Delta Phi Epsilon (professional)
|Delta Phi Epsilon|
|Founded||January 25, 1920|
Greek: I Serve
|Colors||Black and Gold|
|Headquarters||Post Office Box 25401|
Delta Phi Epsilon Foreign Service Fraternity (ΔΦΕ) is the only national American professional foreign service fraternity. Founded on January 25, 1920, the fraternity's mission is to promote brotherhood among persons studying or engaged in Foreign Service. Its Alpha chapter went on in the first half of the twentieth century to colonize new chapters at many other universities throughout the country. The fraternity is proud of notable members in a variety of fields.
As of 2016, there were six active collegiate chapters: Alpha at Georgetown University, Gamma at Boston University, Epsilon at the University of California, Berkeley, Eta at The George Washington University, Pi at American University and Chi at James Madison University. Three of those chapters were in The District of Columbia.
The current president of Delta Phi Epsilon Foreign Service Fraternity is James-Michael von Stroebel, Al-'54.
In 1973 Delta Phi Epsilon Foreign Service Sorority and its Alpha Chapter were founded at Georgetown University.
The fraternity was founded in the wake of World War I, in a time of increased U.S. interest in world politics and solving global issues with diplomacy. In 1919, Fr. Edmund A. Walsh, S.J. at Georgetown University founded the School of Foreign Service (SFS) and in 1924, the Rogers Act formed the basis of the United States Foreign Service. During this time, other groups with similar missions, such as the Council on Foreign Relations, were founded, along with international bodies such as the League of Nations.
The four founders of the fraternity were Alfred O. Arsenau, Wesley O. Ash, Samuel C. Bartlett, and T.J. Patrick O'Connell. The first three, undergraduates in Georgetown's SFS, at first held in common only their experience in overseas military service and their interest in foreign service careers. Later they were drawn together by their common vision for a professional foreign service fraternity for future graduates of the School of Foreign Service and others in the field. The fourth founder had developed a similar vision independently, which he discussed with Arsenau. Later these men joined with seven other interested undergraduates (future brothers Sandager, Butts, Ash, MacKenzie, Brooks, Sullivan, Scott, and Bates) and signed the Articles of Agreement. After choosing a name and nominating officers, Delta Phi Epsilon Foreign Service Fraternity was formally founded at the Catholic Community House at 6th and E Streets on January 25, 1920. The fraternity was incorporated in the District of Columbia on April 20, 1920.
Early expansion focused on East and West Coast schools, but after World War II, the fraternity saw greater expansion into institutions across the United States. In 1956 the National Board of Directors created the Delta Phi Epsilon International Society of Business and Foreign Affairs, which was to be open to both men and women. However, the society failed to develop, and by the 1960s, the Fraternity itself began to see a decline in the number of chapters. In June 1972, the National Board approved creation of Delta Phi Epsilon Foreign Service Sorority, which held its first initiation at Georgetown University on February 24, 1973.
During the 1970s most of the Fraternity's collegiate chapters went inactive, leaving only the original Alpha. This decline is attributed to two major factors: a national decline in professional fraternities and a negative perception generally of the foreign service. During the Vietnam War, foreign service was closely associated in many minds with contemporary U.S. foreign policy, which was protested against at many member institutions. After some attempts during the 1990s, several of these defunct chapters were revived in the 2000s. The at the time only chapter of the foreign service sorority, Alpha at Georgetown University, was also revived in 1990 after a ten year period of inactivity, and revived again in 1998 after a five year period of inactivity. In the summer of 2003 the first reactivation of an inactive chapter, Epsilon chapter at UC Berkeley occurred and it has been active since. Soon following were re-activations of Gamma, Eta, Mu and Pi. In November 2008, a new chapter, Psi Chapter, was installed at the University of the Pacific in Stockton, California, and in September 2016 a second new chapter, Chi Chapter at James Madison University was installed.
In 2014, the Fraternity's National Convention endorsed a proposal for a joint Fraternity-Sorority member project to publish a peer-reviewed Delta Phi Epsilon Journal of Foreign Affairs, to operate a scholarship competition for students who had been initiated into Delta Phi Epsilon, and to hold an annual symposium promoting alumni and student international relations research. This project developed into the Delta Phi Epsilon Foreign Affairs Council, incorporated and recognized as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit educational organization in 2016. The Council originally selected its own leaders from Delta Phi Epsilon members to support international relations education, promote public engagement in foreign policy, and provide career development tools to Delta Phi Epsilon brothers and sisters.
In July 2018, The Chronicle of Higher Education published several accounts of student and alumni Fraternity members and also of many many non-Fraternity members, accusing Terrence Boyle, the Fraternity's General Secretary, of sexism and bigotry. Boyle has served as General Secretary for over 40 years. Within the article, and in a petition shortly following it, leaders from most fraternity chapters, along with many non-DPE Fraternity members, called for his resignation. In August 2018, the Alpha chapter officers resigned after one of Georgetown University's student run newspapers published an opinion piece authored by presidents of Eta, Chi, and Pi chapters calling for Georgetown students to boycott Alpha Chapter
Alpha Chapter is the longest-lived collegiate chapter of Delta Phi Epsilon, and is the only fraternal organization at Georgetown University with a house. It has been active without interruption since founding. Inactive since 1972, Epsilon Chapter, at the University of California at Berkeley, was reactivated in 2003, followed soon after by the reactivation at The George Washington University, in November 2005, of Eta Chapter, inactive since 1969, and the reactivation in 2009 at The American University of Pi Chapter, inactive since 1971. and then most recently, in April 2016, by the reactivation of Gamma Chapter at Boston University, inactive since 1932 (except for a brief, one year reactivation in the 1990s). The Fraternity also saw the addition of its first new chapters in decades, Psi Chapter at the University of the Pacific in 2008 and Chi Chapter at James Madison University in 2016.
- 1920, Beta Chapter, School of Commerce, Accounts and Finance, New York University, New York City, NY
- 1922, Gamma Chapter, Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies, Boston University, Boston, MA
- 1923, Delta Chapter, School of International Relations, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
- 1923, Epsilon Chapter, College of Commerce, University of California, Berkeley, CA
- 1924, Zeta Chapter, School of Commerce and Finance, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, MI
- 1929, Eta Chapter, Elliott School of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
- 1939, Theta Chapter, School of Business, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
- 1939, Iota Chapter, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI
- 1949, Kappa Chapter, Leland Stanford Junior University, Palo Alto, CA
- 1949, Lambda Chapter, American Institute for Foreign Trade, Phoenix, AZ
- 1955, Mu Chapter, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
- 1964, Nu Chapter, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
- 1966, Xi Chapter, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
- 1965, Omicron Chapter, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA
- 1967, Pi Chapter, School of International Service, The American University, Washington, D.C.
- 1971, Rho Chapter, Los Angeles State College, Los Angeles
- 1972, Sigma Chapter, George Pepperdine University, Los Angeles
- 1974, Tau Chapter, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles
- 1976, Upsilon Chapter, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ
- 1975, Phi Chapter, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
- 2016, Chi Chapter, School of Public and International Affairs, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA
- 2008, Psi Chapter, School of International Studies, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA
- 1976, Omega Chapter, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX
- 1962, Beta Alpha Chapter, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
In addition to the Line Brothers initiated by each chapter of Delta Phi Epsilon, the fraternity has inducted several notable members as National Brothers.
- Harry Sandager, Al-'20 (Charter Member); late former U.S. Representative from Rhode Island.
- Walter J. Donnelly, Al-'20; late former U.S. Ambassador to Costa Rica, Venezuela and Austria.
- William Smith Culbertson, Al-'20; late former U.S. Ambassador to Romania and Chile.
- Rufus B. von KleinSmid, De-'23; late former president of the American Association of Colleges and Universities; former president of the University of Arizona; former president and chancellor of the University of Southern California.
- Edward B. Lawson, Al-'24; late former U.S. Ambassador to Iceland and Israel.
- Raymond P. Ludden, Al-'28; late U.S. State Department China expert.
- Don C. Faith, Al-'38; Georgetown University's only Medal of Honor recipient (awarded posthumously).
- Claude G. "Tony" Ross, De-'38; late former U.S. Ambassador to the Central African Republic, Haïti, and Tanzania.
- Philip W. Manhard, De-'42; late Foreign Service Officer, held as a POW by the North Koreans and by the North Vietnamese. Later became U.S. Ambassador to Mauritius.
- Roderic H. Davison, Et-'48; late Professor of Government at The George Washington University.
- Walter I. "Jack" Giles, Al-'49; late government professor at Georgetown University.
- Diego C. Asencio, Al-'50; former U.S. Ambassador to Colombia and Brazil.
- Walt Disney, De-'50; late film producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor, and animator.
- Derek C. Bok, Ka-'50; former president of Harvard University and former Dean of Harvard Law School.
- Robert A. Scalapino, Ep-'50; late Professor of Government Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley.
- Donald L. O'Toole, Al-'51; late former U.S. Representative from New York.
- William F. Knowland, Al-'51; late former U.S. Senator from California, and Republican Party leader.
- Paul M. A. Linebarger, Al-'53, late East Asia scholar; expert in psychological warfare.
- Grady McMurtry, Ep-'54; late occultist and revivor of Ordo Templi Orientis.
- Douglas MacArthur; Al-'56, late former U.S. Ambassador to Japan, Belgium, Austria, and Iran.
- Thaddeus M. Machrowicz, Al-'59; late former politician and judge from Michigan.
- James F. Dobbins, Al-'60; former U.S. Ambassador to the European Union.
- St. Clair Bourne, Al-'62; late documentary filmmaker.
- Edward "Skip" Gnehm, Et-'64; former U.S. Ambassador to Kuwait, Australia, and Jordan.
- Jan Kozielewski (Karski), Al-'64; late former Polish Underground WWII officer, Georgetown professor, and Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient.
- George R. Houston, Jr., Al-'64; late former accounting professor at Georgetown faculty and university treasurer. Went on to become President of Mount St. Mary's University.
- Nicholas Onuf, Al-'67; Professor Emeritus of International Relations at Florida International University.
- Abdul Aziz Said, Pi-'67; senior ranking professor of international relations in the School of International Service at The American University.
- Kenneth W. Starr, Et-'67; former Solicitor General of the United States.
- Jesse A. Mann, Al-'68; late former dean of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University 1968-1970.
- Lev Dobriansky, Al-'68; late former U.S. Ambassador to the Bahamas, Georgetown professor, and anti-communist advocate.
- Ibrahim Oweiss, Al-'68; Professor of Economics Emeritus at Georgetown University.
- Robert Barr, De-'70; former federal prosecutor and a former U.S. Representative.
- Thomas J. Dodd, Jr., Al-'72; former U.S. Ambassador to Uruguay and Costa Rica.
- Mark von Hagen, Al-'72; professor of history in the Arizona State University School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies.
- Franklin L. Lavin, Al-'75; former U.S. Ambassador to Singapore.
- Eric G. John, Al-'78; former U.S. Ambassador to Thailand and current senior advisor for Security Negotiations and Agreements in the Department of State’s Bureau of Political-Military Affairs.
- Christopher Reich, Al-'79; New York Times Bestselling author.
- George L. Sherry (Shershevsky), Om-'89; late former U.S. United Nations official and professor at Occidental College.
- Evan G. Galbraith, Al-'94; late former U.S. Ambassador to France.
- Earl C. Ravenal, Al-'94; former distinguished senior fellow in foreign policy studies and Professor in Foreign Service Emeritus at Georgetown University.
- Michael R. Czinkota, Al-'96; Georgetown professor, author; former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Commerce in the U.S. Department of Commerce.
- John Wood, Al-'96; Chancellor of the University of Canterbury; former Deputy Secretary of Foreign Affairs of New Zealand; and former two-term Ambassador to the United States.
- Aurel Munteanu, Al-'98; late former Romanian Foreign Minister and Ambassador to the U.S.
- Evan Kohlmann, Al-'98; private sector international counter-terrorism consultant.
- Phillip Karber, Al-'03; former Ford executive, who also served as Special Advisor to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
- Charles A. Coulombe, Al-'04; American Catholic historian, author, journalist, and lecturer.
- Thomas M. King, S.J., Al-'05; late professor of theology at Georgetown University.
- Howard B. Schaffer, Al-'05; late former U.S. Ambassador to Bangladesh and twice Deputy Assistant Secretary of State.
- H. Allen Holmes, Al-'07; former U.S. Ambassador to Portugal.
- Sam Potolicchio, Al-'15; Director of Global and Custom Education at the McCourt School of Public Policy at Georgetown University.
- "Inter Society". Deltaphiepsilon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "History". DPE Sorority. 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- "Our History". Delta Phi Epsilon Epsilon Chapter- UC Berkeley. February 11, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-26.
- "Sorority". Deltaphiepsilon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Sorority". Delta Phi Epsilon Alpha Chapter. November 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-26.
- "About the Society | Delta Phi Epsilon Foreign Affairs Council". www.dpeforeignaffairs.org. Retrieved 2016-12-30.
- "Our Work | Delta Phi Epsilon Foreign Affairs Council". www.dpeforeignaffairs.org. Retrieved 2016-12-30.
- "No 'Frasorority' for Him: Citing Sexism, Members of Foreign-Service Fraternity Rebel Against Leader". The Chronicle of Higher Education. 2018-07-23. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
- "Foreign service fraternity members accuse national leader of sexism". The GW Hatchet. 2018-07-26. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
- "Official Updates". Delta Phi Epsilon Pi Chapter. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
- Lama, Andrew; Shaver, James; Wani, Shima; Young, Stephen (August 29, 2018). "LAMA, WANI, SHAVER & YOUNG: Don't Join Our Fraternity". The Hoya. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
- Doherty, Erin; Paz, Christian (September 1, 2018). "Georgetown DPE Board Resigns in Protest of Boyle's Leadership". The Hoya. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
- "Part IV of Delta Phi Epsilon History". Delta Phi Epsilon Alpha Chapter. January 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-26.
- "SANDAGER, Harry - Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Walter Joseph Donnelly - People - Department History - Office of the Historian". history.state.gov.
- UPI (July 10, 1964), DR.VONKLEINSMID OF U.S.G., 79, DEAD; President, 1921-46, Was an Expert on World Affairs, New York, New York: New York Times
- "Edward Burnett Lawson - People - Department History - Office of the Historian". History.state.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Alpha Alumni Directory I". Deltaphiepsilon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- Doug Sterner. "Photo of Medal of Honor Recipient Don Carlos Faith". Homeofheroes.com. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Former Ambassador Claude G. Ross, 88". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Office of the Vice President : Meeting with United States Ambassador to Mauritius, Philip W. Manhard" (PDF). Fordlibrarymuseum.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Roderic H. Davison, 79, Dies; Professor of History at GWU". The Washington Post (HighBeam Research). 26 March 1996. Retrieved 2012-07-30
- "Endowed Seminar Honors Legendary Professor - Georgetown Giving". Giving.georgetown.edu. 2010-08-27. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Alpha Alumni Directory II". Deltaphiepsilon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Delta_II_Directory". Deltaphiepsilon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Derek Bok | Harvard University". Harvard.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "News - Robert Scalapino, In Memoriam - Institute of East Asian Studies, UC Berkeley". Ieas.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "O'TOOLE, Donald Lawrence - Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "KNOWLAND, William Fife - Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Cordwainer Smith and His Remarkable Science Fiction". Cordwainer-smith.com. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Thelema Lodge Calendar for August 1999 e.v". Billheidrick.com. 1908-09-02. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- Eric Pace (1997-11-17). "Douglas MacArthur 2d, 88, Former Ambassador to Japan - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "MACHROWICZ, Thaddeus Michael - Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "James F. Dobbins - People - Department History - Office of the Historian". History.state.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- Hevesi, Dennis (2007-12-18). "St. Clair Bourne, Filmmaker, Dies at 64". The New York Times
- "Eta_VI_Directory". Deltaphiepsilon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Edward William Gnehm - People - Department History - Office of the Historian". History.state.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Alpha Alumni Directory II". Deltaphiepsilon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "President Obama Announces Jan Karski as a Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom | The White House". Whitehouse.gov. 2012-04-23. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "President Emeritus of Mount St. Mary's University Dies". Emmitsburg.net. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- Abdul Aziz Said (2012-04-03). "Profile Abdul Said". American.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Deltaphiepsilon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Lev E. Dobriansky, 89; Professor and Foe of Communism". Washingtonpost.com. 2008-02-06. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "The Homepage of Dr. Ibrahim M. Oweiss". www9.georgetown.edu.
- "Bob Barr for Congress | Georgia's 11th District". Bobbarr.org. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Thomas J. Dodd - People - Department History - Office of the Historian". History.state.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "ASU Directory Profile: Mark Von Hagen". Webapp4.asu.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Lavin, Frank L". 2001-2009.state.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "John, Eric G". State.gov. 2013-06-26. Archived from the original on 2013-07-13. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Best Sellers Plus". The New York Times. January 24, 1999.
- "George L. Sherry, Envoy and Well-Known Voice at U.N., Dies at 87". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Evan Griffith Galbraith - People - Department History - Office of the Historian". History.state.gov. 1985-07-15. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Earl C. Ravenal | Cato Institute". Cato.org. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Michael R Czinkota". Explore.georgetown.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Memorandum of Conversation : Aurel Dragos Munteanu" (PDF). Bushlibrary.tamu.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Flashpoint". Flashpoint-intel.com. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- Georgetown Law Institute for Law, Science and Global Security. Karber CV
- "Charles Coulombe". McAlister Arts. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Alpha Alumni Directory IV". Deltaphiepsilon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
-  Archived January 31, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "The American Academy of Diplomacy - Holmes". Academyofdiplomacy.org. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- "Faculty". explore.georgetown.edu.