Downhill (1927 film)
Downhill on cover of Kinematograph Weekly, no. 1046, vol. 123
|Directed by||Alfred Hitchcock|
Michael Balcon |
C. M. Woolf
under combined pseudonym:
Ivor Novello |
|Cinematography||Claude L. McDonnell|
Ivor Montagu |
Woolf & Freedman Film Service (UK) |
Sono Art-World Wide Pictures (US)
|105 minutes (2012 restoration)|
Silent film |
Downhill is a 1927 British silent drama film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Ivor Novello, Robin Irvine, and Isabel Jeans, and based on the play Down Hill by Novello and Constance Collier. The film was made by Gainsborough Pictures at their Islington studios. Downhill was Hitchcock's fourth film as director, but the fifth to be released. Its American alternative title for was When Boys Leave Home.
At an expensive English boarding school for boys, Roddy Berwick (Ivor Novello) is School Captain and star rugby player. He and his best friend Tim Wakely (Robin Irvine) start seeing a waitress Mabel (Annette Benson). Out of pique, she tells the headmaster that she is pregnant and that Roddy is the father. In fact it was Tim, who cannot afford to be expelled because he needs to win a scholarship to attend Oxford University. Promising Tim that he will never reveal the truth, Roddy accepts expulsion.
Leaving home, Roddy finds work as an actor in a theatre. He marries the leading actress Julia Fotheringale (Isabel Jeans) after inheriting £30,000 from a relation. The unfaithful Julia secretly continues an affair with her leading man Archie (Ian Hunter) and discards Roddy after his inheritance is exhausted. He becomes a gigolo in a Paris music hall but soon quits over self-loathing at romancing older women for money.
Roddy ends up alone and delirious in a shabby room in Marseilles. Some sailors take pity on him and ship him back home, possibly hoping for reward. Roddy's father has learned the truth about the waitress's false accusation during his son's absence and joyfully welcomes him back. Roddy resumes his previous life.
- Ivor Novello as Roddy Berwick
- Robin Irvine as Tim Wakely
- Isabel Jeans as Julia Fotheringale
- Ian Hunter as Archie
- Norman McKinnel as Sir Thomas Berwick
- Annette Benson as Mabel
- Sybil Rhoda as Sybil Wakely
- Lilian Braithwaite as Lady Berwick
- Violet Farebrother as The Poet
- Ben Webster as Dr. Dawson
- Hannah Jones as The Dressmaker
- Jerrold Robertshaw as Reverend Henry Wakely
- Barbara Gott as Madame Michet
- Alf Goddard as The Swede
- J. Nelson as Hibbert
The film is based on the play, Down Hill, written by its star Ivor Novello and Constance Collier under the combined alias David L'Estrange.
The stage performance had a short run in the West End and longer in the provinces. In the play Novello thrilled his female fans by washing his bare legs after the rugby match. An appreciative James Agate, drama critic for the London Sunday Times, wrote "The scent of good honest soap crosses the footlights". Hitchcock included a similar scene of Novello for the film in which he is shown naked from the waist up.
Hitchcock's emerging style is well demonstrated in this film. He used a variety of screen techniques to tell the story with a minimum of title cards, preferring instead to allow the film's visual narrative tell the story. A good example is the scene after Roddy leaves home. It opens with the title card "The world of make-believe". This is followed by a closeup of Roddy in a tuxedo. The camera pulls back to reveal Roddy is actually playing a waiter on stage in a theatre. Hitchcock also incorporated shots of a descending escalator at Maida Vale tube station as a visual metaphor for Roddy's downhill descent. He experimented with dream sequences by shooting them in superimpositions and blurred images. He played with shadow and light in much the same way as directors of German expressionist films of the time.
Original prints of the film were colour tinted, for instance the scene involving Novello's voyage home on a boat was a "sickly" green to express mental torment and nausea.
Preservation and home video status
Like Hitchcock's other British films, all of which are copyrighted worldwide, Downhill has been heavily bootleged on home video. Despite this, various licensed, restored releases have appeared on DVD, Blu-ray and video on demand services from Network in the UK, Criterion in the US and others.
- "Homme fatal: Ivor Novello". The Guardian. 10 January 2004. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
- "Alfred Hitchcock Collectors' Guide". Brenton Film. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
- "Alfred Hitchcock: Dial © for Copyright". Brenton Film. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
- "Bootlegs Galore: The Great Alfred Hitchcock Rip-off". Brenton Film. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
- "Alfred Hitchcock Collectors' Guide: Downhill (1927)". Brenton Film. Retrieved 8 October 2018.