Campa languages

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Western Amazon
Linguistic classificationArawakan
  • Southern
    • Campa

The Campa (Kampa) or Campan (Kampan) languages, a.k.a. Pre-Andine Maipurean / Arawakan, are closely related Arawakan languages of the Peruvian Amazon.


The Glottolog uses the term Pre-Andine for this group of languages and classifies them as follows, based on classifications by Michael (2011)[1] and Pedrós:[2]

There are grammars for Ashéninka Perené,[3] Nanti,[4] Aiyíninka Apurucayali,[5] and Caquinte.[6]


  1. ^ Michael, Lev. 2011. La reconstrucción y clasificación interna de la rama Kampa de la familia Arawak. Paper presented at the CILLA V (Conference on Indigenous Languages of Latin America), 6 October 2011
  2. ^ Pedrós, Toni (2018). "Ashéninka y asháninka: ¿de cuántas lenguas hablamos?". Cadernos de Etnolingüística. 6 (1): 1–30.
  3. ^ Mihas, Elena (2015). A Grammar of Alto Perené (Arawak). Berlin: Mouton.
  4. ^ Michael, Lev David (2008). Nanti evidential practice: Language, knowledge, and social action in an Amazonian society. Ann Arbor: University of Texas at Austin.
  5. ^ Payne, David L. (1981). The Phonology and Morphology of Axininca Campa. Dallas: The Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.
  6. ^ Swift, Kenneth (1985). Morphology of Caquinte (Preandine Arawakan). University of Texas at Arlington (MA thesis).