Driver's license in China
The Chinese Motor Vehicle Driving License (simplified Chinese: 机动车驾驶证; traditional Chinese: 機動車駕駛證; pinyin: Jīdòngchē Jiàshǐzhèng) is the legal driving license within China excluding the two special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). In these two territories separate driving license must be obtained from their respective traffic authorities. It is issued, ratified and regularly inspected by the traffic administrative department of the public security organ. Minimum age varies from 18 (for cars) all the way up to 26 (for large buses) in the country. Learner's licenses, although granted, have little effect, as most training takes place within the confines of specially-designed training areas inaccessible, on paper, to the general motoring public. Previously, expressways were inaccessible even for holders of a normal driver's license if they did not possess the license for a full year; however, such a regulation has now been invalidated. Drivers with licenses less than a year old, however, are still considered "intern drivers" or "new drivers" (Chinese: 实习司机; pinyin: shíxí siji), and certain limitations apply to them (examples: Display a uniform label on the car when they are driving, containing a person who has three-year driving experience sit in front passenger seat while driving on highway). The PRC considers the driving license, under a new law, an administrative license (Chinese: 行政许可; pinyin: xíngzhèng xuke).
Some areas do not issue motorcycle licenses or three-wheeler licenses any more. This promotes driving without a license, a fake license or an illegally purchased license.
Types of license
|Type||Name||Chinese||Other categories included||Intl. Eqs.|
|Heavy passenger vehicles||大型客车||A3, B1, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, M|
|Semi-trailer Truck||牵引车||B1, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, M|
|City buses||城市公交车||C1, C2, C3, C4|
|Middle passenger vehicles (19 passengers or less)||中型客车||C1, C2, C3, C4, M|
|Heavy goods vehicles||大型货车||C1, C2, C3, C4, M|
|Light motor vehicle, camper (9 passengers or less)||小型汽车||C2, C3, C4|
|Automatic transmission light motor vehicle||小型自动档汽车|
|Low-speed goods vehicle||低速载货汽车||C4|
|Three-wheel motor vehicles||三轮汽车|
|Ordinary three-wheel motorcycles||普通三轮摩托车||E, F|
|Ordinary two-wheel motorcycles (over 50cc)||普通二轮摩托车||F|
|Light motorcycles (50cc or less)||轻便摩托车|
|Wheel type automobiles||轮式自行机械车|
Note: A Class C5 license has been introduced for 残疾人专用小型自动挡载客汽车 (small passenger cars with automatic transmission for people with disabilities).
- Law of the People’s Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety-中华人民共和国道路交通安全法-www.lawinfochina.com
- ""B"型证都能开哪些车？_汽车_天涯问答". wenda.tianya.cn. Retrieved 2016-09-30.