Central Pashto

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Central Pashto
Native toAfghanistan, Pakistan
EthnicityPashtuns (Pax̌tūn)
Native speakers
6.5 million (2013)[1]
Arabic (Pashto alphabet)
Official status
Regulated byAcademy of Sciences of Afghanistan
Language codes
ISO 639-3pst
Glottologcent1973[2]

Central Pashto (Pashto: منځنۍ پښتو) (manźanəi pax̌to) are the middle dialects: Dzadrani, Bannuchi and Waziri. [3] [4]


Here is a comparison of Middle Dialects with South Eastern:

Dialect ښ ږ څ ځ ژ
South Eastern Dialects e.g. Achakzai Tribe, Quetta Region etc. ʃ ʒ t͡s d͡z ʒ
Middle Dialect - Waziri ʃ in Waziri ʒ in Waziri t͡s d͡z ʒ
Middle Dialect - Dzadrani ç in Dzadrani ʝ in Dzadrani t͡s d͡z ʒ

Waziri[edit]

In Waziri Pashto there is also a vowel shift

In Waziri dialect the [ɑ] in most other dialects of Pashto becomes [ɔː] in Northern Waziri and [ɒː] in Southern Waziri.[5]

Meaning Standard Pashto N.Wazirwola S. Wazirwola
ماسته yougurt /mɑs.t̪əˈ/ /mɔːs.t̪əˈ/ /mɒːs.t̪əˈ/
پاڼه leaf /pɑ.ɳaˈ/ /pɔːˈ.ɳjɛː/ /pɒːˈ.ɳjɛː/

In Waziri dialect the stressed [o] in most other dialects of Pashto becomes [œː] and [ɛː]. The [o] in general Pashto may also become [jɛ] or [wɛː]. [5]

Meaning Standard Pashto Wazirwola
لور sickle /lor/ /lœːr/
وړه flour /o.ɽəˈ/ /ɛː.ɽəˈ/
اوږه shoulder /o.ɡaˈ/ /jɛ.ɡaˈ/
اوس now /os/ /wɛːs/

In Waziri dialect the stressed [u] in general Pashto becomes []. [6]

Meaning Standard Pashto Wazirwola
موږ we /muɡ/ /miːʒ/
نوم name /num/ /niːm/

When [u] in begins a word in general Pashto can become [wiː], [jiː] or [w[ɛ]]

Meaning Standard Pashto Wazirwola
اوم raw /um/ /jiːm/
اوږه garlic /uˈ.ɡa/ /wiːˈ.ʒa/
اوده asleep /u.d̪əˈ/ /wɜ.d̪əˈ/

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Central Pashto at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Pashto". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Glottolog 4.3 - Central Pashto". glottolog.org. Retrieved 2020-10-16.
  4. ^ David, Anne Boyle (2014). Descriptive Grammar of Pashto and Its Dialects. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 37–40. ISBN 978-1-61451-303-2.
  5. ^ a b Kaye (1997), p. 748.
  6. ^ Kaye (1997), p. 749.

External links[edit]