Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry

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3rd Duke of Queensberry by Thomas Hudson, after 1750

Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry, 2nd Duke of Dover, PC (24 November 1698 – 22 October 1778[1]) was a Scottish nobleman, extensive landowner, Privy Counsellor and Vice Admiral of Scotland.


The younger son of James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, 1st Duke of Dover, and Mary Boyle, daughter of Charles Boyle, 3rd Viscount Dungarvan,[2] on 17 June 1706 while still a child he was created in his own right Lord Douglas of Lockerbie, Dalveen and Thornhill, Viscount of Tiberris and Earl of Solway. In 1711 he succeeded his father as Duke of Queensberry, thanks to a grant of novodamus which excluded his mentally ill older brother James Douglas from the succession to the Dukedom, but left James the Marquessate of the same name.[3] Upon his brother's death in 1715 he succeeded him as the 4th Marquess of Queensberry.

On 10 March 1720 he married Lady Catherine Hyde, a daughter of Henry Hyde, 4th Earl of Clarendon, but they had no surviving children.[2]

In 1728 Queensberry took up the cause of John Gay, who was friendly with his wife,[4] when a licence for his opera Polly was refused. He quarrelled with George II and resigned his appointments in the same year. He was a founding governor of the Foundling Hospital, created in 1739. He was appointed Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland in 1761 and was Lord Justice General from 1763 until his death in 1778. As there we no heirs, his English titles, including the dukedom of Dover, became extinct, but the Queensberry title passed to his cousin, William Douglas.[4]


  1. ^ Sancho, Ignatius; Jekyll, Joseph (1782). Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, an African ...: To which are Prefixed, Memoirs of His Life ... J. Nichols.
  2. ^ a b "Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry". The Peerage. 15 May 2010.
  3. ^ The genealogy of the existing British peerage: with sketches of the family, Edmund Lodge
  4. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Queensberry, Earls, Marquesses and Dukes of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 731.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Earl of Rothes
Vice Admiral of Scotland
Succeeded by
Earl of Stair
Preceded by
Earl of Islay
Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland
Succeeded by
Duke of Atholl
Legal offices
Preceded by
Marquess of Tweeddale
Lord Justice General
Succeeded by
Earl of Mansfield
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Winchilsea and Nottingham
Senior Privy Counsellor
Succeeded by
The Earl of Sandwich
Peerage of Scotland
New title Lord Douglas of Lockerbie, Dalveen and Thornhill
Viscount of Tiberris
Earl of Solway
Preceded by
James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry
Duke of Dover
Duke of Queensberry
Succeeded by
William Douglas, 4th Duke of Queensberry
Preceded by
James Douglas, 3rd Marquess of Queensberry
Marquess of Queensberry