Carbon (company)

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Carbon3D, Inc.
FoundedDecember 2013; 5 years ago (2013-12)
Headquarters1089 Mills Way, ,
Number of locations
3 offices (2019)
Area served
Worldwide; 11 countries
Key people
Dr. Joseph DeSimone (CEO)
ProductsCarbon M1 printer, M2 printer, M2d printer, C6 cassette, L1 printer, Smart Part Washer, programmable resins

Carbon (legally Carbon3D Inc.) is a digital manufacturing company founded in 2013 by Joseph and Philip DeSimone. Carbon is based in Redwood City, California. The company manufactures and develops 3D printers utilizing the Continuous Liquid Interface Production process, with its first commercial product being the Carbon M1 printer. The company introduced its proprietary CLIP process on the TED stage in 2015[1]. The Carbon Platform combines software, hardware, and molecular science to deliver manufacturing solutions designed to allow customers to build differentiated products that reduce waste and speed time to market[2]. In April 2017, Adidas announced the first 3D printed midsole developed using Carbon technology[3].


The company was founded in 2013[4] by Joseph and Philip DeSimone. In March 2015, Joseph gave a TED talk that showed a preview of a 3D printer prototype using Continuous Liquid Interface Production (CLIP), with a scene in Terminator 2: Judgement Day cited as the inspiration for the technology.[5] Carbon engaged in four fundraising ventures between 2014 and 2017 from investors such as Sequoia Capital, Google Venture, GE, Fidelity Management & Research, Adidas, BMW, and Johnson & Johnson.

The company has garnered awards including WEF Tech Pioneers[6], MIT Technology Review's 50 Smartest Companies of 2017[7], and the Fast Company Innovation by Design Award[8]. Carbon has made public partnerships with Fortune 500 companies such as Adidas[9], Riddell[10], Lamborghini[11], Johnson & Johnson[12], Vitamix[13], and Ford[14].

Craig Carlson joined Carbon[15] in 2014 from Tesla to lead the engineering team. In March 2016, Silicon Valley-based entrepreneur Josh Green joined[16] as general counsel. In November 2018, Elisa de Martel was named[17] chief financial officer. In December 2018, Dara Treseder joined[18] as the company’s first chief marketing officer. Carbon’s board of directors includes former Ford CEO Alan Mulally, former DuPont CEO Ellen Kullman, and Sequoia Capital partner Jim Goetz.


Carbon is a vertically integrated manufacturer that offers its own software, hardware, and materials products that leverage Digital Light Synthesis™,[19] or DLS™, technology to produce isotropic end-use parts.


Carbon hardware uses the same basic principles of DLS™ to produce isotropic parts[20]. All of Carbon’s hardware offerings are available as a subscription that includes service, support, and software upgrades. Different models have different build areas for building either more parts or larger parts. All the devices are connected to the cloud by default to allow for predictive maintenance, remote monitoring and control, and over-the-air software updates.

M1 Printer[edit]

The Carbon M1 printer was Carbon’s first offering, which has since been replaced by the M2[21] as Carbon’s general-purpose printing device. It could produce produce parts sized up to 144 millimeters x 81 millimeters x 330 millimeters, with the light engine display LED using 75μm pixels. The printer supports using a variety of resin materials, including some already in production commercial applications.[22]

M2 Series Printer[edit]

The Carbon M2 printer can produce parts larger than the original M1 printer, up to 189mm x 118mm x 326mm, with the same 75μm resolution. The M2d is an entry-level device for dental labs[23] with the same base hardware as the M2 except for a smaller build area for lower throughput. The M2d printer is upgradable to an M2 printer.

Smart Part Washer[edit]

The Smart Part Washer machine washes, serializes, and data-scans parts to automatically record production information. [24]

L1 Printer[edit]

The L1 printer offers 10 times the build area of the original M1 printer for high-volume production. It is offered as part of a complete manufacturing solution tailored to the application, such as the Adidas 4D midsoles[25] or the Riddell SpeedFlex Precision Fit Diamond Edition[26].


All Carbon materials are sold as a liquid resin[27]. Each material is cured by UV light, which defines the overall geometry, and the engineering-grade resins have a secondary thermal cure, which sets the final material properties. Prototyping and modeling resins undergo only the UV cure.

Carbon Materials
Family Abbreviation Details
Rigid Polyurethane RPU Rigid, dual cure
Epoxy EPX Rigid, dual cure
Elastomeric Polyurethane EPU Elastomer, dual cure
Silicone Urethane SIL Elastomer, dual cure
Medical Polyurethane MPU Rigid, dual cure
Cyanate Ester CE Rigid, dual cure
Flexible Polyurethane FPU Semi-rigid, dual cure
Urethane Methacrylate UMA Rigid, dual cure
Dental Production DPR Rigid, dual cure
Third-Party Materials for the Carbon Platform
Vendor Material name
DENTCA Denture Base II
DENTCA Denture Teeth
DENTCA Denture Try-In
Dreve FotoDent® tray
Dreve FotoDent® gingiva

See also[edit]


  1. ^ DeSimone, Joseph, What if 3D printing was 100x faster?, retrieved 2019-05-29
  2. ^ "Carbon® Goes Global with First Fully Integrated Digital Manufacturing Platform for Dental Market". Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  3. ^ "Adidas Uses Carbon's 3D Printing to Mass-Produce Futurecraft 4D Shoes". Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  4. ^ "About Carbon - Who We Are & Our Vision". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  5. ^ Joseph DeSimone (2015-03-19). "What if 3D printing was 100x faster?". TED Talks. Retrieved 2016-05-30.
  6. ^ "Technology Pioneers 2015 - World Economic Forum". Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  7. ^ "The 50 Smartest Companies of 2017 might not be what you think". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  8. ^ Wilson, Mark (2017-09-11). "How Adidas Cracked The Code Of 3D-Printed Shoes". Fast Company. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  9. ^ "The perfect fit: Carbon + adidas collaborate to upend athletic footwear". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  10. ^ "Riddell Partners with Carbon® to Produce First-Ever 3D Printed Football Helmet Liner". 2019-02-01. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  11. ^ "Carbon and Automobili Lamborghini Partner to Digitally Manufacture Auto Parts at Scale". 2019-02-11. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  12. ^ "Carbon Announces JJDC as Additional Investor in $200 Million Funding Round". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  13. ^ "Vitamix produces 10x more durable parts at-scale with Carbon". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  14. ^ "Why Ford is partnering with a hot 3D printing startup". Fortune. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  15. ^ "Craig Carlson, VP of Engineering". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  16. ^ "Legendary Silicon Valley Deal Maker, Josh Green, Joins Carbon As General Counsel". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  17. ^ "Carbon Announces Strategic Updates to Its Board of Directors, Names New Chief Financial Officer". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  18. ^ Rooney, Jenny. "Next-Generation CMO Dara Treseder Moves To 3-D Manufacturing Company Carbon". Forbes. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  19. ^ "Carbon - The Future of 3D Manufacturing Printers & Systems". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  20. ^ "Hardware". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  21. ^ "Carbon reinforces dental drive with launch of M2d 3D printer, new materials and software". 3D Printing Industry. 2019-02-25. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  22. ^ Fameli, Joey (2016-05-16). "Meet the Carbon M1 Super Fast 3D Printer". Adam Savage's Retrieved 2016-05-30.
  23. ^ "Revolutionizing Dental Labs" (PDF). April 2019.
  24. ^ Kolodny, Lora (March 6, 2017). "Carbon moves into high-volume manufacturing with SpeedCell system, and bigger 3D printers – TechCrunch". Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  25. ^ "Adidas 40: Feel the Future". May 28, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  26. ^ "#ProtectItAll - Introducing Riddell® Diamond Technology powered by Carbon®". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  27. ^ "The perfect fit: Carbon + adidas collaborate to upend athletic footwear". Carbon. Retrieved 2019-05-29.

External links[edit]