Carla Molteni

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Carla Molteni
BornFebruary 1966 (age 54)
NationalityItalian
Alma materUniversity of Milan (PhD)
Scientific career
FieldsCondensed matter physics
InstitutionsKing's College London
University of Cambridge
Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research
Websitekclpure.kcl.ac.uk/portal/carla.molteni.html

Carla Molteni (born February 1966) is an Italian Professor of Physics at King's College London. She works on computer simulations of materials and biomolecules.[1][2][3]

Education and early career[edit]

Molteni studied physics at the University of Milan.[4] She remained there for her graduate studies.[4] She was originally interested in particle physics, but became more fascinated by material science as she became aware of its impact in designing materials of the future.[5]

Research and career[edit]

Molteni joined Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research[when?] as a postdoctoral research fellow, working on crystalline glucose.[6] She used the Car–Parrinello molecular dynamics method to study glucose.[7]

Molteni joined the University of Cambridge in 1999 as an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Advanced Research Fellow.[4][8] She was a fellow at New Hall, (now Murray Edwards College)[9] Cambridge.

In 2003 Molteni was appointed a professor of soft matter physics at King's College London.[5] Molteni is a member of the Thomas Young Centre and London Centre for Nanotechnology.[10] She uses density functional theory and classical methods to understand systems such as grain boundaries, liquid crystals, polymers and proteins.[10] She studied polyamorphism in nanocrystals of silicon.[11] Her group have used computational methods to evaluate the interactions of green tea with cardiac muscle and the growth of hexagonal ice.[12][13] They identified the excited states of biological chromophores using many-body perturbation theory.[14][3] She studied the pressure-induced deformations of nanomaterials and how this impacted their optoelectronic properties.[15] Understanding piezochromic effects is important to determine the potential of a material for applications such as stress sensors.[15]

In 2018 she awarded the Italy Made Me prizes for young Italian researchers in the UK.[16] She serves on the board of directors of the Association of Italian Scientists in the UK.[17] She has taken part in Pint of Science.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Corsini, Niccolò R. C.; Greco, Andrea; Hine, Nicholas D. M.; Molteni, Carla; Haynes, Peter D. (2013). "Simulations of nanocrystals under pressure: Combining electronic enthalpy and linear-scaling density-functional theory". The Journal of Chemical Physics. 139 (8): 084117. arXiv:1305.5862. Bibcode:2013JChPh.139h4117C. doi:10.1063/1.4819132. ISSN 0021-9606. PMID 24006984.
  2. ^ Melis, Claudio; Lummis, Sarah C.R.; Molteni, Carla (2008). "Molecular Dynamics Simulations of GABA Binding to the GABAC Receptor: The Role of Arg104". Biophysical Journal. 95 (9): 4115–4123. Bibcode:2008BpJ....95.4115M. doi:10.1529/biophysj.107.127589. ISSN 0006-3495. PMC 2567930. PMID 18641081.
  3. ^ a b Ma, Yuchen; Rohlfing, Michael; Molteni, Carla (2010). "Modeling the Excited States of Biological Chromophores within Many Body Green's Function Theory". Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation. 6 (1): 257–265. doi:10.1021/ct900528h. ISSN 1549-9618. PMID 26614336. closed access
  4. ^ a b c "King's College London - Prof Carla Molteni". kcl.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  5. ^ a b "King's College London - Professor Carla Molteni". kcl.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  6. ^ Molteni, C.; Parrinello, M. (1997). "Condensed matter effects on the structure of crystalline glucose". Chemical Physics Letters. 275 (3–4): 409–413. Bibcode:1997CPL...275..409M. doi:10.1016/S0009-2614(97)00701-X. ISSN 0009-2614.
  7. ^ "Symposium K | 1995 MRS Fall Meeting | Boston". mrs.org. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-11-08. Retrieved 2018-11-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "King's College London - Professor Carla Molteni". www.kcl.ac.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  10. ^ a b "DR CARLA MOLTENI: Thomas Young Centre". thomasyoungcentre.org. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  11. ^ Molteni, Carla; Martonák, Roman (2005). "Polyamorphism in silicon nanocrystals under pressure". ChemPhysChem. 6 (9): 1765–1768. doi:10.1002/cphc.200400589. ISSN 1439-4235. PMID 16086341.
  12. ^ Botten, Dominic; Fugallo, Giorgia; Fraternali, Franca; Molteni, Carla (2013). "A Computational Exploration of the Interactions of the Green Tea Polyphenol (–)-Epigallocatechin 3-Gallate with Cardiac Muscle Troponin C". PLOS ONE. 8 (7): e70556. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...870556B. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070556. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3726641. PMID 23923004.
  13. ^ Maxwell, Fulford; Matteo, Salvalaglio; Michele, Parrinello; Carla, Molteni (2016). "A Computational Study of the Growth of Hexagonal Ice". APS March Meeting Abstracts. 2016: M1.182. Bibcode:2016APS..MAR.M1182F.
  14. ^ Ma, Yuchen; Rohlfing, Michael; Molteni, Carla (2009). "Excited states of biological chromophores studied using many-body perturbation theory: Effects of resonant-antiresonant coupling and dynamical screening". Physical Review B. 80 (24): 241405. Bibcode:2009PhRvB..80x1405M. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.80.241405.
  15. ^ a b Corsini, Niccolò R. C.; Hine, Nicholas D. M.; Haynes, Peter D.; Molteni, Carla (2017). "Unravelling the Roles of Size, Ligands, and Pressure in the Piezochromic Properties of CdS Nanocrystals". Nano Letters. 17 (2): 1042–1048. Bibcode:2017NanoL..17.1042C. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b04461. ISSN 1530-6984. PMID 28128961.
  16. ^ "The 2018 Italy Made Me awards for young Italian researchers in the UK". amblondra.esteri.it. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  17. ^ "About us". AISUK. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  18. ^ "Nature at the Nanoscale". Pint of Science. Retrieved 2018-11-07.