Department of Physics, Quaid-e-Azam University

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The Department of Physics, Quaid-e-Azam University (Urdu: طبیعیات کے سیکشن جامعہ قائداعظم‎) (founded as the Institute of Physics, QAU), is an academic and research department of the Quaid-e-Azam University (Qau), Pakistan. It is also referred to as the Institute of Theoretical Physics.

Established in 1966 with efforts led by Abdus Salam,[1] the institute was located in Rawalpindi, Punjab Province and offered research in mathematics and theoretical physics.[2] Professor Riazuddin served its first and founding director of the institute after shifting to the present QAU campus in 1972.[2] The institute is considered a birthplace of school of theoretical physics of Pakistan.[1] It is also a birthplace of "Theoretical Physics Group" (TPG), now shifted to PINSTECH, and invited scientists from all over the world.[2] The department has collaborated with institutes including Kahuta Research Laboratories, National Centre for Physics, Government College University, the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) and CERN.[2]

Foundation and history[edit]

The Schrödinger equation, use to describe how the quantum state of a physical system changes with time

Between 1966-1968, Abdus Salam's doctoral students had returned to Pakistan after earning their doctorates and experience.[1] These physicists had been under Abdus Salam's influence and were eager to establish an institute of physics.[1] Abdus Salam enabled them to engage their research in theoretical physics and to establish the country's first school of theoretical physics.[1] Abdus Salam provided his support to establish the institute and gave the founding directorship of the institute to his pupil student, Riazuddin.[1]

Abdus Salam and Riazuddin founded the first "Theoretical Physics Group (TPG)" in 1968 that gave birth to Pakistan's school of theoretical physics.[1] The infrastructure was built by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) after Raziuddin Siddiqui also persuaded the PAEC to provide its full support to establish this institute as a birthplace of theoretical physics.[1] The new institute was re-established at the University of Islamabad and, Salam, Siddiqui and Bhutto convinced the authorities in Pakistan, specifically President Ayub Khan, to make the proposed university a research institution.[1] Siddiqui convinced the chairman of PAEC, dr IH Usmani, to send all the theoreticians in PAEC to the Institute of Physics at the University of Islamabad to form a theoretical physics group.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Hussain, Faheem. "The Theoretical Physics Group at" (google docs). Dr. Prof. Faheem Hussain of the School of Science and Engineering. Lahore University of Management Sciences. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d Dept. of Physics. "Department of Physics". Quaid-e-Azam University Press. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2012.