Cataño, Puerto Rico

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Cataño

Municipio Autónomo de Cataño
Town and Municipality
Aerial view of Cataño
Aerial view of Cataño
Flag of Cataño
Flag
Coat of arms of Cataño
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
"El Pueblo Que Se Negó a Morir", "La Antesala de la Capital", "El Pueblo Olvidado" "La Ciudad de un Nuevo Amanecer"
Anthem: "Cataño"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Cataño Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Cataño Municipality
Coordinates: 18°26′42″N 66°07′04″W / 18.44500°N 66.11778°W / 18.44500; -66.11778Coordinates: 18°26′42″N 66°07′04″W / 18.44500°N 66.11778°W / 18.44500; -66.11778
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
FoundedJuly 1, 1927
Barrios
Government
 • MayorFélix Delgado Montalvo (PNP)
 • Senatorial dist.2 - Bayamón
 • Representative dist.9
Area
 • Total7.04 sq mi (18.23 km2)
 • Land4.8 sq mi (12.5 km2)
 • Water2.21 sq mi (5.73 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total28,140
 • Density4,000/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Demonym(s)Catañeses
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
ZIP Codes
00962, 00963
Area code(s)787/939
Major routesPR urban primary 5.svg PR urban primary 165.svg PR urban primary 167.svg Ellipse sign 24.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg
PR primary 22.svg

Cataño (Spanish pronunciation: [kaˈtaɲo]) is a municipality located on the northern coast of Puerto Rico, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent to the north and east by San Juan; north of Bayamón and Guaynabo; east of Toa Baja and west of Guaynabo and is part of the San Juan Metropolitan Area. Cataño is spread over 7 barrios and Cataño Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Hernando de Cataño was chosen to offer his medical services in Puerto Rico during Francisco Bahamonde de Lugo's tenure as Governor of Puerto Rico (1564–1568). He was one of the first physicians who arrived in Puerto Rico during its colonization[1] and, upon accepting his position, received as payment a piece of land across the San Juan islet. From that time, the region started to be recognized by the name of its original owner. As people started establishing in the area, Cataño was declared as a barrio of Bayamón. However, there wasn't much success in the town's development during these years due to its swamp-like terrain. Still, around 1690, a hermitage was established to allow residents to receive religious services without having to travel to Bayamón.

Houses in the slum area known as El Fanguito (fango means mud) in San Juan, Puerto Rico

In the middle of the 19th century, a transport company was founded to facilitate the transportation of merchandise and passengers through the San Juan Bay. This spurred a growth in the population of Cataño, transforming it into one of the most prosperous barrios of Bayamón. Still, attempts to separate themselves from Bayamón in 1839 were unsuccessful. On June 26, 1893, Bishop Antonio Puig y Montserrat separated the barrios of Cataño, Palo Seco, and Palmas from Bayamón's parish and established an independent parish for the residents of these sectors. In 1927, Cataño was officially declared a municipality with the name "Hato de Palmas de Cataño", which was simply shortened to Cataño.

Politics played a crucial part in the foundation of the town, since Bayamón was controlled by an administration with opposing ideologies to those of the island's Legislature. The separation of Cataño from Bayamón was a strategy to weaken that opposition.[2]

With only five square miles of territory (12.5 km2), Cataño is the smallest municipality in Puerto Rico. It is less than half the size of Hormigueros, the next-smallest in area.

Geography[edit]

Cataño consists mostly of flat plains that belong to the Northern region of Puerto Rico. Its northern shore falls on the San Juan Bay of the Atlantic Ocean.[3][4]

Bodies of water[edit]

Located in Cataño are a number of rivers, streams, named and unnamed creeks, and channels including:[5][6][7]

Barrios[edit]

Subdivisions of Cataño.
Homes in an urbanized part of town

Cataño is divided into only two barrios: Cataño barrio-pueblo, and Palmas.[8][9]

Sectors[edit]

Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions)[10] in turn are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.[11][12][13]

Special Communities[edit]

Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Cataño: Cucharillas, Juana Matos, Puente Blanco, and Puntilla.[14][15]

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

Cataño celebrates its patron saint festival in July. The Fiestas Patronales de Nuestra Sra. del Carmen is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.[16][3]

Tourism[edit]

There are 4 beaches in Cataño, including Isla de Cabra.[17]

One of the main tourist attractions in Cataño is the boardwalk or tablado that commands a view of the San Juan Bay, including views of Fort San Felipe del Morro on the opposing side. There are several monuments and sculptures along the boardwalk, including a monument to Taíno culture called "India Taína".

Entrance to tour of Bacardi in Cataño

The Bacardi Distillery also offers tours of its facilities to visitors who want to learn about the rum manufacturing industry in the island and the Caribbean.[18]

Christopher Columbus statue[edit]

The town gained notoriety in 1998, when Mayor Edwin Rivera Sierra traveled to Russia and acquired a huge statue of Christopher Columbus called "Birth of the New World". The statue Columbus by Tsereteli was designed by artist Zurab Tsereteli and would measure 350 feet (110 m) when erected. Tsereteli had offered the statue to the United States as a gift in 1992 with the intention to use it for the celebrations of the 500th year of its voyage. However, the United States rejected it. The transportation of the statue from Russia to Cataño cost $2.4 million. After arriving on the island, the 2,700 bronze pieces of the statue were scattered in a terrain awaiting for funds for the project, but Rivera Sierra was unable to garner enough public support or funding for it. The statue currently resides in Arecibo.[19]

Sports[edit]

Cataño has a number of professional sports teams[citation needed], and there are several important sports facilities located in the town, including the Perucho Cepeda Stadium, the Pedro Rodríguez Gaya Boxing Coliseum, and the Cosme Beitía Salamo Coliseum.

Economy[edit]

Bacardi factory, located in Cataño

Due to its location, Cataño has always played an important role as a port to the island.[citation needed] Fishing has also been a main source of economy for centuries[citation needed]. Bacardi, one of the largest rum manufacturers of the world, has a distillery in Cataño.

Other industries established in the town are refineries, commerce companies, transport and logistics, among others.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19308,504
19409,71914.3%
195019,865104.4%
196025,20826.9%
197026,4595.0%
198026,243−0.8%
199034,58731.8%
200030,071−13.1%
201028,140−6.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]
1930[21]
1930-1950[22] 1960-2000[23] 2010[24]

Despite its small size, Cataño has a large population when compared to municipalities of similar areas. This is perhaps due to its location near the capital of San Juan. The population, according to the 2000 census, was 30,071 with a population density of 6,014.2 people per square mile (2,313.1/km2). Although the current population is almost the double of what it was in the 1950 census, the current census reflects a small decrease of inhabitants.

As a whole, Puerto Rico is populated mainly by people from a Mulatto (Of African and European descent) and European descent, with small groups of African and Asian people. Statistics taken from the 2000 census shows that 66.9% of Catañenses have Spanish or White ancestry, 8.6% are black, 0.8% are Amerindian etc.

Race - Cataño, Puerto Rico - 2000 Census[25]
Race Population % of Total
White 20,427 67.9%
Black/African American 2,279 7.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 226 0.8%
Asian 58 0.2%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 7 0.0%
Some other race 1,839 6.1%
Two or more races 5,235 17.4%

Government[edit]

After its initial establishment, Cataño belonged to the Bayamón region. From 1839 to 1845, there were some attempts to separate the barrio from Bayamón, but these were unsuccessful. However, on late 19th century, Bishop Antonio Puig y Montserrat managed to separate Cataño establishing their own parish. Cataño was finally declared a municipality on April 25, 1927 being its first mayor Alberto Dávila.

In 1987, Edwin Rivera Sierra was elected as Mayor of Cataño. He remained in the position for 16 years, quitting in 2003. He was replaced by Wilson Soto, who was then officially elected at the 2004 elections in Puerto Rico. After losing a reelection bid in 2008 against José Rosario, Soto was indicted on nine charges.[26]

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district II, which is represented by two Senators. Migdalia Padilla and Carmelo Ríos Santiago have served as District Senators since 2005.[27]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

The flag consists of nine horizontal stripes: four blue stripes and five white stripes (substituting for the silver color on the coat of arms). A white and green band traverses diagonally the drape in all its extension, from the upper hoist to the lower fly.[28]

The green color represents the palm trees that are also present in the coat of arms. The flag was officially adopted during José Alvarez Brunet tenure as mayor on September 5, 1974.[28]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms of Cataño consists of nine horizontal stripes of same the width: four blue and five silver. The colors of the coat and the flag represent the coat of arms of the family of Don Hernando de Cataño, an Hidalgo to whom the town owes its name. The color silver represents nobility and the color blue was used by hidalgos on their armories. It symbolizes royalty and serenity.[28]

On top of the coat of arms, there's a crown with three towers distinct of others coat of arms. The coat itself is surrounded by two green palm trees, an allusion to one of the original names of the town: Hato de las Palmas de Cataño.[28]

Name[edit]

Aside of its name, derived from its original owner, Cataño has several nicknames. The city is known as "La Antesala de la Capital" (the Foyer of the Capital) because of its location across the bay from the capital-city of San Juan. In the 1960s, the residents of Cataño jokingly called it "Fanguito Town" because of its many muddy streets.[29][30][31][32]

Education[edit]

Cataño has several public and private schools managed by the Puerto Rico Department of Education.

Transportation[edit]

Puente Blanco Bridge, Barrio Palmas neighborhood, Cataño, Cataño Municipio, PR

Puerto Rico Highway 22 provides access to Cataño from San Juan or from other adjacent towns. Like most other towns in the island, it has a public transportation system consisting of public cars. Taxis are also available around the town.

Cataño also has a ferry service known as La Lancha de Cataño, or the Ferry of Cataño. The ferry service, which has been working since 1853, operates a five-minute harbor route between Cataño and Old San Juan, and vice versa daily. There is a large ferry terminal at Cataño, and tourists can enjoy the view of the Castillo del Morro and the large cruise ships docked at the old San Juan terminal during this journey.[33]

There are 16 bridges in Cataño.[5]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2009-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2009-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b "Cataño Municipality". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Archived from the original on 2018-07-11. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  4. ^ "Mapa de Municipios y Barrios: Cataño (1947)". Issuu (in Latin). Retrieved 2020-07-22.
  5. ^ a b "Cataño Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on 21 February 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Rios de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 23, 2008.
  7. ^ "Jacksonville District Navigable Waters Lists" (PDF). saj usace army mil. SAJ. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-01-26. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Enciclopedia del Municipio de Cataño: Municipios" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2018-05-30. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  9. ^ "Map of Cataño at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-24.
  10. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Agencia: Oficina del Coordinador General para el Financiamiento Socioeconómico y la Autogestión (Proposed 2016 Budget)". Puerto Rico Budgets (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  12. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza: Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (first ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  13. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  14. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza: Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (1st ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 274, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  15. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Puerto Rico Festivales, Eventos y Actividades en Puerto Rico". Puerto Rico Hoteles y Paradores (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-07-17.
  17. ^ "Las 1,200 playas de Puerto Rico [The 1200 beaches of Puerto Rico]". Primera Hora (in Spanish). April 14, 2017. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  18. ^ "Casa Bacardí". Atlas Obscura. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  19. ^ "Puerto Rico's Christopher Columbus Statue Survives Hurricane Maria". NPR. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  20. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  22. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  23. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  24. ^ Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  25. ^ "Ethnicity 2000 census" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2009-03-31.
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-30. Retrieved 2009-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ Elecciones Generales 2008: Escrutinio General Archived November 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  28. ^ a b c d "CATAÑO". LexJuris (Leyes y Jurisprudencia) de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). 19 February 2020. Archived from the original on 19 February 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  29. ^ Schorr, Alvin Louis (1963). Slums and social insecurity, an appraisal of the effectiveness of housing policies in helping to eliminate poverty in the United States. Washington DC: Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Office. p. 8.
  30. ^ Rivero, Yeidy M. (2004). "Caribbean Negritos Ramón Rivero, Blackface, and "Black" Voice in Puerto Rico". Television & New Media. 5 (4): 315–3. doi:10.1177/1527476404268424.
  31. ^ Torres, Daniel (2009). "Review: Review Essay: Estudios queer puertorriqueños". Chasqui. 38 (2): 141–147.
  32. ^ Foster, William Z. (1948). The crime of El Fanguito : an open letter to President Truman on Puerto Rico. New York: New Century Publishers. Archived from the original on 2016-03-17. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  33. ^ Caro, Leysa (May 8, 2016). "Larga historia en la lancha de Cataño". El Nuevo Día. Archived from the original on May 9, 2016. Retrieved May 8, 2016.

External links[edit]