Chinese Culture Center
|Type||501(c)(3) nonprofit advocacy organization|
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The Chinese Culture Center (simplified Chinese: 旧金山中华文化中心; traditional Chinese: 舊金山中華文化中心; pinyin: Jiùjīnshān Zhōnghuá Wénhuà Zhōngxīn; Jyutping: Gau6gam1saan1 Zung1waa4 Man4faa3 Zung1sam1) of San Francisco, California, United States, is a community-based, non-profit organization established in 1965 as the operations center of the Chinese Culture Foundation.
The CCC’s activities have shifted focus throughout its existence. In the 2010s the center focused on contemporary art exhibitions and interventions, under the vestige of the CCC Visual Arts Center, as well as on radical, social justice education initiatives, under the vestige of the Him Mark Lai Learning Center.
The Center is located inside the Hilton San Francisco Financial District, at 750 Kearny Street, #3, San Francisco, CA, 94108.
The facilities of the Center, totaling 20,000 square feet (1,900 m2), include a 299-seat auditorium, a 2,935-square-foot (272.7 m2) gallery, a gallery shop, classroom, and offices. It is located between Chinatown and the Financial District.
Founding and building
The city government put up city-owned land that formerly housed the Hall of Justice for sale. As a compromise, founder J.K. Choy struck a deal with the developer for a 20,000 square foot facility dedicated to community cultural activities.
The Chinese Culture Foundation of San Francisco incorporated on October 15, 1965. Another compromise led to the modification of the planned Portsmouth Square Pedestrian Bridge to accommodate the future activities. Holiday Inn was completed in January 1971, while the bridge was completed in August 1971. After some political tensions between CCF and the heavily Nationalist majority faction in Chinatown, work began on the Chinese Culture Center facilities on January 27, 1973.
Early activities were marked by a desire to be non-controversial and non-political because of tense Taiwanese-PRC relations and factions within Chinatown.
The Center began hosting workshops and classes on Mandarin language, folklore, martial arts, music, painting and calligraphy, crafts, drama, dance, and shadow play. It also held celebrations of the Spring Festival and Mid-Autumn Festival. Docent-guided tours of Chinatown began in 1974.
Some of the CCC's early art programs were coordinated with local museums, such as the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco.
'80s and '90s
1989, CCC received a grant to implement an annual program called In Search of Roots. Each year, ten American-born Chinese youth interns who wished to trace their ancestries to the Pearl River Delta, under CCC guidance, researched their family histories, visited their ancestral villages, and contributed findings to an annual CCC exhibit.
Following relaxation of US-PRC relations, CCC began sponsoring public lectures on Chinese arts and culture by scholars. After the Chinese economic reform and democracy in the Republic of China on Taiwan, the Two Chinas became less hostile, so older Chinatown organizations began to cooperate with the Chinese Culture Center in the 1990s.
With the hire of Abby Chen as Program Director in 2008, the Chinese Culture Center began to focus solely on contemporary art, an initiative rebranded as the CCC Visual Arts Center. The Center began publishing catalogues of its exhibitions for sale and archival purposes for archives such as Asia Art Archive.
CCC’s education initiative was dedicated as the Him Mark Lai Learning Center in 2013.
Focusing on community-based, socially-engaged art interventions, in 2013, CCC opened 41 Ross, a pop-up art gallery space in historic Ross Alley that promotes dialogue amongst artists and local residents. 41 Ross is operated in partnership with the Chinatown Community Development Center.
CCC’s public artwork, Sky Bridge, was honored as the "Best Public Art" of 2015 by KQED.
In 2016, the Portsmouth Square Pedestrian Bridge was dedicated as the Rolland Lowe Bridge in honor of the Lowe family's patronage and strong support of CCC.
Current arts programs
In the CCC Visual Arts Center, CCC has produced over 100 quarterly, rotating gallery exhibitions of various styles, media, and modalities.
These exhibitions are centered on the XianRui 鮮銳 Artist Excellence Series (also known as "Fresharp") curated by Abby Chen. XianRui鮮銳 is an award-based solo exhibition that rewards innovative, mid-career, contemporary Chinese and Chinese-American artists.
XianRui鮮銳 has included:
- Beili Liu’s Lure (2008): A series of installations of thousands of hand-coiled disks of red thread suspended from the ceiling, borrowing from the ancient Chinese legend of The Red Thread.
- Stella Zhang’s 0 Viewpoint (2010): Sculptural, monochromatic installations and sculptures exploring femininity, sexuality, and nationality.
- Zheng Chongbin’s White Ink (2011): Fifteen new and site-specific large scale abstract ink paintings and video projections, innovating traditional Chinese ink painting.
- Summer Mei Ling Lee’s Into the Nearness of Distance (2014): Experimental installation exploring and transcending complications of inter- and counter-relationships.
WOMEN我們, a traveling exhibition curated by the CCC's program director Abby Chen that examined feminist, queer, and gender-expansive arts-activism in contemporary China, opened in Shanghai in 2011, came to the CCC Visual Arts Center in 2012, and was exhibited in Miami in 2013.
CCC’s other exhibitions series include[when?] Episode, which invites guest curators and artists to expand CCC’s programmatic rhetoric, as well as Present Tense, which gives platform to young, emerging artists.
CCC’s recent[when?] initiatives focus on community-based arts in the form of public artworks as well as arts-based interventions. Much of this site-based art is rooted in 41 Ross, CCC's pop-up, collaborative art space that opened in 2013.
Notable public arts include:
- Central Subway Public Art Project (2013): A collection of murals by Justin Hoover in Wentworth Alley.
- Sky Bridge (2015): A temporary public artwork by Beili Liu consisting of 50,000 pieces of reflective mylar epoxied to the Lowe Pedestrian Bridge to reflect the sky.
- Liminal Space (2016) A public art installation of an ocean projected in Ross Alley by Summer Mei-Ling Lee.
- St. Mary’s Square (TBD): An application-based, community-juried art installation in St. Mary’s Square.
Notable arts-based interventions include:
- Occupy Shanghai Subway (2012): A public intervention in which feminist activists donned artworks from WOMEN我們 and held signs in the subway to protest sexual harassment.
- San Francisco Chinatown Keywords School (2013): A socially-engaged art project and relational aesthetics work by artist Xu Tan. Public space was transformed into a workshop for youth to collect, explore, and create "key words" via artistic analysis and creation.
- Sunrise (2016): A space-based intervention that transforms the Rolland Lowe Pedestrian Bridge into a park with landscape design and a mosaic by Mik Gaspay.
Current education and engagement programs
CCC’s education initiative was dedicated as the Him Mark Lai Learning Center in 2013, serving as the hub for its tours, both Chinatown Walking Tours and Roots Excursions, as well as lectures, rebranded as Thought Leader Seminars.
Docent-led Chinatown Walking Tours are aimed towards tourists, activists, as well as school groups, locally and nationally. Current tours include:
- From Dynasty to Democracy Walk: Social justice-oriented tour that reconciles Chinatown activism history beginning in the 1800s with civil rights movements at large.
- Art Walk: Highlights both historical and contemporary community-based arts and culture in Chinatown.
California Roots Excursions, reimagining the original program, In Search of Roots, explores Chinese American migration history. Current excursions include:
- Roots Excursion to Locke: Tour of Locke, one of the few remaining Chinese communities out of hundreds that existed.
- Roots Excursion to Monterey: Tour of Monterey where Chinese families landed in the 1850s to create the abalone and squid industry.
Thought Leader Seminars
CCC’s Thought Leader Seminars invite scholars, artists, and activists for public lectures that expound upon the organization's educational and artistic programs. Recent[when?] seminar leaders include Timmy Yip, Gordon H. Chang, Yu Xinqiao, and Elizabeth Sinn.
CCC has also continued to put on festivals for citywide audiences and Chinatown residents, activating Chinatown with political and artistic consciousness by inviting local artists to intervene in local spaces. These include the Chinatown Music Festival in late summer, the Spring Festival in the spring, and Dancing on Waverly in early fall.
- Yerba Buena Center for the Arts
- Museum of the African Diaspora
- Asian Art Museum of San Francisco
- Chinese Historical Society of America (also based in San Francisco)
- Museum of Chinese in America (based in New York City)
- History of the Chinese Americans in San Francisco
- Yeh, Chiou-ling (2008). Making an American Festival: Chinese New Year in San Francisco's Chinatown. University of California Press. pp. 138–141. ISBN 978-0-520-25351-3.
- "Into the Nearness of Distance". Asia Art Archive in America. 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2019-02-09.
- "Chinatown's Ross Alley Transformed with Ripples of Immigrant History". KQED. 2017-03-01. Retrieved 2019-02-10.