Capulus ungaricus

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Capulus ungaricus
Capulus ungaricus 001.jpg
Two shells of Capulus ungaricus with the periostracum removed
Scientific classification
C. ungaricus
Binomial name
Capulus ungaricus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Amalthea maxima Schumacher, 1817
  • Capulus hungaricus [sic] (misspelling of Capulus ungaricus (Linnaeus, 1758))
  • Capulus hungaricus thorsoni Nordsieck, 1969
  • Patella militaris Linnaeus, 1771
  • Patella ungarica Linnaeus, 1758 (original combination)
  • Protomedea ornata Costa O.G., 1861

Capulus ungaricus, common name the bonnet shell, is a species of medium-sized sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Capulidae, the cap snails.[1]


The original name of this species is Capulus ungaricus (Linnaeus, 1758).[1] Later on, a few authors (e.g. Jeffreys, 1865, Thorson, 1941, Ziegelmeier, 1966, Lindner, 1977) changed the name erroneously in Capulus hungaricus.[1] The correct date of publication is 1758 and not 1767 as Abbott (1974) and Lindner (1977) cited.[1]


The distribution of Capulus ungaricus includes the sea off Greenland to off Florida.[1] It is less common in the North Sea.[1]


The maximum recorded shell length is 50 mm.[2]


Minimum recorded depth is 1 m.[2] Maximum recorded depth is 838 m.[2] It is known also from seamounts and knolls.[1]

Feeding habits[edit]

It is a suspension feeder.[1]


This article incorporates CC-BY-SA-3.0 text from the reference [1]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Gofas, S. (2010). Capulus ungaricus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2011-01-13
  2. ^ a b c Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLoS ONE 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213

External links[edit]

  • "Capulus (Capulus) ungaricus". Retrieved 15 January 2019.