Demographics of the Dominican Republic

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Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 894,665—    
1935 1,479,417+65.4%
1950 2,135,872+44.4%
1960 3,047,070+42.7%
1970 4,009,458+31.6%
1981 5,545,741+38.3%
1993 7,293,390+31.5%
2002 8,562,541+17.4%
2010 9,445,281+10.3%
2017 10,169,172+7.7%
Source:[1]

This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Dominican Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population[edit]

The Dominican Republic's population (1961–2003).

According to the 2017 revision of the World Population Prospects[2] the total population was 10,648,791 in 2016, compared to 2,380,000 in 1950. The proportion of the population aged below 15 in 2010 was 31.2%, 62.8% were aged between 15 and 65 years of age, while 6% were aged 65 years or older.[3]

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 2 380 45.5 51.7 2.7
1955 2 796 46.3 51.1 2.6
1960 3 312 48.2 49.2 2.6
1965 3 900 48.9 48.5 2.6
1970 4 524 47.7 49.7 2.7
1975 5 169 45.3 51.9 2.8
1980 5 826 42.6 54.4 3.1
1985 6 524 40.4 56.2 3.4
1990 7 245 38.5 57.6 3.9
1995 7 978 37.0 58.5 4.5
2000 8 663 34.9 59.9 5.1
2005 9 343 33.1 61.3 5.7
2010 10 017 31.2 62.8 6.0
2015 10 528 30.0 63.4 6.7
2020 11 107 28.3 62.8 7.6

Vital statistics[edit]

UN estimates[edit]

Registration of vital events is not universal in the Dominican Republic. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates: [3]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950–1955 140 000 53 000 87 000 54.3 20.5 33.8 7.60 153 46.0 44.7 47.3
1955–1960 163 000 54 000 109 000 53.4 17.6 35.8 7.64 139 49.9 48.6 51.4
1960–1965 178 000 52 000 126 000 49.5 14.5 35.0 7.35 124 53.6 52.1 55.2
1965–1970 186 000 50 000 136 000 44.2 11.8 32.3 6.65 109 56.9 55.4 58.7
1970–1975 190 000 47 000 143 000 39.2 9.7 29.6 5.68 96 59.8 58.1 61.8
1975–1980 194 000 46 000 149 000 35.4 8.3 27.1 4.76 86 62.0 60.3 64.0
1980–1985 206 000 46 000 160 000 33.4 7.5 25.9 4.15 75 64.0 62.1 66.1
1985–1990 213 000 46 000 168 000 31.0 6.7 24.3 3.65 63 66.5 64.3 69.0
1990–1995 218 000 46 000 172 000 28.7 6.0 22.7 3.31 48 69.0 66.5 71.9
1995–2000 215 000 50 000 165 000 25.8 6.0 19.8 2.98 41 70.0 67.3 73.1
2000–2005 219 000 54 000 165 000 24.4 6.0 18.4 2.83 35 71.1 68.1 74.4
2005–2010 221 000 58 000 163 000 22.8 6.0 16.8 2.67 30 72.2 69.2 75.5
2010–2015 21.4 6.0 15.4 2.53 25 73.2 70.2 76.4
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Births and deaths[edit]

[4][5]

Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
2001 192 160 28 524 163 636
2002 188 404 26 467 161 937
2003 174 807 29 669 145 138
2004 165 300 34 320 130 980
2005 162 275 34 193 128 082
2006 154 344 32 189 122 155
2007 152 512 33 728 118 784
2008 159 228 33 765 125 463
2009 162 768 33 667 129 101 2.516
2010 9 445 281 164 528 36 326 128 202 16.44 3,80 12.64 2.491
2011 170 580 35 945 134 635 2.440
2012 163 644 36 150 127 494 2.418
2013 163 611 36 203 127 408 2.391
2014 165 783 40 697 125 086 2.364
2015 161 622 41 234 120 388 2.34
2016 152 370 43 382 108 988 2.31
2017 148 061 41 152 106 909

Structure of the population [6][edit]

Structure of the population (01.07.2017) (Estimates) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 5 082 876 5 086 296 10 169 172 100
0–4 492 808 472 820 965 628 9,49
5–9 492 702 474 348 967 050 9,50
10–14 492 107 477 445 969 552 9,53
15–19 480 035 471 501 951 536 9,51
20–24 455 440 453 444 930 505 9,15
25–29 420 715 423 382 844 907 8,30
30–34 377 850 385 180 763 030 7,50
35–39 339 877 348 143 688 020 6,76
40–44 306 907 313 858 616 955 6,07
45–49 275 488 282 105 557 593 5,48
50–54 245 299 249 766 495 065 4,87
55–59 206 257 210 188 416 445 4,10
60–64 162 912 168 103 331 015 3,25
65–69 121 894 126 929 248 523 2,44
70–74 86 739 90 761 177 500 1,74
75–79 61 133 65 274 126 407 1,24
80+ 65 523 73 349 138 872 1,36
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 1 595 851 1 538 432 3 134 283 30,56
15–64 3 213 973 3 268 108 6 482 081 63,19
65+ 306 501 334 859 641 360 6,25

Structure of the population (DHS 2013) (Males 19 686, Females 19 878 = 39 564) :

Age Group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0–4 10,2 9,6 9,9
5–9 9,6 9,1 9,4
10–14 10,5 10,7 10,6
15–19 10,0 9,8 9,9
20–24 9,6 9,1 9,3
25–29 7,9 7,8 7,9
30–34 7,7 7,6 7,6
35–39 6,4 6,2 6,3
40–44 6,2 5,9 6,0
45–49 5,2 5,4 5,3
50–54 4,1 5,2 4,7
55–59 3,3 3,5 3,4
60–64 3,0 3,5 3,2
65–69 1,9 2,0 2,0
70–74 1,7 1,7 1,7
75–79 1,2 1,1 1,1
80+ 1,7 1,8 1,8
Age group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0–14 30,3 29,4 29,9
15–64 63,2 64,0 63,5
65+ 6,5 6,6 6,6

Fertility and births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[7]


Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1965–69 7,1
1970–74 5,8
1975–79 4,7
1980–82 4,31
1983–85 3,69
1986 3,8 (2,8) 3,2 (2,5) 5,1 (3,5)
1991 30,1 3,3 (2,6) 29,7 2,8 (2,3) 30,5 4,4 (3,1)
1996 27,7 3,2 (2,5) 24,4 2,8 (2,2) 29,8 4,0 (3,0)
1999 2,9 (2,3) 2,7 (2,1) 3,4 (2,7)
2002 25,2 3,0 (2,3) 25,3 2,8 (2,3) 24,9 3,3 (2,5)
2007 20,4 2,4 (1,9) 20,0 2,3 (1,8) 21,4 2,8 (2,1)
2013 20,9 2,5 (2,0) 21,2 2,4 (1,9) 20,3 2,6 (2,1)

Other demographic statistics[edit]

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[8]

  • One birth every 2 minutes
  • One death every 8 minutes
  • One net migrant every 18 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 5 minutes

Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[9]

Population
10,298,756 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
Population pyramid of Dominican Republic in 2017
0-14 years: 27.56% (male 1,442,926 /female 1,395,809)
15-24 years: 18.52% (male 969,467 /female 937,765)
25-54 years: 40.28% (male 2,112,813 /female 2,035,902)
55-64 years: 7.71% (male 397,821 /female 396,172)
65 years and over: 5.92% (male 286,300 /female 323,781) (2018 est.)
Ethnic groups
mixed 70.4% (mestizo/indio 58%, mulatto 12.4%), black 15.8%, white 13.5%, other 0.3% (2014 est.)
note: respondents self-identified their race; the term "indio" in the Dominican Republic is not associated with people of indigenous ancestry but people of mixed ancestry or skin color between light and dark
Median age
total: 27.3 years. Country comparison to the world: 145th
male: 27.1 years
female: 27.4 years (2018 est.)
Birth rate
18.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 84th
Death rate
6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 145th
Total fertility rate
2.28 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 88th
Net migration rate
-2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 170th
Population growth rate
0.99% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 109th
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.3 years (2013 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29
Contraceptive prevalence rate
69.5% (2014)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 57.8 (2015 est.) Country comparison to the world: 151st
youth dependency ratio: 47.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 10.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 9.5 (2015 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 71.3 years. Country comparison to the world: 151st
male: 69.7 years
female: 73.1 years (2018 est.)
Religions
Urbanization
urban population: 81.1% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 2.06% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Languages
Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2016 est.)

total population: 93.8%
male: 93.8%
female: 93.8% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2016)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 13.4%. Country comparison to the world: 97th
male: 8.5%
female: 21.7% (2016 est.)

See also[edit]

Census information:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Censos de Población y Vivienda". Oficina Nacional de Estadística. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  2. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision Archived May 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
  5. ^ http://www.one.gob.do/Estadisticas/159/nacimientos
  6. ^ https://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic-social/products/dyb/documents/dyb2017/table07.pdf
  7. ^ http://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/dhs#_r=&collection=&country=&dtype=&from=1890&page=5&ps=&sk=&sort_by=nation&sort_order=&to=2014&topic=&view=s&vk=
  8. ^ "Dominican Republic Population 2019", World Population Review
  9. ^ "World Factbook CENTRAL AMERICA : DOMINICAN REPUBLIC", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.