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Other namesCholic
Cruikshank - The Cholic.png
The cholic (1819) George Cruikshank
SpecialtyPediatrics Edit this on Wikidata

Colic is a form of pain that starts and stops abruptly. It occurs due to muscular contractions of a hollow tube (colon, ureter, gall bladder, etc.) in an attempt to relieve an obstruction by forcing content out. It may be accompanied by vomiting and sweating.[1] Types include:

  • Baby colic, a condition, usually in infants, characterized by incessant crying
  • Renal colic, a pain in the flank, characteristic of kidney stones
  • Biliary colic, blockage by a gallstone of the common bile duct or cystic duct
  • Horse colic, a potentially fatal condition experienced by horses, caused by intestinal displacement or blockage
  • Devon colic, an affliction caused by lead poisoning
  • Painter's colic or lead poisoning

The term is from Greek κολικός kolikos, "relative to the colon".


  1. ^ Bhat, Sriram (2013). SRB's Manual of Surgery. p. 364. ISBN 9789350259443

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