Derventa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Derventa

Дервента
Aerial view of Derventa
Aerial view of Derventa
Official seal of Derventa
Seal
Location of Derventa within Republika Srpska
Location of Derventa within Republika Srpska
Location of Derventa
Coordinates: 44°58′39″N 17°54′27″E / 44.97750°N 17.90750°E / 44.97750; 17.90750Coordinates: 44°58′39″N 17°54′27″E / 44.97750°N 17.90750°E / 44.97750; 17.90750
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Geographical regionPosavina
Government
 • MayorMilorad Simić (SNSD)
 • Municipality516.84 km2 (199.55 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Town
11,631
 • Municipality
27,404
 • Municipality density53/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)53
Websitewww.derventa.ba

Derventa (Serbian Cyrillic: Дервента) is a city and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in the Posavina region, northwest of Doboj. As of 2013, the city has a population of 11,631 inhabitants, while the municipality has a population 27,404 inhabitants.

Geography[edit]

The Derventa municipality borders with Brod, Modriča, Doboj, Stanari, Prnjavor and Srbac, as well as Croatia across the Sava river. It has an area of 517 km2 (200 sq mi) and includes 57 villages in addition to the actual town of Derventa.

The town of Derventa lies on the river Ukrina, and roads lead from it to Brod, Kotorsko (Doboj), Prnjavor (Banja Luka) and Srbac.

The town has a suburb called Derventski Lug which has grown substantially in recent years due to growth of Municipality.

History[edit]

From 1929 to 1939, Derventa was part of the Vrbas Banovina and from 1939 to 1941 of the Banovina of Croatia within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Prior to the Bosnian War, there was a significant population of ethnic Croats within Derventa, while the majority were Bosniaks. When the war started, some of the prominent Serbs within the town were supported by the SNSD, and took up certain positions of power. During the war, the major fighting factions were the HVO and the VRS, with some units from the ARBiH participating in the conflict. The HVO lost control of Derventa after Operacija Koridor '92 by the VRS and they were pushed up north, and as a result of the battle most of the Croats and Bosniaks were ethnically cleansed from the area, and Serb refugees from war-affected regions of both Croatia and Serbia shortly settled in the city.

After the Dayton Agreement in 1995, some Bosniak and Croat refugees returned to Derventa.

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Derventa, the following settlements comprise the municipality:

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Population of settlements – Derventa municipality
Settlement 1948. 1953. 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 43,787 53,592 56,141 57,010 56,489 27,404
1 Cerani 1,905 1,028
2 Crnča 1,019 684
3 Derventa 9,098 9,133 9,843 11,824 14,357 17,748 11,631
4 Donja Lupljanica 1,271 705
5 Donji Detlak 430 249
6 Drijen 783 442
7 Gornja Lupljanica 946 329
8 Gornji Detlak 1,031 577
9 Kalenderovci Gornji 512 364
10 Kostreš 403 279
11 Kulina 808 417
12 Lug 1,254 1,107
13 Lužani 356 223
14 Lužani Bosanski 786 422
15 Mala Sočanica 759 221
16 Miškovci 782 528
17 Osinja 1,890 1,244
18 Pojezna 1,277 756
19 Polje 1,124 369
20 Tetima 1,164 254
21 Trstenci 894 548
22 Velika Sočanica 1,489 960
23 Živinice 1,290 269

Ethnic composition[edit]

Ethnic composition – Derventa city
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 11,631 (100,0%) 17,748 (100,0%) 14,357 (100,0%) 11,824 (100,0%)
Serbs 9,667 (83,11%) 4,555 (25,66%) 2,934 (20,44%) 2,496 (21,11%)
Bosniaks 1,306 (11,23%) 5,558 (31,32%) 4,593 (31,99%) 5,065 (42,84%)
Croats 378 (3,250%) 4,317 (24,32%) 3,727 (25,96%) 3,439 (29,08%)
Unaffiliated 153 (1,315%)
Others 38 (0,327%) 695 (3,916%) 242 (1,686%) 267 (2,258%)
Yugoslavs 37 (0,318%) 2,623 (14,78%) 2,799 (19,50%) 459 (3,882%)
Ukrainians 21 (0,181%)
Unknown 21 (0,181%)
Roma 4 (0,034%)
Turks 4 (0,034%)
Montenegrins 1 (0,009%) 21 (0,146%) 38 (0,321%)
Albanians 1 (0,009%) 18 (0,125%) 11 (0,093%)
Macedonians 12 (0,084%) 14 (0,118%)
Slovenes 9 (0,063%) 32 (0,271%)
Hungarians 2 (0,014%) 3 (0,025%)
Ethnic composition – Derventa municipality
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 27,404 (100,0%) 56,489 (100,0%) 57,010 (100,0%) 56,141 (100,0%)
Srbi 22,351 (81,56%) 22,938 (40,61%) 22,840 (40,06%) 23,124 (41,19%)
Croats 2,573 (9,389%) 21,952 (38,86%) 23,629 (41,45%) 25,228 (44,94%)
Bosniaks 2,002 (7,306%) 7,086 (12,54%) 6,034 (10,58%) 6,548 (11,66%)
Unaffiliated 252 (0,920%)
Others 65 (0,237%) 1,165 (2,062%) 500 (0,877%) 550 (0,980%)
Unknown 58 (0,212%)
Yugoslavs 53 (0,193%) 3,348 (5,927%) 3,914 (6,865%) 575 (1,024%)
Ukrainians 31 (0,113%)
Roma 10 (0,036%)
Turks 4 (0,015%)
Montenegrins 3 (0,011%) 35 (0,061%) 48 (0,085%)
Slovenes 1 (0,004%) 16 (0,028%) 36 (0,064%)
Albanians 1 (0,004%) 20 (0,035%) 12 (0,021%)
Macedonians 16 (0,028%) 17 (0,030%)
Hungarians 6 (0,011%) 3 (0,005%)

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[1]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 132
Mining and quarrying 5
Manufacturing 3,398
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 45
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 104
Construction 227
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 1,237
Transportation and storage 212
Accommodation and food services 227
Information and communication 45
Financial and insurance activities 66
Real estate activities 5
Professional, scientific and technical activities 125
Administrative and support service activities 48
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 244
Education 489
Human health and social work activities 187
Arts, entertainment and recreation 33
Other service activities 83
Total 6,912

Sports[edit]

The most popular sport in Derventa is football and the city has a long footballing tradition. Derventa's first football club was formed in 1919 under the name FK Dečko. Several other sports associations formed in Derventa prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. The war caused the dissolution of all previous clubs in Derventa and the formation of FK Tekstilac, who merged with FK Dečko. FK Tekstilac still competes today in the First League of the Republika Srpska and its home ground is Gradski Stadion FK Tekstilac, which has an attendance capacity of around 500 spectators. Derventa's most successful sports team is RK Derventa, which currently competes in the Premier league of Bosnia and Herzegovina for handball, which is the nation's top professional handball division. Derventa is known throughout the region for its tradition of handball excellence, creating many great players as well as having a very successful club given that it is such a small city.[2]

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba. Republika Srspka Institute of Statistics. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-12-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]