Castle of Mey

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Castle of Mey
Mey castle 2.JPG
Castle of Mey
Castle of Mey is located in Caithness
Castle of Mey
Location of Castle of Mey in Caithness
Former namesBarrogill Castle
General information
CountryScotland
Coordinates58°38′50″N 3°13′30″W / 58.647222°N 3.225°W / 58.647222; -3.225
Construction started1566
Completed1572
Renovated1950s
OwnerCastle of Mey Trust

The Castle of Mey (also known for a time as Barrogill Castle)[1] is located in Caithness, on the north coast of Scotland, about 6 miles (10 km) west of John o' Groats. In fine weather there are views from the castle north to the Orkney Islands.[2]

History[edit]

The lands of Mey belonged to the Bishops of Caithness. The Castle of Mey was built between 1566 and 1572, possibly on the site of an earlier fortification,[3] by George Sinclair, 4th Earl of Caithness. Originally a Z-plan tower house of three storeys, it had a projecting wing at the south-east, and a square tower at the north-west.[3] The castle passed to George Sinclair's younger son William, founder of the Sinclairs of Mey, although it later became the seat of the Earls.[4] The castle's name was changed to Barrogill, and the structure was extended several times, in the 17th and 18th centuries, and again in 1821 when Tudor Gothic style alterations were made, to designs by William Burn.[3][4] Barrogill passed out of the Sinclair family in 1889, on the death of the 15th Earl, when it passed to F.G. Heathcote (Sinclair).[5] In 1929 it was purchased by Captain FB Imbert-Terry.

The castle was used as an officers' rest home during the Second World War, and in 1950 the estate farms were sold off.[6] By that time, only the tower was inhabitable.[7]

Royal residence[edit]

Castle of Mey

Barrogill Castle was in a semi-derelict state when, in 1952, the estate was purchased by Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, the widow of King George VI, who had died earlier in the year. "The castle was probably built between 1566 and 1572 by George Sinclair, 4th Earl of Caithness" and "includes a dominating tower with a series of tall ranges to the side and rear creating a three-sided courtyard open to the north and the sea", according to a February 2019 report. [8]

The Queen Mother set about restoring the castle for use as a holiday home,[9] removing some of the 19th-century additions, and reinstating the Castle's original name. As part of the restoration, the castle was for the first time supplied with electricity and water.[10]

Other work done in 1953-1954 included making the castle weathertight and habitable, as well as painting and plastering. The castle interior was also refurbished over the next few years. The west wing restoration was not completed until 1960. [11]

The Queen Mother hung several portraits of the previous owners - the Earl of Caithness around the castle.[citation needed] She regularly visited it in August and October from 1955 until her death in March 2002; the last visit was in October 2001.[citation needed]

In July 1996, The Queen Mother made the property, the policies, and the farm over to the Queen Elizabeth Castle of Mey Trust, which has opened the castle and garden to the public regularly since her death.[12] It is now open seven days a week from 1 May until 30 September each year, with a closed period of ten days at the end of July and the beginning of August, when the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall usually stay at Mey. The Trust opened a new Visitor Centre in early 2007, and the visitor numbers for that year topped 29,000.[13]

The Castle of Mey Trust[edit]

The Castle of Mey Trust was established by a Deed of Trust executed on 11 June 1996.[14] Its president was The Prince of Wales. The Trust would manage the property; its mandate was to "to secure the future of the building, advance historical and architectural education, to develop the native breeds of Aberdeen Angus and Cheviot sheep and to undertake projects for the benefit of the local community", according to one report. After 2002, the Trust opened the castle for five months each summer to generate revenue that would sustain the property. In 2018, nearly 30,000 visits were recorded.[15]

As of March 2014, the list of Trustees included: Ashe Windham, CVO (Chairman); The Rt. Hon The Earl of Caithness, PC, FRICS; The Rt. Hon The Viscount Thurso; Sir Ian Grant, CBE, DL, FRAgS. There are also a number of Honorary Patrons associated with the trust: Lady Elizabeth Anson; Ken Bruce; Susan Hampshire; Kirsty King; HE Mahfouz bin Mahfouz; Alan Titchmarsh (who is noted as being the first Honorary Patron). The trust together with the Friends and Patrons helped to maintain and promote the castle and all fundraising events.

Maintenance work completed by the Trust in 2018, including roof repairs, re-wiring of the interior and lime harling of the exterior.

New stewardship[edit]

On 1 January 2019, stewardship of the Trust passed to The Prince's Foundation.[16] The president of the Foundation is Charles, Prince of Wales, officially the Duke of Rothesay while in Scotland,[17] Since 1 January 2019, he has been not only the president of the Castle of Mey Trust but also its sole Trustee, through the Foundation.[18][19] The Foundation stated its intention to retain the Trust's goals: "the preservation of buildings and monuments; the promotion of historical and architectural education; the preservation of the Aberdeen Angus breed of cattle, and the championing of wider benefits to the community, while the Duke of Rothesay and The Prince’s Foundation is certain to make the continuation of his grandmother’s legacy a priority".[20]

The Granary Lodge B&B[edit]

In early May 2019, Prince Charles/The Duke of Rothesay officially opened a new building, Granary Lodge,[21] as a 10-bedroom bed and breakfast on the Castle grounds. This building combined the previous stables and granary.[22] During the planning stages, a decision was made to have "eco-heating" and to use local materials and craftsmen where possible.[23]

The B&B is one of the first ventures under the stewardship of The Prince's Foundation.[24] The business is owned and operated by the Trust and planned to accept guests starting on 15 May 2019. Profits will go to maintaining and operating the estate as a tourist destination.[25]

In fiction[edit]

The ruins of Barrogill Castle are the scene of a black mass in the Nick Carter novel Spy Castle (1966)

The castle is featured in the Netflix show The Crown (episode 8 of the first season).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Castle and Gardens of Mey". The Queen Elizabeth Castle of Mey Trust 2018 registered as a Scottish Charity (No SC024983). Retrieved 25 August 2018. BARROGILL Castle, originally known as the Castle of Mey, one of the ancient seats of the earls of Caithness, is still a ... and 1572, when the earl granted a charter of the Mey lands to his second son William, who became the first Laird of Mey.
  2. ^ "Scothighlands - A panoramic view of the Castle of Mey". www.scothighlands.com. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Historic Environment Scotland. "Castle of Mey, NMRS Number: ND27SE 1.00 (8864)". Canmore. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
  4. ^ a b Historic Environment Scotland. "Castle of Mey and garden walls  (Category A) (LB1797)". Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  5. ^ Sinclair, Robert (2013). The Sinclairs of Scotland. UK: AuthorHouse. p. 130. ISBN 9781481796231.
  6. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Castle of Mey (Barrogill Castle) (GDL00096)". Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  7. ^ "The Castle of Mey: Inside the Queen Mother's beloved home in Scotland". Country Life. 3 February 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019. the history of the building and the achievements of the trust that has managed it for the past 22 years.
  8. ^ "The Castle of Mey: Inside the Queen Mother's beloved home in Scotland". Country Life. 3 February 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019. the history of the building and the achievements of the trust that has managed it for the past 22 years.
  9. ^ "Queen Mother at new home. Mey Castle visit". The Glasgow Herald. 11 June 1956. p. 6. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  10. ^ Pukas, Anna (17 June 2014). "The remote castle that the Queen Mother used as a hideaway". Daily Express. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  11. ^ "The Castle of Mey: Inside the Queen Mother's beloved home in Scotland". Country Life. 3 February 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019. the history of the building and the achievements of the trust that has managed it for the past 22 years.
  12. ^ "Castle of Mey". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
  13. ^ Moffat Centre for Travel and Tourism Business Development. The 2007 Visitor Attraction Monitor (PDF). VisitScotland. p. 31. ISBN 978-1-905866-25-0. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 July 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
  14. ^ https://www.castleofmey.org.uk/about/the-castle-of-mey-trust/overview
  15. ^ "The Castle of Mey: Inside the Queen Mother's beloved home in Scotland". Country Life. 3 February 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019. the history of the building and the achievements of the trust that has managed it for the past 22 years.
  16. ^ "The Castle of Mey: Inside the Queen Mother's beloved home in Scotland". Country Life. 3 February 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019. the history of the building and the achievements of the trust that has managed it for the past 22 years.
  17. ^ https://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/duke-rothesay-officially-opens-granary-lodge-castle-mey
  18. ^ https://www.businessfast.co.uk/prince-charles-has-opened-a-bb-at-castle-of-mey-and-you-can-stay-in-it-for-160-a-night/)
  19. ^ https://www.theedinburghreporter.co.uk/2019/02/edinburgh-weaver-uses-princes-watercolour-as-inspiration/
  20. ^ https://princes-foundation.org/mey-games
  21. ^ https://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/duke-rothesay-officially-opens-granary-lodge-castle-mey
  22. ^ https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/prince-charles-turns-queen-mother-s-retreat-into-b-b-8jcwl3qbz
  23. ^ https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/prince-charles-turns-queen-mother-s-retreat-into-b-b-8jcwl3qbz
  24. ^ "Take a look inside Prince Charles new Castle of Mey B&B". The Scotsman. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  25. ^ "Prince Charles Is Opening a Bed and Breakfast in Scotland". Travel & Leisure. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019. The 10-bedroom development overlooks the picturesque North Sea on the grounds of the Castle of Mey in Caithness, Scotland.

Further reading[edit]

  • McCann, N. (2008), The Castle and Gardens of Mey, The Queen Elizabeth Castle of Mey Trust, ISBN 978-0-85101-891-1.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 58°38′50″N 3°13′30″W / 58.64722°N 3.22500°W / 58.64722; -3.22500