Congressional Hispanic Conference
The Congressional Hispanic Conference (CHC) is a Republican Party-controlled caucus in the United States Congress. Currently with 13 members, the CHC was formed in 2003, with the stated goal of promoting policy outcomes of importance to Americans of Hispanic or Latino and Portuguese descent. These priorities included support of the following: then-President George W. Bush and American troops in the war against terrorism; the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA); tax relief to families and the over two million Hispanic- and Portuguese-owned small businesses; support for faith based initiatives; and, educational choice for all. The impetus behind the Conference's creation was the debate surrounding the nomination of conservative lawyer Miguel Estrada to the DC Circuit Court of Appeals. The Congressional Hispanic Conference should not be confused with the older Congressional Hispanic Caucus, which is another congressional organization populated by Democratic congress members.
In the mid to late 1990s, the Republican members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus – Mexican-American Henry Bonilla of Texas and Cuban-Americans Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and Lincoln Diaz-Balart of Florida – left the Caucus in protest over its support for improved relations with Cuba. While Ros-Lehtinen remained an active member of the CHC's public outreach arm, the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute, the Caucus has since been composed solely of Democratic and Democratic-caucusing independent legislators.
Feeling there was "significant need" for a "new Hispanic conference" newly elected Florida congressman Mario Diaz-Balart began to organize in 2002 a caucus for Hispanic Republicans to counter what they felt was Democratic dominance over Hispanic political affairs. On March 17, 2003, Diaz-Balart revealed the formation of the Conference in an open letter published in the Wall Street Journal. Joined by Bonilla, Ros-Lehtinen, his brother Lincoln, and newly elected colleague Devin Nunes, a California congressman of Portuguese (Azorean) descent, Diaz-Balart decried what he perceived as Hispanic Democratic efforts to derail the nomination of Estrada, a selection seen by some at the time as a possible fast track to the U.S. Supreme Court. The group was officially announced at a press conference two days later. They were soon joined by two more Portuguese American congressmen, Richard Pombo of California and Patrick Toomey of Pennsylvania.
Like their Democratic counterpart, the Conference allows members from the Senate. Mel Martinez, the first Cuban-American US Senator, joined the group shortly after his election in 2004. Additionally, the Conference is open to non-Hispanic "associate" members who represent districts with significant Hispanic populations or generally support its goals with regards to public policy. In 2003, Conference members also formed the Congressional Hispanic Leadership Institute as an equivalent to the Democratic CHC-affiliated CHCI.
In the 2006 and 2008 elections, the Conference suffered the loss of nearly half of their members to electoral defeat, attempts at higher office or resignations. Past chair Luis Fortuño left Congress after being elected Governor of Puerto Rico. After the 2010 midterm elections, six new Hispanic Republicans were elected to Congress: Senator Marco Rubio of Florida, Representatives David Rivera of Florida, Raúl Labrador of Idaho, Francisco Canseco and Bill Flores of Texas, and Jaime Herrera Beutler of Washington, as well as Portuguese American Senator Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania, who was a member of the conference when he served in the House.
- Rep. Carlos Curbelo (FL-26)
- Rep. Brian Mast (FL-18)
- Rep. Bill Flores (TX-17)
- Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler (WA-3)
- Rep. Raúl Labrador (ID-1)
- Rep. Alex Mooney (WV-2)
- Rep. Devin Nunes (CA-22)
- Rep. David Valadao (CA-21)
- Sen. Ted Cruz (Texas)
- Sen. Marco Rubio (Florida)
- Sen. Pat Toomey (Pennsylvania)
- Rep. Trent Franks (AZ-8)
- Rep. Randy Neugebauer (TX-19)
- Rep. Steve Pearce (NM-2)
- Rep. Pete Sessions (TX-32)
- 2003–2007: Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (FL-18)
- 2007–2009: Res. Comm. Luis Fortuño (PR-RC) (PNP/R)
- 2009–present: Rep. Mario Díaz-Balart (FL-25)
- Rep. Henry Bonilla 2003–2007
- Rep. Lincoln Díaz-Balart 2003–2011
- Rep. Quico Canseco 2011–2013
- Rep. Luis Fortuño 2005–2009
- Rep. Richard Pombo 2003–2007
- Rep. David Rivera 2011–2013
- Sen. Ben Nighthorse Campbell 2003–2005
- Sen. Mel Martinez 2005–2010
- Sen. John E. Sununu 2003–2009
- Congressional Hispanic Caucus
- Congressional caucus
- Hispanic and Latino Conservatism in the United States
- Henry Bonilla, et al., "We the (Hispanic) People...," Wall Street Journal (March 17, 2003)
- Julian Pecquet, "Latinos Take Over Washington," Adelante (April 2003)
- Maria Recio, "Hispanic Republicans Form Interest Group," Archived 2013-01-25 at Archive.is HispanicBusiness.com (March 19, 2003)
- CHCI, Board of Directors Archived 2009-07-15 at the Wayback Machine. CHCI. Accessed on May 5, 2009.
- Congressional Hispanic Caucus, CHC Main Page, Membership (sidebar) Archived 2009-05-27 at the Wayback Machine. Office of Nydia Velasquez. Accessed on May 31, 2009.
- Robert A. George, "Sonia Sotomayor (For life)," NBC Washington.com (May 28, 2009)
- Congressional Hispanic Conference, "The Congressional Hispanic Conference Applauds the Passage of the Naturalization Bill for Immigrant Service Men and Women," (press release) Hispania News (November 14, 2003)
- Office of Rep. J. Gresham Barrett, "Congressman Gresham Barrett Joins the Congressional Hispanic Conference," Archived 2008-11-01 at the Wayback Machine. (press release) House.gov (March 31, 2004)
- Office of Rep. Bob Beauprez, "Rep. Bob Beauprez of Colorado Joins the Congressional Hispanic Conference," Archived 2008-10-14 at the Wayback Machine. (press release) HispanicBusiness.com (April 27, 2004)