Chesham and Amersham (UK Parliament constituency)
|Chesham and Amersham|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Chesham and Amersham in Buckinghamshire
Location of Buckinghamshire within England
|Population||92,635 (2011 UK Census)|
|Major settlements||Chesham and Amersham|
|Member of Parliament||Cheryl Gillan (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South Buckinghamshire and Aylesbury|
Contents and regional context
Formed as a new county constituency for the February 1974 general election, comprising the southern part of the Rural District of Amersham, including Amersham and the Chalfonts, previously part of the abolished constituency of South Buckinghamshire, and Chesham and the northern part of the Rural District of Amersham, transferred from Aylesbury.
General elections have seen a Conservative winning margin of between 10,416 and 22,220 votes since the seat's creation.
In every election except two, Liberals, or subsequently Liberal Democrats, have come second with results as high as 31.15% of the votes cast.
Labour have only come second twice, never achieving higher than 20.6%.
In June 2016, an estimated 55% of local adults voting in the EU membership referendum in the constituency voted to remain in the European Union. The estimated turnout of 83.6% was highest turnout of any constituency in the UK, the only higher turnout in the referendum being Gibraltar. . In the 2019 EU Parliament elections, over 50% voted for parties supporting continued UK membership of the EU on a turnout of 42.8%. The pro-EU Liberal Democrats were the most popular party with 31.9%, with the pro-Leave Brexit Party in second place with 30%.. Despite the seat's Remain-stance, its pro-Brexit MP, Dame Cheryl Gillan, has been re-elected with over half the vote in both the General Elections since the Referendum, albeit with a reduced majority.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1974–1983: The Urban District of Chesham, and the Rural District of Amersham.
1983–1997: The District of Chiltern wards of Amersham Common, Amersham-on-the-Hill, Amersham Town, Asheridge Vale, Ashley Green and Latimer, Austenwood, Chalfont Common, Chalfont St Giles, Chalfont St Peter Central, Chartridge, Chenies, Chesham Bois and Weedon Hill, Cholesbury and The Lee, Coleshill and Penn Street, Gold Hill, Hilltop, Holmer Green, Little Chalfont, Little Missenden, Lowndes, Newtown, Penn, Pond Park, St Mary's, Seer Green and Jordans, Townsend, and Waterside, and the District of Wycombe wards of Hazlemere North and Hazlemere South.
1997–2010: All the wards of the District of Chiltern except the wards of Ballinger and South Heath, Great Missenden, and Prestwood and Heath End, and the District of Wycombe wards of Hazlemere Central, Hazlemere East and Hazlemere West.
2010–present: The District of Chiltern wards of Amersham Common, Amersham-on-the-Hill, Amersham Town, Asheridge Vale and Lowndes, Ashley Green, Latimer and Chenies, Austenwood, Ballinger, South Heath and Chartridge, Central, Chalfont Common, Chalfont St Giles, Chesham Bois and Weedon Hill, Cholesbury, The Lee and Bellingdon, Gold Hill, Great Missenden, Hilltop and Townsend, Holmer Green, Little Chalfont, Little Missenden, Newtown, Penn and Coleshill, Prestwood and Heath End, Ridgeway, St Mary's and Waterside, Seer Green, and Vale.
Great Missenden transferred back from Aylesbury and Hazlemere returned to Wycombe.
The constituency is in Buckinghamshire and coincides with the Chiltern Local Government District. It includes the towns of Chesham and Amersham and outlying rural village settlements within the Metropolitan Green Belt and partly also within the Chilterns AONB. The area is connected with central London by the Metropolitan line of London Underground and the London to Aylesbury Line operated by Chiltern Railways. The constituency is also close to the M40 motorway and is one the Conservatives' safest seats, home to many affluent professionals and commuters to London.
Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they did not come into effect for the 2019 election, which was contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Sir Ian Gilmour||Conservative|
|1992||Dame Cheryl Gillan||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Dan Gallagher||14,627||26.3||13.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Jones||7,179||13.0||4.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Kirsten Johnson||4,761||9.0||-19.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Tim Starkey||14,948||28.5||+2.3|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||John Ford||11,821||25.1||+0.8|
|Liberal Democrats||John Ford||10,985||24.3||+0.4|
|ProLife Alliance||Gillian Duval||453||1.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Michael Brand||12,439||23.83||-0.67|
|Natural Law||Hugh Godfrey||74||0.14||-0.26|
|Liberal Democrats||Andrew Ketteringham||14,053||24.5||−2.6|
|Natural Law||MTL Griffith-Jones||255||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|Labour||Elizabeth M. Barratt||7,645||14.26|
|National Front||S Clinch||697||1.30|
Notes and references
- "Chesham and Amersham: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "EU Referendum Results and Turnout". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
- "European Union Parliamentary Election Result". Chiltern District Council. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Archived from the original on 15 February 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Chesham and Amersham 1974-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)
- "Chesham & Amersham Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- "Chesham & Amersham parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 November 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Chesham and Amersham — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.