Cazenove (stock broker)
This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Cazenove was a British stockbroker and investment bank, founded in 1823 by Philip Cazenove. It was one of the UK's last independent investment banks and one of the last to remain a private partnership. The main parts of the business were acquired by JPMorgan Chase in 2009 with the remains being sold to other financial institutions.
The Partnership was well known for its 'blue-blooded' reputation and its complete aversion to publicity. It was one of the most successful brokers and corporate advisers in London, being described by the Financial Times as 'dominant' and as having an 'aura'.
The company has its roots in the early Huguenot financiers who left France for Geneva in 1685 after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, which established Catholicism as the state religion of France. Among those were members of the Cazenove family, who later left Geneva for the UK seeking wealth and freedom in the City of London.
In 1819 Philip Cazenove first joined the business of his brother-in-law John Francis Menet (John Menet had married Philip Cazenove's sister Louisa in 1805). Cazenove and Menet become partners, and in 1823 the firm of Cazenove started. After Menet died, Cazenove entered into a partnership with Joseph Laurence and Charles Pearce.
In 1854 Cazenove branched out on his own, and later he formed a new partnership with his son and nephew. The stockbroker firm continued to develop and by the 1930s had become one of the leading stockbroking partnerships in London.
The company played a major part as advisor in most of Margaret Thatcher's UK Government's privatisation issues in the 1980s.
Change of corporate structure
In 2000, Cazenove & Co announced its intention to dissolve the partnership, incorporate, and then float on the London Stock Exchange. The company duly incorporated and raised funds from institutional investors, However the company's ambition to list publicly was hampered by poor market conditions in the UK in 2001 and 2002. The post float period did see the company open offices in Frankfurt, Paris and Beijing as well as restructuring its fund management business.
Merger with JPMorgan Chase
In November 2004, Cazenove and JPMorgan Chase announced an agreement that JP Morgan would buy a 50% stake in Cazenove and merge their UK investment banking operations, with an option to buy the remaining 50% stake within five years.
In 2009, JPMorgan completed the purchase for £1 billion; the combined business continued to be called J.P. Morgan Cazenove. JP Morgan Cazenove completed the sale of its Asian business, Cazenove Asia, to a subsidiary of Standard Chartered, Standard Chartered Bank in Hong Kong that year.
In 2003/04 Cazenove had a turnover of £251.4m ($452m) and was composed of:
- JPMorgan Cazenove: a joint venture, established in 2004, that combined Cazenove's investment banking operations with JPMorgan's UK investment banking business. This business was fully acquired by JPMorgan in 2009.
- Cazenove Capital Management: £7.6bn in assets under management. This business continued independently, and was acquired by Schroders in July 2013.
- Cazenove Private Equity: was spun out as a private equity firm and would become DFJ Esprit.
- Cazenove Asia Limited was the regional office of Cazenove in the Asia-Pacific region, with offices in Hong Kong, Shanghai, Beijing and Singapore. This business was acquired by Standard Chartered PLC in February 2009.
The last Cazenove to work for the company was Bernard Cazenove, formerly head of the fund management business. He retired in December 2004, just before the JPMorgan merger. Bernard is a direct descendant of the founder of the firm: he is Philip Cazenove's great-great-great-grandson and his father and great-grandfather were also partners.
- "Mayhew era ends after 42 years at Cazenove". Financial Times. November 28, 2011.
- "Mayhew is the key to keeping Cazenove's culture safe". Financial Times. November 16, 2009.
- "Cazenove: a brief history of the 'Queen's broker'". Financial News - Dow Jones. November 20, 2009.
- Treanor, Jill (28 November 2000). "Cazenove to float in 2002". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- Hume, Neil (26 April 2001). "Stake sale values Cazenove at £1.2bn". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- Treanor, Jill; Larry Elliott (29 January 2003). "Cazenove pulls flotation as FTSE ends losing streak". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- Tran, Mark (5 November 2004). "Cazenove joins forces with JP Morgan". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- Treanor, Jill (19 November 2009). "Blue-blooded City broker Cazenove bought by US bank in £1bn deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- "Cazenove Capital Fund information". Schroders. 2 July 2013.
- Armitstead, Louise (14 November 2004). "The last Cazenove leaves The Bank". The Times. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- Garfield, Andrew (5 July 2000). "Cazenove: the Queen's stockbroker". The Independent. Retrieved 8 August 2010.