Hall of Fame|
Inducted in 2006
Calvin Jerome Murphy (born May 9, 1948) is an American former professional basketball player who played as a guard for the National Basketball Association's San Diego/Houston Rockets from 1970 to 1983, and is a current member of the Houston Rockets' AT&T SportsNet TV broadcast team. Standing at a height of 5 feet 9 inches (1.75 m), Murphy has the distinction of being the shortest NBA player inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, and to play in an NBA All-Star Game (the latter since tied by Isaiah Thomas in 2016).
Before basketball, Calvin Murphy was a world-class baton twirler. He says he was "bullied into it" as his mother and all six of her sisters were twirlers. As an 8th grader, in 1963, he won a national championship in baton twirling. His reputation as a twirler earned him invitations to perform at major sporting events and the 1964 New York World's Fair. In 1977, at the height of his basketball career in Houston, Murphy won the Texas State Men's Twirling Championship.
He played basketball for Norwalk High School, where he was All-State three times and All-America twice. He is a member of the Connecticut Coaches Association Hall of Fame and a Connecticut Sportswriters Gold Key Award winner. Norwalk High School's address is now 23 Calvin Murphy Rd. in his honor.
One of his best games was a 68-point outing against Syracuse University at Niagara's Gallagher Center. In 1970, he led Niagara to the NCAA tournament and advanced to the second round, where they lost to Villanova. During his career he was famous for being one of "The Three M's", along with Pete Maravich and Rick Mount, both of whom were NCAA Men's Division I Basketball All-Americans at the same time as Murphy.
Murphy was drafted by the San Diego Rockets (now the Houston Rockets) as the first pick in the second round (18th overall) of the 1970 NBA draft. In his first season, Murphy was nominated to the NBA All-Rookie team. A diminutive guard at 5 feet 9 inches (175 cm), Murphy was known for his quickness and defensive ability.
Murphy was one of the best free-throw shooters ever, setting NBA records for most consecutive free throws made and for the highest free throw percentage in a single season (1980–1981). Both records have since been broken. He set many other records within the Rockets organization, including that of all-time leading scorer until that record was broken in 1994 by Hakeem Olajuwon. The Rockets made it to the NBA Finals in 1981, losing to the Boston Celtics in six games. After retiring from the NBA in 1983, Calvin Murphy was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1993.
After retirement, Murphy continued to work for the Rockets organization in numerous roles, mainly as television analyst for Rockets games. He is currently the halftime and post-game analyst for local Rockets broadcasts on AT&T SportsNet.
In 2004, he faced trial in Houston for sexually abusing five of his daughters. He was acquitted of these charges in December of that year.
Statistics and accomplishments
- Inducted to the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame in 1993
- Jersey #23 retired by the Houston Rockets
- Second highest Free Throw Percentage in a Season – 206 of 215 (95.8%) in 1980–81
- NBA Consecutive Free Throws Made – 3rd, 78 (December 27, 1980 – February 28, 1981) 
- NBA All-Rookie Team: 1971
- NBA All-Star Team: 1979
- Games played; 1,002
- Career points: 17,949 (17.9 points per game)
- Career steals: 1,165
- Career assists: 4,402 (4.4 apg)
- Career high points: 57 (against New Jersey Nets- March 18, 1978)
- Career playoff high: 42 (against San Antonio Spurs- April 17, 1981)
- 1000-point seasons: 11
NBA career statistics
|GP||Games played||GS||Games started||MPG||Minutes per game|
|FG%||Field goal percentage||3P%||3-point field goal percentage||FT%||Free throw percentage|
|RPG||Rebounds per game||APG||Assists per game||SPG||Steals per game|
|BPG||Blocks per game||PPG||Points per game||Bold||Career high|
- List of shortest players in National Basketball Association history
- List of National Basketball Association players with 1000 games played
- List of National Basketball Association players with 9 or more steals in a game
- List of NCAA Division I men's basketball players with 60 or more points in a game
- "Untitled news brief". TIME Magazine. August 15, 1977. Retrieved October 26, 2007.
- "NBA Biography". Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- Yantz, Tom. "105 points, for those keeping score". Hartford Courant. Archived from the original on October 28, 2007. Retrieved October 26, 2007.
- Calvin Murphy Niagara All American
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved May 2, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Calvin Murphy found not guilty". Houston Chronicle. December 6, 2004. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
- "Texas Southern fires coach". SI.com. July 19, 2007. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- Barron, David (January 28, 2010). "97.5 axes Murphy's talk show". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- "Free Throw Streaks". Archived from the original on October 9, 2006. Retrieved March 21, 2008.