Charles Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart

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Charles Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart

Lord Cathcart by Joshua Reynolds (1753–55) Manchester Art Gallery
Ambassador from Great Britain to Russia
In office
February 1768 – 1772
Preceded byGeorge Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney
Succeeded bySir Robert Gunning, 1st Baronet
Personal details
Born21 March 1721
Died14 August 1776 (aged 55)
Spouse(s)Jane Hamilton
OccupationDiplomat, soldier
Military service
Nickname(s)Patch Cathcart
AllegianceKingdom of Great Britain
Branch/serviceBritish Army
Battles/warsWar of the Austrian Succession

Jacobite Rising of 1745

Lieutenant-General Charles Schaw Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart, KT (21 March 1721 – 14 August 1776) was a British soldier and diplomat. He was also chief of the Clan Cathcart.


The son of Charles Cathcart, 8th Lord Cathcart, and Marion Shaw, he was born on 21 March 1721. Opposed to the restoration of the Stuart monarchy, he became an aide-de-camp to the Duke of Cumberland and during the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745, was shot in the face. Joshua Reynolds' portrait (1753–55) shows the black silk patch he used to cover the scar on his cheek. This seemingly earned him the soubriquet 'Patch Cathcart'. The following year at the Battle of Culloden, again acting as ADC to Cumberland, Cathcart was once more wounded in battle.

Charles was the last Lord Cathcart to inherit the family estate of Sundrum. Upon inheriting his mother's estates in Greenock he sold Sundrum to James Murray of Broughton in 1758.

In 1763 he was created a Knight of the Order of the Thistle.

In February 1768 he was appointed ambassador at St Petersburg and was well received by Catherine the Great. He served at the Russian court until 1772. On his return to Britain he was elected Rector of Glasgow University in 1773.

He died on 14 August 1776.

Personal life and children[edit]

On 24 July 1753 he married Jane Hamilton (1722–1771), daughter of Captain Lord Archibald Hamilton and Lady Jane Hamilton.

They had nine children:


He held the following ranks:[2]


  1. ^ "The Honourable Mrs Graham (1757–1792)". National Galleries Scotland.
  2. ^ "Cathcart, Lord (S, c. 1452)". 31 March 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2017.

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir George Macartney
Ambassador from Great Britain to Russia
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Gunning
Academic offices
Preceded by
Lord Frederick Campbell
Rector of the University of Glasgow
Succeeded by
Sir James Montgomery
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Charles Cathcart
Lord Cathcart
Succeeded by
William Cathcart