De Alva S. Alexander
De Alva Stanwood Alexander
|Member of the|
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York
March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1911
|Preceded by||Charles Daniels|
|Succeeded by||Charles B. Smith|
|Constituency||33rd district (1897–1903)|
36th district (1903–11)
|Born||July 17, 1846|
|Died||January 30, 1925 (aged 78)|
Buffalo, New York
|Spouse(s)||Alice Colby Alexander Anne Gerlach Bliss Alexander|
|Alma mater||Bowdoin College|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Unit||One Hundred and Twenty-eighth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
De Alva Stanwood Alexander (July 17, 1846 – January 30, 1925) was an American journalist, lawyer, historian, and member of the United States House of Representatives.
Alexander was born in Richmond, Maine the son of Stanwood and Priscilla (Brown) Alexander. He attended the common schools and moved with his mother to Ohio in 1859. He enlisted in the One Hundred and Twenty-eighth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Ohio Volunteer Infantry at age 15, serving from 1862 until the end the American Civil War. After the war, he attended Edward Little Institute, Auburn, Maine, to prepare for college. He then attended Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, and graduated in 1870. He served many years as a member and president of the Bowdoin College board of overseers.
When Alexander moved to Fort Wayne, Indiana in 1870, he was one of the editors and proprietors of the Daily Gazette from 1871 to 1874, and a delegate to the Republican National Convention at Philadelphia in 1872. He married Alice Colby on September 21, 1871.
Alexander then moved to Indianapolis, in 1874, where he was a correspondent for the Cincinnati Gazette. He was secretary of the Indiana Republican State committee from 1874 to 1878. While he was in Indianapolis, Alexander met and formed a friendship with U.S. Senator Benjamin Harrison. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in Indiana in 1877, and went into private practice. Appointed Fifth Auditor of the Treasury Department in 1881, he served until 1885. After Harrison was elected President of the United States in 1888, he appointed Alexander as United States Attorney for the Northern District of New York.
In 1896, Alexander was elected as a Republican to the 55th Congress as a United States Representative for New York's thirty-third district, where he served seven terms. In his last term (sixty-first Congress) he was Chairman of House Committee on Rivers and Harbors. After serving from March 4, 1897 to March 3, 1911. He was defeated by Charles Bennett Smith when he ran for re-election in 1910—Smith won by one vote. He was commander of the Department of the Potomac, Grand Army of the Republic, for one term, then moved to Buffalo, New York, in 1885. He was appointed United States Attorney for the Northern District of New York in May 1889 and served until his resignation in December 1893. He married Anne Gerlach Bliss on December 28, 1893, and resumed his law practice.
While still serving in Congress, Alexander began work on Political History of the State of New York, a four-volume work finally completed in 1923. It focused on prominent political leaders such as Grover Cleveland, Thomas C. Platt, and Theodore Roosevelt. He also wrote History and Procedure of the House of Representatives (1916).
- "By One Vote: Smith, on Three Tickets, Wins Out for Congress". The Scranton Republican. November 11, 1910. p. 1.
- Works by De Alva Stanwood Alexander at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about De Alva S. Alexander at Internet Archive
- American National Biography, vol. 1, p. 263.
- United States Congress. "De Alva S. Alexander (id: A000091)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- De Alva S. Alexander at Find a Grave
Daniel N. Lockwood
| U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of New York
William A. Poucher
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 33rd congressional district
Charles W. Gillet
|New district|| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 36th congressional district
Charles Bennett Smith