Darugha

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Darugha (Bashkir: даруга, Tatar: Cyrillic даруга, Latin daruğa, from Mongol: daru-, 'to press, to seal'[1]) was a territorial subdivision in the Mongol Empire. A darugha was ruled by darughachi.

Later, the term was used for the province, particularly in Kazan and the Siberian Khanates in the 15th-16th centuries; and finally in the Turkic-populated parts of the Russian Empire in 16th-18th centuries.[2] In Safavid Persia, it was a title meaning prefect.[3] For example, one of the many Safavid darughas was Mirman Mirimanidze.

In 1762, the Bashkir people controlled the Kazan Darugha, the Nogai Darugha, the Osin Darugha, and the Siberian Darugha.[4]

In the Mughal Empire of South Asia, darugha was the title of the district police officer. This title was kept until the 20th century during the British Raj.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ergene, Boğaç A. (2009). Judicial Practice: Institutions and Agents in the Islamic World. Brill. p. 271. ISBN 978-9-00417-934-9. Darugha - the word is derived from the Mongol daru-, 'to press, to seal' and was used to denote a chief in the Mongol feudal hierarchy (...) 
  2. ^ (in Tatar) "Даруга". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002. 
  3. ^ Mikaberidze, Alexander (2015). Historical Dictionary of Georgia. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-44224-146-6. 
  4. ^ Rychkov Petr Ivanovich: "Topography of Orenburg" Russia St. Petersburg, 1762 page 93