Dick Marty (born 7 January 1945) is a Swiss politician (FDP.The Liberals) and former state prosecutor of the canton of Ticino. He is a former member of the Swiss Council of States (from 1995 to 2011) and of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
Marty was born in Sorengo. He holds a doctorate in law from the University of Neuchâtel. His thesis was entitled, The Role and the Power of the Swiss Judge in the Application of Penal Sanctions (French: Le Rôle et les pouvoirs du juge suisse dans l'application des sanctions pénales).
Max Planck Institute
In 1975, Marty was nominated state prosecutor of Ticino, in which post he was specially noted for his energetic activities fighting organized crime and drug abuse. For his achievements in the area of drug legislation, he received in 1987 an Award of Honor of the United States Department of Justice and a special award of honor by the International Narcotic Enforcement Officers Association. In 1989 he was elected a member of the cantonal executive in Ticino, where he was director of the finance department, and in 1992 additionally held the office of president, which rotates among the members. In 1995, upon being elected to the Swiss Council of States for Ticino, he resigned from his executive post and has since worked part-time as a legal and economic consultant.
In the Council of States he has been member of key commissions, including the Finance Commission and Economy and Taxes Commission, and took an active part in getting the new Swiss constitution through parliament.
Council of Europe
In 1998 Marty was appointed as a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, where he became a member of its Monitoring Committee. He was later second vice-chairman of the Political Affairs Committee, with further positions in sub-committees.
CIA secret prisons in Europe
In 2005, Marty was appointed to lead an investigation by the Council of Europe into alleged unlawful CIA prisons in Europe. Marty was planning to use satellite images and aviation logs, among many other sources of information, to find out whether the "rendition" of terror suspects for possible torture, or for secret detention, had taken place in any of the Council of Europe's 47 member states. These activities could be a violation of European human rights standards. In June 2006 Marty released his report on behalf of the Parliamentary Assembly, concluding that evidence showed that fourteen European states had assisted in the perpetration of such abuses.
Marty published the second part of this work on 8 June 2007, named Secret Detentions and Illegal Transfers of Detainees Involving Council of Europe Member States: Second Report.
Organ theft in Kosovo
On 14 December 2010, Marty published a report for adoption by the Council of Europe alleging inhuman treatment of people and killing of prisoners with the purpose of removal and illicit trafficking in human organs in Kosovo, involving Hashim Thaçi, the Kosovo prime minister and former Kosovo Liberation Army political leader.
Kosovo's leading politicians reacted strongly to Marty's report. Kosovo's acting president, Jakup Krasniqi, called the report "racist towards Albanians". Prime Minister Thaçi accused Marty of being "an opponent of Kosovo's independence" and called the report "politically motivated", "not based on facts", with the "goal to damage the newly-created state of Kosovo, Kosovo’s image, to question the election process, creation of institutions and Kosovo’s European future". As reported by several international, Serbian, Kosovan and Albanian news agencies, in an interview for Albanian TV Klan on 24 December 2010, Thaçi threatened to publish a list of Albanians who collaborated in providing information to Dick Marty for this report. On 25 January 2011, the Council of Europe endorsed the report and called for a full and serious investigation into its contents.
Marty acted as Special Rapporteur for the Assembly's Social, Health and Family Affairs Committee on the topic of euthanasia. His report and draft resolution, published in September 2003, called on Council of Europe members to collect empirical data on assisted dying, to promote debate and analysis of the evidence, and to consider whether legislation should be brought forward to exempt doctors from prosecution for assisting suicide under certain strict conditions. His stance proved controversial and the report was criticised by a number of organisations, such as the World Federation of Catholic Medical Associations and the Scottish Council on Human Bioethics. John Keown, a professor of Christian ethics at Georgetown University in Washington, DC, described it as "Mr Marty's muddle" and criticized him for "superficiality" and "selectivity."
The Committee subsequently adopted a formal Opinion prepared by the British member Kevin McNamara, which criticised several of Marty's findings and conclusions and sought to replace the call for governments to consider legislation to legalise assisted dying with a resolution to "report back to the Parliamentary Assembly for further consideration". McNamara's amendments were criticised in turn by organisations such as the World Federation of Right to Die Societies. Keown's criticism of Marty's report was criticised by Guy Widdershoven of Maastricht University. Marty's report, as amended, was rejected by 138 votes to 26.
Ballot Initiative for Global Corporate Responsibility
Since 2015, Marty serves as co-president for the ballot measure to amend the Swiss constitution so that global companies headquartered in Switzerland are adhering to human rights and environmental standards. In February 2019, the ballot measure initially passed the Swiss National Council and was modified by the Council of States, rejecting the counter-initiative by the National Council. The initiative enjoys popular support and is projected to be on the ballots not before February 2020.
Besides his political work, since 1996 Marty has been president of Tourism Switzerland. In addition, he serves as president of the Swiss Scoutism Foundation.
In January 2014 Marty was appointed as head of the Cycling Independent Reform Commission by the Union Cycliste Internationale, with a remit to investigate doping in the sport during the 1990s and 2000s.
- Geoff Meade (Wednesday 7 June 2006) "Britain Named for Colluding in US Rendition Flights" Archived 2006-06-15 at the Wayback Machine, originally published by The Independent
- Dick Marty (12 June 2006) "Alleged secret detentions and unlawful inter-state transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states" Archived 2007-06-09 at the Wayback Machine, Council of Europe
- Dick Marty, (8 June 2007), Secret detentions and illegal transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states: second report, Council of Europe
- Inhuman treatment of people and illicit trafficking in human organs in Kosovo, Council of Europe
- "Interview with Thaci in Kosovar daily 'Gazeta Express'" Archived 2010-12-24 at the Wayback Machine, Gazeta Express
- Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in West Balkan languages: "Tači će objaviti spisak Albanaca koji su pomagali Martiju" (Thaci will publish the list of Albanians who were helping Marty)
- B92 in English: "Thaci to release names of Marty’s helpers" Archived 2010-12-28 at the Wayback Machine
- Kosova Info: "Thaçi ka dosje të bashkëpunëtorëve të Martyt" (Thaci has record of Marty's collaborators) Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Info Albania: Thaci ka dosje te bashkepunetoreve te Martyt Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine (Thaci has record of Marty's collaborators)
- 'Kosovo physicians accused of illegal organs removal racket' The Guardian, 14 December 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2011
- "Council Adopts Kosovo Organ Trafficking Resolution". Balkan Insight. 25 January 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Social, Family and Health Affairs Committee of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (10 September 2003). "Doc. 9898, Euthanasia, Rapporteur: Mr Dick Marty, Switzerland, LDR". Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- "Vote on Euthanasia at the Council of Europe, Statement for Press Release" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 November 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- "Briefing to UK Parliamentary Assembly Members of the Council of Europe, Mr Dick Marty's Proposals (Doc. 9898) for the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe - 27 April 2004" (PDF). Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- J Keown (22 February 2005). "Mr Marty's Muddle:a superficial and selective case for euthanasia in Europe". Journal of Medical Ethics. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & Institute of Medical Ethics. 32 (1): 29–33. doi:10.1136/jme.2004.011148. PMC 2563269. PMID 16373521.
- Committee on Legal Affairs & Human Rights of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (23 September 2003). "Doc. 9923, Euthanasia: Opinion, Rapporteur: Mr Kevin McNamara, United Kingdom, Socialist Group". Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- "The Report on Euthanasia". Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- Widdershoven, G (2006). "Commentary: Euthanasia in Europe: a critique of the Marty report". Journal of Medical Ethics. 32 (1): 34–35. doi:10.1136/jme.2005.012146. PMC 2563270. PMID 16373522.
- "Schweiz: Debatte um Konzern-verantwortungsinitiative hält an". Business & Human Rights Resource Centre. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- O'Shea, Sadhbh (5 March 2015). "UCI announces Cycling Independent Reform Commission". cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- www.DickMarty.ch – Personal homepage, mainly in Italian
- Biography of Dick Marty on the website of the Swiss Parliament. (Italian)
- Council of Europe:
- Profile page
- Chronology briefing note – Marty's investigation on CIA secret detentions
- Marty's draft report – Inhuman treatment of people and illicit trafficking in human organs in Kosovo