Donald S. Russell
|Donald Stuart Russell|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|
April 23, 1971 – February 22, 1998
|Appointed by||Richard Nixon|
|Preceded by||Simon Sobeloff|
|Succeeded by||William Byrd Traxler, Jr.|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina|
November 3, 1966 – May 1, 1971
|Appointed by||Lyndon Johnson|
|Preceded by||Charles Cecil Wyche|
|Succeeded by||Solomon Blatt, Jr.|
|United States Senator
from South Carolina
April 22, 1965 – November 8, 1966
|Preceded by||Olin D. Johnston|
|Succeeded by||Ernest Hollings|
|107th Governor of South Carolina|
January 15, 1963 – April 22, 1965
|Lieutenant||Robert Evander McNair|
|Preceded by||Ernest Hollings|
|Succeeded by||Robert Evander McNair|
February 22, 1906|
Lafayette County, Mississippi, US
|Died||February 22, 1998
Spartanburg, South Carolina, US
|Resting place||Greenlawn Memorial Gardens, Spartanburg|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan
University of South Carolina
Donald Stuart Russell (February, 22, 1906 – February, 22, 1998) was a 20th-Century American from South Carolina who served as Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (1945–1947), president of the University of South Carolina (1952–1957)Governor (1963–1965), and U.S. Senator (1965– 1966).
Donald Stuart Russell was born on February 22, 1906, in Lafayette Springs, Lafayette County, Mississippi. In 1906, his father died. In 1914, his mother Lula Russell Moore McGuinn moved the family to Chester, South Carolina. In 1925, he obtained a BA and in 1928 a LLB law degree from the University of South Carolina at Columbia. In 1928, he also passed the bar in South Carolina. In 1929, he studied law at the graduate level at the University of Michigan.
In 1930, Russell began his career by practicing law, first in Union, South Carolina to 1930, and then in Spartanburg, South Carolina, where he continued through 1942 in the firm of Nichols, Wyche and Byrnes.
In 1942, he joined the U.S. Department of War. In 1942, he served for a year as assistant to the Director of Economic Stabilization. In 1944, he served as a major in the United States Army. In 1945, he became deputy director in the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion.
In 1947, Russell began service as Assistant Secretary of State for Administration. He was a protégé of former Secretary of State James F. Byrnes. During that time, he became involved in the case of "Mr. Blank" and nine other State Department officials, dismissed for unspecified charges related to loyalty. The case became a sensation when journalist Bert Andrews obtained a secret transcript of Mr. Blank's case and published a series of articles in the New York Herald-Tribune starting on November 2, 1947.
- January 28, 1963 – Clemson University enrolled first-ever African-American student, Harvey Gantt
- September 1963 – Former Governor Strom Thurmond announced move to the Republican Party
- October 29,1964 – Greenville native Charles Townes won Nobel Prize in Physics
- November 3, 1964 – Majority of South Carolina voters supported Barry Goldwater (first Republican presidential candidate to carry the state since Reconstruction)
On April 22, 1965, Russell resigned as governor, after which new governor Robert E. McNair appointed him to fill the seat vacated by the death of Olin D. Johnston as Democratic Senator, through 1966. In the Democratic primary for the special election in 1966 to fill the remainder of Johnston's term, Russell again lost to Fritz Hollings. McNair, however, won a gubernatorial term of his own in 1966 by defeating the Republican Joseph O. Rogers, Jr., while Hollings won election to the rest of Johnston's Senate term by defeating Republican Marshall Parker.
On October 11, 1966, after his short Senate tenure ended, Russell was appointed U.S. District Judge for the District of South Carolina by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson to fill the vacancy created by the death of Russell's former law partner, Charles Cecil Wyche. On October 20, 1966, he received confirmation from the U.S. Senate. On November 3, 1971, he ended his service due to appointment as on May 1, 1971, by U.S. President Richard Nixon as judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, where he served until his death, on his 92nd birthday in 1998.
Personal and death
Russell's most notable political/professional relationship was with Byrnes:
Russell's relationship with Byrnes became very important over the following years, particularly as Byrnes took on increasingly prominent positions in the Roosevelt administration. Russell went to Washington as Byrnes' assistant when Byrnes was appointed director of the Office of Economic Stabilization in October 1942. In May 1943, Russell followed Byrnes to the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, which Byrnes had been appointed to direct. In October 1944 Russell went on active duty serving at the Army's Supreme Allied Headquarters in Europe. Major Russell was discharged later that year. In early 1945, Russell served as Deputy Director of the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, then as Assistant Secretary of State for Administration, under Byrnes, from August 1945 to January 1947. Russell implemented plans for the reorganization of the Foreign Service and developed the first series of continual regional foreign policy statements, which was later to become standard practice. Russell's interest in the foreign service later led to his involvement on several federal committees. As the assistant to Byrnes, Russell was at Potsdam with President Harry Truman and Byrnes and took part in the decision to drop the first atomic bomb. Byrnes and Russell left the administration shortly after the war ended and joined Hogan & Hartson, a Washington, D.C., law firm.
- "Russell, Donald Stuart (1906–1998)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- "Russell, Donald Stuart". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- "Donald S. Russell Papers, 1929–1998". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- "SC Governors, Donald S. Russell Papers, 1963–1965". SCiway. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- "South Carolina Governor Donald Stuart Russell". SCiway. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- Alsop, Joseph; Alsop, Stewart (15 August 1947). "Matter of Fact: The Case of the Ten". Washington Post. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- Andrews, Bert (2 November 1947). "A State Department Security Case: The Story of an Employee Dismissed After 8-Month F.B.I. Investigation with the Nature of the Charges Against Him Never Revealed". New York Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- Andrews, Bert (4 November 1947). "7 Dropped as Loyalty Risk Say Statement Department Pursues Them: Protest Impairment of Their Job Opportunities". New York Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- Andrews, Bert (6 November 1947). "Marshall Says 'Security Risks' Can Appeal; Won't Tell Charges". New York Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- Lindley, Ernest (3 November 1947). "What Price Security? The Case of Mr. Blank". Washington Post.
- Emerson, Thomas I.; Helfeld, David M. (1 January 1948). "Loyalty Among Government Employees". Yale University. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- "Evans-Russell House, Spartanburg County (716 Otis Blvd, Spartanburg)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
- "Donald Stuart Russell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Donald Stuart Russell at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Donald S. Russell - South Carolina Political Collections. University of South Carolina Archives. Article retrieved March 10, 2006.
- SCIway Biography of Donald Stuart Russell
- NGA Biography of Donald Stuart Russell
- Donald S. Russell at Find a Grave
|Assistant Secretary of State for Administration
September 24, 1945 – January 20, 1947
|Governor of South Carolina
January 15, 1963–April 22, 1965
Robert Evander McNair
Olin D. Johnston
|U.S. Senator (Class 3) from South Carolina
April 22, 1965 – November 8, 1966
Served alongside: Strom Thurmond
Charles Cecil Wyche
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina
Solomon Blatt, Jr.
|Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
William Byrd Traxler, Jr.
|89th||Senate: O. Johnston • S. Thurmond • D. Russell||House: J. McMillan • M. Rivers • B. Dorn • R. Ashmore • A. Watson • T. Gettys|