Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling and Wake

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Coordinates: 51°49′48″N 2°09′29″W / 51.82991°N 2.15812°W / 51.82991; -2.15812

A view down Cooper's Hill, from the start point of the race to the finish (where the dog-walkers are). The face of the hill itself is concave, and hence cannot be seen from this angle. The posts at the bottom are signs from the local council requesting that, to avoid soil erosion, people do not walk on the face of the hill. The posts are removed for the annual event.

The Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling and Wake is an annual event held on the Spring Bank Holiday at Cooper's Hill, near Gloucester in England.[1] It was traditionally held by and for the people who live in the local village of Brockworth, Gloucestershire, but now people from all over the world take part. The Guardian newspaper called it a "world-famous event", with winners from the United States, Australia, New Zealand and Nepal.[2]

The event is traditional and takes its name from the steep hill on which it occurs. Until recent years, it was managed in a quasi-official manner by nominated locals, but since 2010 the event has taken place spontaneously without any management.[3]

Format[edit]

From the top of the hill, a 7–9 pounds (3–4 kilograms) round of Double Gloucester cheese is sent rolling down the hill, and competitors then start racing down the hill after it.[4] The first person over the finish line at the bottom of the hill wins the cheese. The competitors are aiming to catch the cheese; however, it has around a one-second head start and can reach speeds up to 70 miles per hour (110 kilometres per hour),[4] enough to knock over and injure a spectator. In the 2013 competition, a foam replica replaced the cheese for reasons of safety.[2] The winner was given the prize of an actual cheese after the competition.

The Cheese Rollers pub in the nearby village of Shurdington, about 3 miles (5 kilometres) from Cooper's Hill, takes its name from the event. The nearest pubs to the event are The Cross Hands and The Victoria, both of which are in Brockworth, which competitors frequent for some pre-event Dutch courage or discussion of tactics and after the event for convalescence.

Video History[edit]

History[edit]

A race on 27 May 2013

This ceremony originally took place each Whit Monday, before it later transferred to the Spring Bank Holiday. Two possible origins have been proposed for the ceremony. The first is said that it evolved from a requirement for maintaining grazing rights on the common.[5]

The second proposal is pagan origins for the custom of rolling objects down the hill. It is thought that bundles of burning brushwood were rolled down the hill to represent the birth of the New Year after winter. Connected with this belief is the traditional scattering of buns, biscuits and sweets at the top of the hill by the Master of Ceremonies.[6] This is said to be a fertility rite to encourage the fruits of harvest.[5]

The first written evidence of cheese rolling is found from a message written to the Gloucester town crier in 1826, though even then it was apparent the event was an old tradition.[7] Each year, the event becomes more and more popular, with contestants coming from all across the world to compete, or even simply to watch.[1] In 1993, fifteen people were injured, four seriously, chasing cheeses down the one-in-three hill.[5]

In 2009 it was cancelled due to health and safety, In 2010 a group of journalists, with a group of locals, threw a smaller version, as in tradition, to keep grazing rights.

In 2011, Candis Phillips and Sara Stevens bought 4 cheeses, dressed them, and so the revival of this famous old tradition continued.

No-one's going to stop us doing it. They say it's not official, but we are all Brockworth people, and we're running the cheese today, so it is official. We strongly believe in it.

— Former winner Helen Thorpe in May 2011.[3]

The 2011 event took place without management, due to safety concerns over the number of people visiting the event,[8] resulting in the 'Save the Cheese Roll' campaign.[9] Despite the cancellation and lack of paramedics, around 500 people showed up in 2011 to hold some spontaneous races; no major injuries were reported.

The cheese[edit]

The Master of Ceremonies (MC) holding the cheese

The cheese currently used in the event is 7–9 pounds (3–4 kilograms) Double Gloucester, a hard cheese traditionally made in a circular shape.[10] Each is protected for the rolling by a wooden casing round the side, and is decorated with ribbons at the start of the race. Formerly, three cheeses were presented by parishioners, and the cheeses were usually rolled by them. A collection is usually made now to purchase them, as well as sweets, and also to provide prize money.[5] The current supplier is local cheesemaker Diana Smart and her son Rod,[4] who have supplied the cheese since 1988.[11]

In May 2013, a police inspector warned the 86-year-old cheese maker Diana Smart that she could be held responsible for injuries.[4] Chief Superintendent Nigel Avron of Gloucestershire Police also made these comments: "If you are an organiser in some way or some capacity you could potentially be held liable for something that took place at that event".[4] In recent years, organisers of the event, have felt compelled to use a lightweight foam version for safety reasons. In the second race (2013) Australian Caleb Stalder managed to catch the fake cheese and claim victory, despite being some way behind the leaders.[12]

Injuries[edit]

Due to the sharp and dirty surface of Cooper's Hill, there are usually a thousand of injuries each year. A first aid service is provided by the local St John Ambulance (Gloucester, Cheltenham and Stroud Divisions) at the bottom of the hill.[13] Members of the local rugby club and Young Farmers volunteer their services by acting as 'catchers' for any participants who lose their balance and also are on hand to carry down any casualties requiring first aid who do not reach the bottom. A number of ambulance vehicles attend the event, since there is invariably at least one and often several injuries requiring hospital treatment.[13]

Cooper's Hill Cheese Rolling has been summarised by a previous participant as "twenty young men chasing a cheese off a cliff and tumbling 200 yards to the bottom, where they are scraped up by paramedics and packed off to hospital".[14] This quotation was reported in The Sydney Morning Herald newspaper of 13 November 2008, in an amusingly titled article 'Return to Edam'. The same article reports one Scottish competitor prodding another in the ribs at the top of the hill, quizzing him if his "travel insurance cover[s] this"?[14] The Australian author, Sam Vincent, "questions his sanity" as he is "crouched on the summit of a diabolical slope", alongside thirteen other competitors whilst they are "awaiting the call to start what is surely the world's most dangerous footrace".[14]

The notoriety of cheese rolling is widespread and its somewhat de facto tally of annual injuries has been the subject of much coverage in news and television programmes. Alongside reputable broadcasters such as the BBC Television reporting, the global sports magazine TV shows Gillette World Sport and Trans World Sport have both mused at the barmy activities and the ensuing injuries for many years.

Results[edit]

Results of the Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling & Wake
Year Race 1 Race 2 Race 3
(ladies race)
Race 4 Race 5
(from 2006)
Notes / Reference
1979 Steve Gyde Steve Gyde ? ? [15]
1980 Steve Gyde Steve Gyde ? Steve Gyde [15]
1982 Steve Gyde Steve Gyde ? ? [15]
1984 Steve Gyde Steven Brain ? ? [15]
1985 Steve Gyde Steve Gyde ? ? [15]
1986 Steve Gyde Steve Gyde ? Steven Brain Steven Brain [15]
1987 Steven Brain Steve Gyde ? Steven Brain [15]
1988 Steve Gyde Steve Gyde ? Steven Brain [15]
1990 Steven Brain Steve Gyde ? Steven Brain [15]
1991 Steve Gyde Steve Gyde ? Steve Gyde [15]
1994 Craig Carter ? ? ? [16]
1995 Steven Brain Darren Yates ? Carl Farewell [17][15]
1996 Travis Moulton Tim Drnec ? Chris Adams [18]
1997 Steven Brain Steven Brain Tina Rimmer Craig Carter [16][19]
1998 Peter Astman Amelia Hardwick [20] 2 races abandoned for safety, due to 33 injuries the previous year
1999 Steven Brain Steven Brain Helen Thorpe Steven Brain [21]
2000 Steven Brain Steven Brain Kirsty Shepherd Craig Brown [22]
2001 [23] event abandoned due to foot-and-mouth disease, however, a single cheese was still rolled down the hill to maintain tradition
2002 Craig Brown Steven Brain Kirsty Shepherd Steven Brain [24] due to Queens Jubilee celebrations leading the Bank Holiday festivities, the Cheese Rolling was deferred a day, and took place on a Tuesday for the first time
2003 [25] event abandoned due to volunteer safety team being diverted to Algeria following their earthquake; a solitary cheese was rolled by the committee a few days later to retain tradition
2004 Padam Shreer Marc Ellis Dionne Carter Aaron Walden [26][27] race 1 winner was a British Army soldier from the Ghurkhas
2005 Jason Crowther Chris Anderson Dionne Carter Aaron Walden [1][28]
2006 Jason Crowther Craig Fairley Dionne Carter Chris Anderson Andrew Brewin [29] A fifth race added due to an increase in competitors
2007 Jason Crowther Aaron Walden Jemima Bullock Alan Morris Chris Anderson [14][30]
2008 Chris Anderson Peter Mackenzie-Shaw Flo Early Craig Fairley Wade Sansom [31]
2009 Chris Anderson Scott Bevan Michelle Kokiri-Gisbon Chris Anderson Josh Geitz [32][33][13]
2010 Chris Anderson Craig Fairley Tanya Silverman Chris Anderson [34]
2011 Chris Anderson Chris Anderson Jo Guest Chris Anderson [35][36][3]
2012 Chris Anderson Chris Anderson Lucy Townsend Ryan Fairley [37]
2013 Kenny Rackers Keleb Stalder Lucy Townsend Ryan Fairley Tomoaki Tanaka [12][38][2]
2014 Joshua Shepherd Ryan Fairley Lucy Townsend Sheldon Ronald [39][40]
2015 Chris Anderson Ryan Fairley Keavy Morgan Chris Anderson [41]
2016 Chris Anderson Chris Anderson Flo Early Ryan Fairley[42] [43][44]
2017 Chris Anderson Chris Anderson Keavy Morgan Chris Anderson [45]
2018 Chris Anderson Christopher Parperis Flo Early Chris Anderson [46][47][48][45] Chris Anderson sets a new all-time record of 22 race wins, then announces his retirement from participation in the event.
2019 Alex Bell Ryan Fairley Flo Early Mark Kitt Trent Unsworth [49] Flo Early sets a new all-time record of 4 race wins in the ladies race, then announces her retirement from participation in the event after having twisted her ankle.

Multiple winners[edit]

Men's race[edit]

Ladies' race[edit]

  • Flo Early 4 (2008, 2016, 2018, 2019), Rosemary Cooke 3 (1953, 1955, 1956), Amanda Turner 3 (1981, 1982, 1983), Dionne Carter New Zealand 3 (2004, 2005, 2006), Lucy Townsend 3 (2012, 2013, 2014), Kirsty Shepherd 2 (2000, 2002), Keavy Morgan 2 (2015, 2017).[15]

Notable winners[edit]

Similar events[edit]

Cheese-rolling in Chester in 2008

An annual cheese-rolling event has taken place in Chester since about 2002, to promote the town's food and drink festival. The rolling takes place on the flat down an obstacle course.[50] No injuries have been reported since 2006.

Cheese-rolling in popular culture[edit]

  • A children's computer game from Neopets named "Cheeseroller", involves different varieties of outlandish cheeses, rolled down a 120-metre hill in under 60 seconds, negotiating obstacles on route. Points are awarded for grade of cheese difficulty and speed of descent.[51]
  • Cheese rolling was prominently featured in the first episode of the UK television channel Five series: Rory & Paddy's Great British Adventure, broadcast on 13 August 2008, and was described as "the grandaddy of weird sports" by the titular Rory McGrath and Paddy McGuinness.[31]
  • Cheese rolling appeared in the television series ER, Season 14 Episode 8, "Coming Home", where a motley bunch of cheese rolling enthusiasts (with accents of dubious accuracy) have a dispute, allowing Morris to demonstrate the Judgment of Solomon.
  • Cheese rolling footage from SoGlos was used in Off the Air at the end of the series premier episode "Animals".
  • The NPR news quiz show Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me featured cheese-rolling in a 'Not My Job' segment with skier Mikaela Shiffrin.[52]
  • Cheese rolling is mentioned in the acclaimed Thomas Pynchon novel Mason & Dixon.
  • Logan mentions cheese rolling in Gloucester in the TV series Gilmore Girls.
  • The contest was the subject of the BBC One programme The Great Cheese Chase broadcast in 2018.[53]
  • Let's Roll is a short film directed by Chris Thomas about a teenage girl Antonia (Amy Bowden) attempting to emulate her brother's successes in the cheese rolling, but having strong opposition from her mother (Zara Ramm). The film was screened at numerous international and BAFTA-qualifying film festivals including Norwich and Edinburgh.[54][55]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Cheese Rolling". BBC Gloucestershire. 30 May 2005. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2013. .
  2. ^ a b c "American flies in to win Gloucestershire cheese rolling contest". TheGuardian.com. The Guardian. 27 May 2013. Archived from the original on 24 July 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Coopers Hill cheese-rolling fans hold unofficial race". www.BBC.co.uk. BBC News online. 31 May 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Cheese-maker warned against supplying Gloucester cheese-rolling". www.BBC.co.uk. BBC News Online. 24 May 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d Anon. "Cheese Rolling on Coopers Hill, Exhibition", Gloucester City and Folk Museums, Gloucester, 14 July 2012.
  6. ^ "Previous years/cheese-rolling.co.uk". 2007. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007.
  7. ^ "Cheese Rolling: A brief history". BBC. 13 November 1994. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Gloucestershire cheese-rolling off due to safety fears". news.BBC.co.uk. BBC News. 12 March 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  9. ^ "Save the Gloucestershire Cheese Rolling campaign launched". www.SoGlos.com. 13 January 2011. Archived from the original on 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Double Gloucester". www.BritishCheese.com. British Cheese Board. 2013. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  11. ^ "More Cheese Rolling facts and information". Cheese-Rolling.co.uk. Archived from the original on 31 May 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Gloucestershire cheese-rolling takes place despite warning". BBC News. 27 May 2013.
  13. ^ a b c "Cheese-chasing champion retires injured after fifth Gloucestershire win". The Telegraph. 2009.
  14. ^ a b c d Quoted in "Return to edam". www.SMH.com.au. The Sydney Morning Herald. 13 November 2008. Archived from the original on 31 May 2013.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Cheese Rolling, Roll of Hounor/cheese-rolling.co.uk". 2007. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007.
  16. ^ a b "Race results 1997 events/Cheese-Rolling.co.uk". 1997. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008.
  17. ^ "Race results 1995 events". newspapers.com. 1995.
  18. ^ "Race results 1996 events". Cheese-Rolling.co.uk. 1996.
  19. ^ "Cheese rolling festival takes dangerous turn". CNN. 1997.
  20. ^ "Race results 1998 events/cheese-rolling.co.uk". 1998. Archived from the original on 22 June 2007.
  21. ^ "Race results 1999 events/cheese-rolling.co.uk". 1999. Archived from the original on 22 June 2007.
  22. ^ "Race results 2000 events/cheese-rolling.co.uk". 2000. Archived from the original on 22 June 2007.
  23. ^ "Race results 2001 events/cheese-rolling.co.uk". 2001. Archived from the original on 22 June 2007.
  24. ^ "Fallen cheese-roller (Craig Brown) calls it a day". bbc.co.uk. 2002.
  25. ^ "Earthquake halts cheese rolling races 2003". bbc.co.uk. 2003.
  26. ^ a b "Falling down hills: Ellis takes the big cheese". www.NZHerald.co.nz. The New Zealand Herald. 2 June 2004. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  27. ^ "Chasing the Big Cheese 2004". bbc.co.uk. 2004.
  28. ^ "Chasing the cheese in 2005". bbc.co.uk. 2005.
  29. ^ "Cheese Rollercoaster -The world famous Cooper's Hill Cheese Rolling returned with a bang for 2006". bbc.co.uk. 2006.
  30. ^ "Cheese Rolling 2007". bbc.co.uk. 2007.
  31. ^ a b "Gloucestershire Cheese Rolling 2008 review". soglos.com. 2008.
  32. ^ "Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling 2009". archive.boston.com. 2009.
  33. ^ "Cheese Rolling 2009". bbc.co.uk. 2009.
  34. ^ "Hundreds defy cheese rolling ban". The Telegraph. 2010.
  35. ^ "Coopers Hill cheese-rolling fans hold unofficial race 2011". bbc.co.uk. 2011.
  36. ^ "2011 Chris Anderson, 23, from Brockworth, holds all three cheeses he won today". heart.co.uk. 2011.
  37. ^ ""I don't even like cheese"". Mirror.co.uk. 2012.
  38. ^ "American Wins Annual Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling Race". BBC America. 2013.
  39. ^ "They're Gouda control!". dailymail.co.uk. 2014.
  40. ^ "Gloucestershire cheese race winner finds himself in a pickle". theguardian.com. 2014.
  41. ^ "Thousands watch Gloucestershire cheese rolling races". bbc.co.uk. 2015.
  42. ^ "Gloucestershire Cheese Rolling 2016 - the tumbles". YouTube. 2016.
  43. ^ "Cheese-Rolling results and pictures 2016/gloucestershirelive.co.uk". 2016. Archived from the original on 10 July 2018.
  44. ^ "Champion chaser who hates cheese wins for the 17th time". Evening standard. 2016.
  45. ^ a b c "Gloucester cheese-rolling veteran breaks all-time record". www.BBC.co.uk. BBC News. 2018.
  46. ^ "Gloucestershire cheese race winner is the all-time grate". theguardian.com. 2018.
  47. ^ "Cheese Rolling 2018 - all the pictures from Cooper's Hill". gloucestershirelive.co.uk. 2018.
  48. ^ "Cheese Rolling, Coopers Hill 2018 - all the pictures Photo 60 of 61". gloucestershirelive.co.uk. 2018.
  49. ^ "Cheese rolling 2019 LIVE! Latest action from Cooper's Hill in Gloucestershire". gloucestershirelive.co.uk. 2019.
  50. ^ "Cheese rolling in Chester". www.BBC.co.uk. BBC Liverpool. 15 March 2006.
  51. ^ "Cheeseroller". Neopets. 2005.
  52. ^ "Not My Job: skier Mikaela Shiffrin gets quizzed on downhill cheese races". www.NPR.org. 11 July 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  53. ^ "The Great Cheese Chase - BBC One". BBC. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  54. ^ "Let's Roll". Norwich Film Festival. 2019.
  55. ^ "Let's Roll". Edinburgh International Film Festival. 2019.

External links[edit]

https://www.facebook.com/BrockworthCheeseRoll/