Colton, South Dakota

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Colton, South Dakota
Location in Minnehaha County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Minnehaha County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°47′15″N 96°55′38″W / 43.78750°N 96.92722°W / 43.78750; -96.92722Coordinates: 43°47′15″N 96°55′38″W / 43.78750°N 96.92722°W / 43.78750; -96.92722
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
CountyMinnehaha
Incorporated1904[1]
Area
 • Total0.70 sq mi (1.82 km2)
 • Land0.70 sq mi (1.82 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,604 ft (489 m)
Population
 • Total687
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
677
 • Density965.76/sq mi (372.75/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
57018
Area code(s)605
FIPS code46-13380
GNIS feature ID1254438[5]
Websitehttp://www.coltonsd.com/

Colton is a city in Minnehaha County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 687 at the 2010 census.

Colton has the name of J. E. Colton, a railroad official.[6]

History[edit]

Creation[edit]

The town started with a creamery in 1897, made by J. E. Colton. Other businesses started to form around the creamery, making a Main Street. In 1901, the founder started a newspaper called "The Colton Courier" that stayed in place for years. The three other shareowners were W. O. Colton and Dave Crooks, the founder of Colton's Neighboring town, Crooks. Between 1905 and 1906 a railroad was built through Colton, which used to have passenger service. J. E. Colton was 53 years old when he died in 1910.

Schools[edit]

The first Colton school was made in 1879 by the town's founder, J. E. Colton, and was a one-room schoolhouse. From 1903 to 1905 a new, larger schoolhouse was built in place of the old one and began to teach high school subjects. In 1907 a high school was built that was meant to put students through for two years each. It met that goal, but lasted no more than two years, being put out of use in 1909. 1913 started a new four-year high school with six teachers that lasted much longer. Near the end of 1924, a new school was built out of brick. It used the same standard system as the previous school. The school stopped being used in 1967 when the school of Tri-Valley was constructed, which combined the students of several small towns.

Geography[edit]

Colton is located at 43°47′15″N 96°55′38″W / 43.78750°N 96.92722°W / 43.78750; -96.92722 (43.787411, -96.927349).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.70 square miles (1.81 km2), all of it land.[8]

Colton has been assigned the ZIP code 57018 and the FIPS place code 13380.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910407
192060849.4%
1930575−5.4%
19406157.0%
1950521−15.3%
196059313.8%
19706011.3%
198075726.0%
1990657−13.2%
20006620.8%
20106873.8%
Est. 2018677[4]−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 687 people, 302 households, and 184 families residing in the city. The population density was 981.4 inhabitants per square mile (378.9/km2). There were 320 housing units at an average density of 457.1 per square mile (176.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.4% White, 0.1% African American, 0.7% Native American, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 302 households, of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.1% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 36.1 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.2% were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 662 people, 266 households, and 184 families residing in the city. The population density was 948.1 people per square mile (365.1/km2). There were 285 housing units at an average density of 408.2 per square mile (157.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.09% White, 0.30% Native American, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population.

There were 266 households, out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.5% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,054, and the median income for a family was $45,139. Males had a median income of $28,958 versus $22,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,189. About 3.6% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
  2. ^ "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. June 27, 2019. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 32.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-06-26. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 23, 2013.