Coterminous municipality

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A coterminous municipality,[1][2] sometimes also known as a coterminous city[3] or a coterminous town-village,[4] is a form of local government in some U.S. states in which a municipality and one or more civil townships are coterminous and have partial or complete consolidation of their government functions. A term used for the formation of such a local government is "township and municipal consolidation."[5]

Connecticut[edit]

The entire area of Connecticut is divided into towns. Cities and boroughs are within town areas, and their governments may or may not be consolidated with those of the towns in which they are located.[6]

Illinois[edit]

The Illinois Township Code includes provisions for a municipality coextensive with a township. Such a municipality is known variously as a coterminous city[3] and a coterminous municipality,[1][2] and the township is called a coterminous township;[3] the term "consolidated city-township" does not appear in either the Township Code or the Municipal Code. The Township Code provides for the discontinuance of township organization within such a coterminous municipality.[1][2]

New York[edit]

In New York, such a local government is called a coterminous town-village[4] and is governed under Article 17 of the New York Village Law.[7] It is never called a consolidated city-township because New York's cities, as opposed to its villages, exist outside of town areas.

Five towns are coterminous with their single village: Green Island in Albany County; East Rochester in Monroe County; and Scarsdale, Harrison and Mount Kisco in Westchester County. When such an entity is formed, officials from either unit of government may serve in both village and town governments simultaneously.[8] A referendum is held to decide whether residents prefer a village-style or town-style government, which will then function primarily as a village or town but will perform some of the functions of the other form.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 60 ILCS 1/Art. 27
  2. ^ a b c 60 ILCS 1/Art. 28
  3. ^ a b c 60 ILCS 1/Art. 15
  4. ^ a b c "Legal Memorandum LG06". New York State Office of General Counsel. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  5. ^ Local Government Consolidation Efforts in Northeastern Illinois
  6. ^ Individual State Descriptions: 2012, 2012 Census of Governments
  7. ^ New York Village Law, § 17-1700
  8. ^ "Local Government Handbook - Village Government: Historical Development" (PDF) (6th ed.). New York State Department of State. 2009. pp. PDF 79–80 / Handbook 67–68. Retrieved 2010-02-14.