Commonwealth Games Australia
|Predecessor||Australian Commonwealth Games Association|
|Headquarters||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
Patron in Chief
|His Excellency General the Honourable David Hurley AC DSC (Retd) (Governor General of the Commonwealth of Australia)|
|Scott Morrison (Prime Minister of Australia)|
Commonwealth Games Australia (CGA) is the Commonwealth Games Association for Australia, and is responsible for representing and promoting the Commonwealth Sport movement in the country, and organises the participation of athletes at the Commonwealth Games and Commonwealth Youth Games. The Commonwealth Games have been held in Australia five times, most recently the 2018 Commonwealth Games were held on the Gold Coast, Queensland.
|Part of a series on|
Working with the national governing bodies of each sport, Commonwealth Games Australia selects Team Australia's members to compete in all sports at the Commonwealth Games and Commonwealth Youth Games. The CGA is independent and receives no funding from the government. The non-profit organisation's income comes from fundraising and events.
It was established in October 1929 as the Australian British Empire Games Committee with E.S. Marks as Chairman and James. S.W. Eve as Honorary Secretary. It has also known as Australian British Empire Games Association, Australian British Empire & Commonwealth Association, Australian British Commonwealth Games Association and Australian Commonwealth Games Association.
Australian British Empire Games Committee (1929-1932)
|October 1929||E.S.Marks||James Eve|
Australian British Empire Games Association (1932-1953)
|October 1932||E.S.Marks||James Eve|
|June 1938-1949||E.S.Marks*||James Eve|
|February 1949||Harold Alderson||James Eve|
|January 1951||Harold Alderson||James Eve|
(*) died in 1947
Australian British Empire & Commonwealth Association (1953-1966)
|June 1953-1965||Harold Alderson||James Eve|
|June 1965-1968||Harold Alderson||James Eve|
Australian British Commonwealth Games Association (1966-1974)
|November 1968||Harold Alderson||James Eve|
|November 1969-1973||Harold Alderson||Arthur Tunstall|
Australian Commonwealth Games Association (1974-2015)
|June 1974-1977||Edgar Tanner||Arthur Tunstall|
|1977-1979||William Young||Arthur Tunstall|
|1979-1987||Les Martyn||Arthur Tunstall|
|1987-1998||Ray Godkin||Arthur Tunstall|
|1998-November 1999||Sam Coffa||Perry Crosswhite|
|Dates||President||Chief Executive Officer|
|1999-2015||Sam Coffa||Perry Crosswhite|
Commonwealth Games Australia (2015-)
|Dates||President||Chief Executive Officer|
|2015-2018||Sam Coffa||Craig Phillips|
|2018-||Ben Houston||Craig Phillips|
The main functions of the CGA are to:
- Promote the ideals of the Commonwealth Games throughout Australia;
- Prepare athletes for the Games by providing support such as funding for international competition;
- Select athletes, coaches, managers, medical personnel and officials to be included in the Australian Team at the Games;
- Coordinate and manage the participation of Program Sports and their respective athletes and officials at the Commonwealth Games;
- Contribute to the development of Australia's high performance junior athletes through the Australian Junior Commonwealth Games Squad Program (AJCGS), and through participation in the Commonwealth Youth Games.
From the concept of "a British Empire Sports Festival" by the Englishman, J Astley Cooper, the idea was promoted in Australia by B J Parkinson  in Victoria and Richard Coombes in New South Wales who was President of the Amateur Athletic Union of Australia.Australia has won the medal tally at 13 Commonwealth games.
Australia first competed at the Games, then titled the British Empire Games, in 1930; and is one of only six countries to have sent athletes to every Commonwealth Games. The others are Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales.
Australia has placed first at 13 out of the 21 games (compared with England 7 and Canada 1) and has been in the top three for all meets except the first games in 1930.
In all but one of the 18 Commonwealth Games held so far (excluding the 1978 Games), the Australian flag bearer has gone on to win a gold medal.
Australia has hosted the Commonwealth Games on four occasions but have only won once via an international vote. That vote was for the host of the 2018 games, won by the Gold Coast.
Sydney 1938 was simply awarded.
Perth 1962 was a contest between Adelaide and Perth which Adelaide originally won at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia. Adelaide first won 13 votes to Perth's 3. Two years later that was overturned by the Australian Commonwealth Games Association prior to the 1958 British Empire Games in Cardiff, Wales. A New Vote awarded Perth with a 9 to 7 vote.
Brisbane 1982 was awarded after Lagos, Nigeria; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Birmingham, England all withdrew prior to the Bid vote that took place in Montreal, Quebec, Canada during the 1976 Summer Olympics.
Melbourne 2006 was awarded to the city after Wellington, New Zealand withdrew their bid prior to the Bid Lodgement Deadline.
|Year||Host City, State||Years Between|
|2018 Commonwealth Games||Gold Coast, Queensland||12|
|2006 Commonwealth Games||Melbourne, Victoria||24|
|1982 Commonwealth Games||Brisbane, Queensland||20|
|1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games||Perth, Western Australia||24|
|1938 British Empire Games||Sydney, New South Wales||-|
Failed bid Results
|Year||Australian Candidate City||Winning City||Vote Tally|
|1974 Commonwealth Games||Melbourne||Christchurch||2-36|
|1998 Commonwealth Games||Adelaide||Kuala Lumpur||25-40|
- "About Commonwealth Games Australia Association". Commonwealth Games Australia. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- Australian Commonwealth Games Association (2014). Australian team : Glasgow 2014, handbook 23 July - 3 August. Melbourne: Australian Commonwealth Games Association.
- "PAN-BRITANNIC GAMES". The Referee. Sydney: National Library of Australia. 25 January 1899. p. 10. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
- "OLYMPIC COUNCILS". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 27 January 1914. p. 4. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
- Henniker, Garth; Jobling, Ian F (November 1989), "Richard Coombes and the Olympic movement in Australia: imperialism and nationalism in action", Sporting Traditions, 6 (1): 2–15, ISSN 0813-2577
- "Saville to carry Commonwealth Games flag". Archived from the original on 2007-03-30. Retrieved 2006-03-30.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)